4. These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. Because rumour that cartidges are made of cows and pigs fat. Military Causes: Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. The Indian soldiers were also sent across the sea which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. Some of them were : They even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. Every new recruit had to serve overseas. • Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of Barrackpore near Calcutta on 29 March 1857 initiated the revolt of sepoys, and it started as the revolt of the people. The rulers of India fell one by one before the might of the Western arms. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. One such rumour was the use of grease cartridges in enfeild rifles. The British could easily suppress the revolt as they had enough armed forces. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. To regard the rebellion merely as a sepoy mutiny is to underestimate the root causes leading to it. Ltd. All rights reserved. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. The landholders and peasants, the scattered soldiers, the landlords were so depressed and unsatisfied. The European juries allowed European criminals with little or no punishment. The British were also circumspect about interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians. The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. From the battle of Palessay in 1757, to the revolt 1857, it was a full century. Sepoys were unhappy because they were given less money and also they were conquering their own motherland (INDIA)!!!! Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. were among the high degree of protests by the people that culminated in the revolt of 1857. My dear friend At this conjuncture I believe that the reasons for the Revolt of 1857 is indeed many, the prime and the most important one being the religious sentiments being hurt. ... LearnNext - Causes of the Revolt of 1857 open_in_new . Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: These were some of the points which caused the Revolt of the 1857. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. What is the immediate and religious causes of the mutiny? The introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. The company introduced the Enfield rifles in the Indian army. The Indian soldiers were also sent across the sea which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Therefore, in the first half of the 19th Century, the British proposal of social reform through the means of legislation- although it was directed towards the acceptability of British rule over India, but conservative sections viewed this as an imposition of Christianity over them. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. A mutiny in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle February, 1857. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. The judicial system introduced by the British was based on equality. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. 21 RELIGIOUS CAUSES The rebellion. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The mutiny at Vellore (1806), at Barrackpore (1824), at Ferozpur (1842), mutiny of the 7th Bengal cavalry, mutiny of 22nd N.I. Several causes as follows were responsible for the great rising: The fear of the native rulers that their states would be taken over by the English, the resentment of the people of the annexed states and the occasional disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah, the Mughal emperor by the English constituted the political causes. Revolt 1857 Causes. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. • On May 11, 1857, Indian sepoys revolted against the British in Meerut over the use of cartridges greased with pig and cow fat. During that period, the British Empire saw its rise and completion. They cannot rise above the rank of Subedar. Viewing the Indians as racially inferior and culturally backwards made many problems in Indians. CAUSES OF REVOLT. What were the social causes behind the struggle of 1857 ? What were the social causes for the revolt of 1857? But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. Every new recruit had to serve overseas. • Under British rule, each region became a scene of resistance and revolt. THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE REVOLT OF 1857. The soldiers had to bite the end of the cartridges to use them. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. Military Causes: The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. • The economic policies of the British resulted in ruin all the segments of the Indian society. The estates of 21,000 Taluqdars were confiscated when Oudh was annexed. The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. The whites also started interfering in the religious and … It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. The practice of sati was abolished. Next keyboard_arrow_right. Though the law was different for Europeans, all Indians were considered equal before law. The Sepoy mutiny of 1857, popularly known as the Revolt of 1857 was the first major attempt at overthrow of the British rule from India led by disgruntled sepoys or army jawans and later joined by various sections of the society like princes, zamindars, peasants, etc. Some of them were :Sati Ban ActWidow Remarriage ActThey even looked upon the reforming zeal of British officials with suspicion. General service enlistment act. British paramountcy—i.e., the belief in British dominance in Indian political, economic, and cultural life—had been introduced in India about 1820. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. The British were rude and used abusive and insultive language. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. At the same time, when some of the social legislations were passed, like, the abolition of Sati, 1829 was passed by. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. A) Delhi ------------- … In those times, crossing of the sea was in violation of the religious sentiments of many Indians. He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. With the onset of the the industrial revolution in England, many new industries came up and the dependance on Indian textiles came to an end. A rumor was spread that the cartridges were … Also, other higher ranks were reserved for the English sepoys and not for the Indians. In those times, crossing of the sea was in violation of the religious sentiments of many Indians. They were shocked when a law was passed allowing Hindu converts to Christianity to inherit their ancestral property. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: * The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. The other causes of the Revolt of 1857 were the military policies of the British. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of … The British treat the Indian soldiers very differently from their counterparts. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead … Revolt of 1857 was the 1st war of independence in India. It was not planned and organized. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. Upscguide - Causes, Outbreak, Failure open_in_new . During that period, the British Empire saw its rise and completion. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt 1857. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: the main cause of the revolt of 1857 was because the british had introduced a nwe rifle ,to shoot you have to remove the catrige with their mouth which was covered in pig and cow fat grease. the britisheres said to sepoy that they have to use cartridges coated with fat of pig and cow. 5. General service enlistment act. THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE REVOLT OF 1857. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. 3. A. • Mangal Pandey was a spokesperson of the totality of the sepoys’ anger against the British. The company introduced the Enfield rifles in the Indian army. They did not interact with the Indians and humiliated them. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Huge taxes were levied forcing the peasants to borrow money from moneylenders, who seized their lands if they failed to pay back the loan. E. Activities Of MissionariesThe Indians had a lurking suspicion in their minds that they would be converted to Christianity under the new regime. F. New LawsThe introduction of certain laws unsettled the mind of the Indians. CHurches and chaplains were established at Govt. The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. This was believed to be an attempt to undermine the caste system and privileges of the upper class. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. D. Disbanded soldiers were seething with anger and were determined to revenge. • The expansionist and annexationist policies of the British power in India made all the Indian rulers, big and small, Hindu and Muslim look with doubt and developed hate towards the British power in India. An Indian sepoy was … Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. Find the incorrect match for the centre of the revolt and associated british officer. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. The social and religious partiality of the British was unbearable. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Change in pattern of trade and commerce During the first two hundred years of its rule , the British East India Company confined its activities to trade and commerce. The causes behind the revolt of 1857 were many, religion being one of them. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt 1857. Though a failure, the revolt of 1857 made an immense influence on the mindset of Indian people, and they became conscious about the racial discrimination and exploitation of the British. • Due to their colonial policies of economic abuse, industry, trade commerce, and agriculture suffered, and India became de-industrialized, broken and in debt. India became a raw material producing country and raw material which was purchased from India at very low costs was processed into finished goods in the factories in England and then exported back to India. The unrest of the sepoys in the army of the British is the spontaneous outburst against the British officer, and it was a peak of burning displeasure in sepoys. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. 5. The social causes behind the revolt are: (1) Political and organizational Therefore, they sharply reacted. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. 20. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. It started in Meerut on 10th may 1857 Thus, it can be summarized that Indians began to doubt the objectives of the British since the advent of these legislations. There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every level of the economy. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. They were against introduction of railways as all the castes would have to travel in the same compartment. Such innovations were alien to the Indians, who became fearful of the British intentions. C. Disgruntled Zamindars and TaluqdarsThe estates of many landlords were taken over by the East India Company when the native provinces came under the company's dominion. There were many political, social, economic reasons behind it. One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. This hurt all sections of society. in 1849, Revolt of the Santhals (1855-56), Kol uprising (1831-32) etc. Later in April sepoy troopers at Meerut refused the Enfield cartridges, and, as punishment, they were given long prison terms, fettered, and put in jail. The British followed a policy of RACIAL DISCRIMINATION and looked down upon the Indians. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes; 18 SOCIAL CAUSES. As they were … Salaries were low. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… The social causes of the Revolt of 1857 were: The British introduced railways, post and telegraph in India. From the battle of Palessay in 1757, to the revolt 1857, it was a full century. the intervension of the british in people's religious believes and religious practices. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. British traders made enormous profits in this two way trade. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Revolt Of 1857 Social Causes Quick Notes on Revolt of 1857: Social Causes The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. for different reasons. I hope you will be satisfied with the Answer To your Question. Revolt Of 1857 Social Causes Quick Notes on Revolt of 1857: Social Causes The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Some glaring examples of this period are the 1813 Charter Act which conservative Indians viewed as an imposition of Christianity over them. 4. expenses , even civil and military officers propogated the Christian gospel. The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. In late March 1857 a sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked British officers at the military garrison in Barrackpore.He was arrested and then executed by the British in early April. A. 4. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … The rulers of India fell one by one before the might of the Western arms. Causes of the Revolt -New Enfield rifles required biting off greased cartridges, which the soldiers believed to be pig fat or cattle fat -Muslim's can't eat pig, and cattle are sacred to Hindus, so they rebelled because they believed the British were trying to convert them to Christianity The traders were also paid less. Change in pattern of trade and commerce? Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. Salaries were low. The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. Socio-Religious Causes of 1857 Revolt. They were considered inferior to British soldiers. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. Preservearticles - Causes of the Revolt of 1857 open_in_new . According to the rumour the enfeild rifles used the fat of two animals,namely cow and pig. And that if there was to be any interference in their religious and cultural affairs, then that would generate widespread revolts against the British rule and the newly established British rule would be uprooted very easily. Chapter 1.04 The Freedom Struggle of 1857, Chapter 1.04: The Freedom Struggle of 1857 - Exercise [Page 20], Balbharati History and Civics 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, SSC (English Medium) 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Greased cartridges were to be used in these rifles. Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. Dissatisfaction at the workspace and the continuing abuse and low wages also marked important reasons for the revolt. The dispossesed landlords found themselves without a source on income, ashamed to beg,unable to work and thus condemned to penury. They were shocked when a law was passed allowing Hindu converts to Christianity to inherit their ancestral property. The soldiers had to bite the end of the cartridges to use them. Dissatisfaction at the workspace and the continuing abuse and low wages also marked important reasons for the revolt. 19. Greased cartridges were to be used in these rifles. The sepoys were unorganized, but they could create the sensation of the need for independence among Indians. 1. They were against introduction of railways as all the castes would have to travel in the same compartment. 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