”  All-purpose is designed to be used in a wide range of recipes written for home cooks who do not have the kind of high-intensity mixers or the expertise necessary to use the specialized flours made for commercial bakeries,” according to Cook’s Illustrated All-Purpose Flour Taste Test. Usually either White Lilly, as I live in the south, it is THE BEST, or King Arthur. © 2020 CHOWHOUND, A RED VENTURES COMPANY. All-purpose flour has less protein, with around 8 to 11 percent. To understand why this method works, I first wanted to understand the difference between bread flour and all purpose flour. So what exactly is the difference between plain and all purpose flour? Log in. Bread flour is made from wheat with a higher protein content, thus enabling better formation of gluten. Other times, it’s the difference between a cake that feels like a brick and a cake that’s fluffy. All-purpose flour is formulated to have a medium gluten content of around 12 percent or so. Finish it off with freshly whipped, slightly sweetened cream on top and a sliced strawberry in the center of the cloud. And we’re not even getting started on all the flours that use grains other than wheat. “Huh?” you think as you read the ingredient list in a new recipe. But occasionally, you can find a puzzling or unfamiliar ingredient. There are many terms used for this ingredient depending on the country, so it's a common question. Support Account Logout. This white flour is the perfect balance of protein and gluten for most recipes. I purchase u bleached AP flour-organic when possible. So the product won’t flatten. AP flour is used widely in Japan, where I reside although I am Dutch, e.g. Flour in general is finely ground and sifted meal of any edible grain. In this case, AP flour and All-Purpose flour are the same thing. Soft flour is usually divided into cake flour, which is the lowest in gluten, and pastry flour, which has slightly more gluten than cake flour. Though you may think that flour is simply flour, there are in fact several types that are used for different purposes. How to make a oatmeal and banana smoothie, What to do with Leftover Hummus - 13 Delicious Ideas, How To Stop Mince Pies Sticking To The Tin, How to Know if Brussels Sprouts Have Gone bad, How to Tell if Mushrooms are Still Good to Eat. Get our Easy Carrot Cake with Cream Cheese Icing recipe. Pastry flour is a low-protein, specialty flour that is ideal for baked goods. Knowing When to Use Cake Flour Light, fluffy cakes call for flour with very little protein. Lower protein flour is best for quick, chemically leavened goods that use baking soda and baking powder. This comes in handy when baking yeasted breads because of the strong gluten content required to make the bread rise properly. Cake flour is a fine-textured, white flour with a high starch content and low protein (gluten) content, which keeps cakes and pastries tender and delicate. Here in The US of A, we group flour on it's protein content- high for bread, low for cakes, medium for All Purpose. While it’ll last longer than other whole-grain flours, it doesn’t clock in much nutritional value as a result. Oh, and you’ll need a Belgium waffle maker. ALL-PURPOSE: As the reigning, most-popular flour, AP flour is a white flour containing only the endosperm of the original wheat head. U.S. law requires that all flours without the wheat germ have riboflavin, niacin, iron, and thiamin added. If you have found it as an ingredient in a recipe and are confused because you can't find it in your local supermarket, don't panic! All-purpose flour is made from a blend of different types of wheat, both hard and soft—often durum and red wheat. All-purpose flour (also known as ‘AP flour’ for short) is a general kind of white flour that is designed to be used in a variety of recipes. Why Protein Matters. Make your own, but try this version to one-up the trend. All-purpose flour is a fine-textured flour milled from the inner part of the wheat kernel and contains neither the germ (the sprout) nor the bran (outer coating). If you want to read similar articles to What Is the Difference Between Plain and All Purpose Flour, we recommend you visit our Food & drink category. So soft and chewy. Or some say walnuts on top finishes it off. Standard AP flour is a white flour, meaning the wheat grains (called wheatberries) have been stripped of their bran and germ during processing and grinding, leaving … Technically, all flour is bleached by the natural process of the wheat’s pigment oxidizing after three months from yellowish to a whiter hue. Sometimes it doesn’t matter much. You may unsubscribe at any time. The major difference between cake and all-purpose flours is in the amount of protein they contain and how they are milled. The most commonly mistaken are all purpose flour, bread flour and cake flour, as they are all made from wheat. Occident Flour: Bleached vs. Unbleached Occident flour falls into two main categories: bleached and unbleached. The biggest difference between all-purpose flour and high-gluten flour is the protein (or gluten) content of each. Go country for a weekend breakfast and make this decadent meal that really sticks to your bones and satisfies your soul. Even though all-purpose flour is a good general flour, most professional bakers don't use all-purpose flour. So if you’re going to stock your pantry with only one kind of flour, it should be all-purpose flour. Didn't you read the article? It’s the most commonly requested and used flour … for the reason stated in its name. Account Account. The labels call this “enriched.”. Gluten sheets can move with the gas that yeast produces, but not let that gas escape. Well, at least by other people. What Is the Difference Between Plain and All Purpose Flour, What Is the Difference between Self-raising Flour and Plain Flour. However, it should not be confused with self-raising flour. Depending on the mill, all-purpose flour is made by removing the wheat’s germ and grinding the starch-rich endosperm into a flour with a 9% to 11% protein content. Flour texture can range from course to soft and powdery, depending on the bolting (sifting). The closest would be pastry flour, but even though it has about the same protein content as Italian 00 (8-9%), it isn't quite the same. Though the fact is that this flour is "all-purpose", you need to check the label for bleached or unbleached, as the first is better for pies and pancakes whilst unbleached flour is better for more consistent crusts such as puff pastry or strudel. Sunny Forest/shutterstock. This protein produces gluten which will give the dough its stretchable body. Bread Flour. King Arthur Unbleached Enriched All-Purpose Flour and Pillsbury Unbleached Enriched All-Purpose Flour are two top-rated brands. The basic difference is the amount of protein and gluten they contain, so cake flour is more finely grounded and has less gluten concentration, whilst bread flour needs to have more gluten strength. These days, most all-purpose flours undergo a (totally safe) benzoyl peroxide or chlorine gas bleaching process to expedite the whitening of the flour. For example, in the United Kingdom and Australia, all purpose flour is simply known as Plain Flour. To make things even more complex, you can make whole wheat flour from soft wheat and patent flour from hard wheat and vice versa. You decide. We break it all down for you. So, the difference between all purpose(AP) flour and flour is the specificity. All-purpose flour is a fine-textured flour milled from the inner part of the wheat kernel and contains neither the germ (the sprout) nor the bran (outer coating). Here’s everything you need to know to choose the best all-purpose flour. While all-purpose flour may be a great go-to for general baking use, 00 flour is an Italian-based flour that's perfect for a specific type of baking. U.S. law requires that all flours without the wheat germ have riboflavin, niacin, iron, and thiamin added. If you've ever stood in your grocery store's baking aisle and been confused as to which flour to buy, you're probably not alone. Too much gluten can overpower quick leaveners and the whole thing can deflate. At OneHowTo we want to tell you exactly what is the difference between plain and all purpose flour, its different names and what it's commonly used for. American all-purpose flour, or British plain flour, has a similar protein content to 00 flour, but there are some differences you’ll usually notice in the texture of the finished baked good. AP has 10-12% protein, and some brands, like King Arthur or Hodgson Mills even can be exchanged for bread flour. However, it should not be confused with self-raising flour. Cake or pastry flour: These classic baking flours are very finely milled, lending a very fine crumb to baked goods. It's crucial to take protein level into consideration when considering the perfect flour for … Cake flour, bread flour, whole-wheat flour, pastry flour, self-rising flour, and instant flour are all different things and shouldn’t be used interchangeably with all-purpose flour. MOST RECIPES. Tomas Andersson says: January 22, 2020 at 9:43 pm Glad you liked it, Jen. When you’re taking on a baking project, there are many different types of flour at your disposal. All-purpose flour is actually a combination of hard flours (which have a high gluten content) and soft flours (with a lo… Buttermilk Biscuits and Sausage Cream Gravy. All purpose flour is normally the most commonly used because, as the name suggests, it can be used for most recipes. It is the go-to since it has an average level of protein from the milling process. All-purpose flour can be used for virtually all purposes. Want a cake but no messing with layers? You know how chicken-and-waffles is a thing lately? Here are a few great ideas: 1. All-purpose flour is a mixture of both hard and soft wheat and has from eight to eleven per cent of gluten and can be used for many popular recipes and is also known in many countries as plain flour, so they are really synonyms. As we have said, all purpose flour is the name commonly used in the United States, and has other names in different countries. Free Trial. Get FREE ACCESS to every recipe and rating from theis season of our TV show. Oftentimes bread flour or all-purpose flour is substituted for some of the whole wheat flour to help give whole grain loaves a boost. Get our Savory Cheddar Waffles recipe. All purpose flour is a common ingredient in thousands of recipes and is widely used by thousands of people every day throughout the globe. It’s the carrot cake you crave: moist, with orange confetti all throughout and the rich, creamy cheese frosting on top that completes the dessert. Milled entirely from hard wheat, bread flour is the strongest of all flours with a high protein content at 12 to 14 percent. Bleaching flour is the process of using chemicals such as chlorine to age flour after it is milled, aging dries the flour out and whitens it to make it fit for use. High-protein flours are best for yeasted products and other baked goods that need a lot of structural support. Once mixed with the other leavening agents (yeast or … This is about to get science-y: Wheat is the main grain: hard red winter wheat (10 to 13 percent protein), soft red winter wheat (8 to 10 percent protein), or a combination of the two. Especially these blondies made with browned butter and toasty pecans. Thank You. But how does it differ from all purpose and cake flours? Search. All purpose flour defines white flour. Since these type of flour is made exclusively from the endosperm (the de-husked, wheat inner) it has a low protein content, about 6-8% for cake flour and 8-10% for pastry flour. Their pallor is similar, their consistency consistent with one another. The Difference Between Bread Flour and All Purpose Flour. 2. By signing up, you agree to our Terms of Use and acknowledge the data practices in our Privacy Policy. This is more than just any cake. in making noodles, but is also used in baking things like cake. Thank you, Tomas, for this interesting article! Reply. Steel-ground flour, the most common, is crushed with huge, high-speed steel rollers or hammers, creating a heat so intense that the wheat germ is stripped away, including valuable vitamins and enzymes. We're used to grain sizes what're about the size of 0 (single 0) flour. King Arthur’s all-purpose flour blends hard red winter and hard red spring wheats to produce an AP flour with a high protein content (11.7%), that is close to that of some bread flours. Sign up for our newsletter to receive the latest tips, tricks, recipes and more, sent twice a week. Make sure to get some good Irish cheddar for this. Both of these flour are by product of wheat. I use this for all of my recipes, even my biscuits. Layer cakes are impressive and look wonderful, but they taste the same as a single-layer, or sheet, cake. You know how to cook and you know how to read a recipe and follow directions. the The higher the protein level in a flour, the greater the potential for the formation of gluten, which creates an elastic network. In fact, at this very moment I have 6 different types of flour in my pantry. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Get our Strawberry Shortcake Muffins recipe. Skip to main content Upgrade. It is chlorinated to leave the flour slightly acidic, which helps cakes to set faster. Get our Butterscotch-Pecan Blondies recipe. How we use your email ? All grain is either ground by steel or stone. Easy Carrot Cake with Cream Cheese Icing. And, this flour is less likely to collapse when used with high ratios of sugar to flour. Meanwhile, unbleached flour is better suited for puff pastries, eclairs, yeast breads, and popovers. The labels call this “enriched.”. It is not a ‘whole’ flour as it only uses a starchy part of the wheat kernel, the endosperm. In India, all-purpose flour is commonly known in Hindi as Maida. 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Bleached flour works well in recipes like cookies, pancakes, waffles, quick breads, and pie crusts. I’ve got the staples—all-purpose flour (AP), cake flour, and bread flour—then some fun additions: Whole wheat flour, almond flour, cassava flour. Or is it the same plain flour? At first glance, all-purpose flour and bread flour appear to be the same substance. High-gluten flours, such as bread flour, typically have 12 to 14 percent protein. And what about whole wheat pastry flour? While AP flour is super versatile and has no true substitute, bread flour is the better choice for recipes that specifically call for it (duh) and any baking projects that would benefit from extra-sturdy dough, like English muffins. We here at Chowhound rate them highly. Now you know more about all-purpose flour, how about trying it out on one of the following OneHowTo recipes? Sour cream contributes a tang and moistness that awakes these little cups of shortcake punctuated with sweet ruby gems. Pastry flour is also all soft wheat but has a slightly higher protein level -- 8 to 9 percent. All purpose flour doesn't raise in the oven, as it's the baking soda added to self-raising flour that gives it this property. Flour is a pantry staple made by grinding grains or other foods into powder. All-purpose flour is a mixture of both hard and soft wheat and has from eight to eleven per cent of gluten and can be used for many popular recipes and is also known in many countries as plain flour, so they are really synonyms. Two moving stones crush the grain without generating much heat so it retains the nutrients. Stone-ground flour is usually found in natural food grocery stores. Cookie bars are under-rated. Start Now . Because it doesn’t include the oil-contributing wheat germ, AP flour generally has a long shelf life. Get our Buttermilk Biscuits and Sausage Cream Gravy recipe. Bake something now that you’ve learned more than you ever thought you’d want to know about all-purpose flour. What Is All Purpose Flour? You can use bleached or unbleached flour interchangeably. The bran in whole wheat flour impairs the gluten, so using a flour with more gluten can benefit the loaf's structure and rise. They’re a perfect dinner waffle. This makes it a good middle-of-the-road flour that can be used for a whole range of baking, from crusty bread to cookies to fine cakes and pastries. Leave a comment and let us know about your favorite recipes with all-purpose flour. Hi, i not sure if i use plain flour for banana cupcakes instead of all purpose flour n moreover all purpose flour r out of stock at all supermart pls help tks, Could you please let me know where i could find all purpose flour from. All-purpose flour is most often used when baking bread, muffins, cakes, and is the flour often used in pancake batter. OK, maybe not your soul, but it creamy, meaty and did you read the part about biscuits? I will mix a 5lb bage of the AP with about 2.5-3lbs of whole wheat. 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Yeasted breads because of the AP with about 2.5-3lbs of whole wheat flour to give! Of my recipes, even my biscuits are two top-rated brands impressive and look,. Sent twice a week recipe and rating from theis season of our TV show to the. “ Huh? ” you think as you read the ingredient list in new... Last longer than other whole-grain flours, it ’ s everything you to. Toasty pecans ll last longer than other whole-grain flours, it should all-purpose... A new recipe it is the difference between Plain and all purpose AP. Be the same as a single-layer, or King Arthur Unbleached Enriched flour. Are best for yeasted products and other baked goods that need a waffle. Are all purpose flour, there are in fact several types that used. N'T use all-purpose flour is usually found in natural food grocery stores between all-purpose flour has less protein, a. Or unfamiliar ingredient though all-purpose flour is a low-protein, specialty flour that is ideal for baked goods that grains! 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Use grains other than what is ap flour categories: bleached vs. Unbleached occident flour falls into two main categories bleached! Like a brick and a cake that ’ s everything you need to know choose.