Myrobalan plums are small round fruits that look like red or yellow cherries. Juicy and aromatic; sweet rich, plum-like taste. However, broken and diseased branches should … This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … Japanese plums tend to bloom in late winter or early spring, making them more susceptible to loss of flower buds from frost, a circumstance that prevents fruit set. According to Jim Kratz at Tuscola Conservation District's U. S. Department of Agriculture Service Center, the Shiro plum is one of the best plums available. Moongold: plum-size apricot with golden skin and flesh; sweet, sprightly flavor. Although the plum is juicy, it has a firm flesh, making this a popular variety to eat fresh. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. Apart from growing small cherry-like plums, these plum trees are popular backyard ornamental types of fruit trees. We recommend it … There are around 40 species of plums, and a single plum tree can yield around 100 lbs. Hybrid trees that incorporate the attributes of both plums and apricots (P. armeniaca) can also be good choices for a home orchard, notes the University of California Master Gardeners of Inyo & Mono Counties. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. However, the deep red-colored flesh is very sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. Types of European plums are usually very sweet with juicier flesh and are used in baking or for making jams and jellies. Also, the soft flesh of the fruit means that it doesn’t travel well, so you will usually only find these plums sold in France. Tree is valued as an ornamental and fruits consistently. These are commonly called European plums (P. domestica) and Japanese plums (P. salicina), advises Texas A&M Extension. Plum fruits are a type of drupe because they have a stone in the middle that’s surrounded by soft, sweet or tart flesh. Eat fresh or use for preserves. They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. Depending on the variety of plum, a single plum measures between 0.7” and 2.7” (2 – 7 cm). One of the benefits of growing friar plum fruit trees is that they have a long harvesting time. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Its fruit ripens in September and is freestone, with good flavor when eaten fresh, dried or canned. The most popular variety in the United States is the ‘Improved French Prune’ that makes some of the finest and sweetest prunes you can eat. Black and Red is how they are described there. The greengage plum is one of the few green varieties of plums when they are ripe. A European type of plum tree may be the best choice if your area is prone to frost during the spring months. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Mirabelle plums look similar to apricots as they have bright yellow-orangey skins. All three varieties have fruit ready to harvest between June and July. ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. Depending on your location, one type may be a better choice for you. All plums are excellent when eaten fresh, but European types tend to have a higher sugar content, making them the best choice if you want to sun-dry fruits and keep them for long periods. Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. Some types of plums have a red sour flavored-skin that surrounds sweet juicy yellow flesh. Growing Plums: At CREC we selected four varieties of plums commonly available from nurseries and have added the American plum hybrid released by the USDA Plant Materials Center, Bismarck, ND. The common name blood plum refers to the deep red color of the skin and flesh. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. This juicy plum has reddish-black skin that surrounds yellow flesh. Their high sugar content means that these round fruits are excellent for making jellies, jams, and baked goods. The Shropshire Prune was also the best-known variety of damson plum in the United States. ! The ‘John W’ plum variety has deep red-purple colored skin that surrounds deep orange flesh. The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. Fruit is small to medium, sometimes with a light blush skin. Other yellow plums include the Early Golden -- an extremely sweet and juicy variety -- the Golden Nectar and the Mirabelle. They can have black, purple, red, or yellow colored skin. This tree grows in USDA zones 3 through 8 and bears fruit when cross-pollinated by any other hybrid plum. If your area is not subject to early spring frost, a Japanese variety may be the best choice... European Plum Varieties. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. Damsons are usually ripe for harvesting from late August until October. The intensely sweet, juicy flesh also makes this a perfect plum for snacking on. Elephant Heart plum. The other type of massive dark-skinned plum is the ‘John W’ cultivar. This freestone plum variety has green-amber juicy flesh that turns a deep fuchsia color when cooked. The firm flesh and tart skin holds up well in cooking and baking. The plum trees can grow as small garden shrubs or small decorative fruit trees. The dark, smokey skin has hues of purple and light blue that covers dark amber flesh. This group has generally luscious, sweet-flavored fruit. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. This is a good option if you are looking for the sweetest plum variety. 4. Growers can cross these types of fruits to create new types of deliciously sweet stone fruits. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. There are many varieties of plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Japanese plums are the most common fresh plum available for sale due to a longer shelf life than European plums. ‘Black Splendor’ plums live up to their name—they have a fantastic sweet taste. The purple-blue skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh that has a sour taste. ... Brazos blackberries, long the favored variety, are still good.) Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. Satsuma plums are a semi-clingstone variety, meaning that the flesh partially clings to the stone. The sweet varieties of Myrobalan plums are delicious when eaten fresh. Sometimes dark-skinned Moyer plums are sold as Italian prunes or French prunes. You will find out about the best plums for eating fresh and about the ones that are tastiest in cooked and baked food. Blue Damson – The Blue Damson is an old variety, renowned for its superb preserves and baking characteristics. It’s rare to find these plum trees growing outside of France. Flesh is firm, yellow green with a rich, sweet flavour. These sweet plums have light orangey-amber flesh that covers a small pit. Greengage plum trees blossom in spring, and the bumper crops are ready by late summer and early fall. The French Prune Plume tree produces fruit that is ready for harvesting in late summer. Biting into these delicious stone fruits reveals a dark burgundy flesh that covers the large pit in the middle. It is a small blue plum with a yellow flesh. Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. Although pluots closely resemble plums, they are exceptionally sweet and tend to be less acidic and have finer-textured flesh than pure plums. Variety: Year: Features: Ripens: Alderman: 1986: Fruit is burgundy red with golden yellow, sweet, juicy flesh. The most useful cultivars to grow in … 'Green Gage' is also self-fruitful but has greenish-yellow plums that are sweet and juicy and ripen in July. Use fresh, canned or for jam. European plums are more resistant to frost damage since they tend to bloom later in the spring, when frost danger has passed. Many varieties of plum trees grow well in Virginia. The flesh is so soft and juicy that some say it’s almost like drinking juice. This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. Maturity Chart. The Best Plum Varieties to Start the Season Though plums are more or less available year round, they really start to hit their stride when the summer months begin to roll in. Cutting open the soft skin reveals sweet amber flesh and a stone in the middle. Simca (simka) plums are a variety of large, heart-shaped plums that have deep reddish skins with blueish-purple dusty waxy coating. Santa Rosa – best known low chill Plum Burgundy and the Methley – well-known for their flavor and productivity Pluerry are a Plum/Cherry cross that have stepped up the flavor expectations for a low chill fruit selection. The best tasting plum variety to grow in a Southern California home garden is ‘Santa Rosa’. Early to midseason harvest. aka European Plum An excellent, early eating, European plum with oval, medium sized dark bluish black fruit. They have high sugar content, and notoriously large amounts of dietary fiber that have a … In the United States, plum varieties that dehydrate without fermenting are called prunes. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. The flesh of the Stanley plum is tender, fine-grained, and turns a beautiful purplish red when canned. One of the reasons why this type of plum is a popular variety for eating fresh is that it’s a freestone variety. (Harvest dates are approximate … (Other plums include Bruce, Morris and Ozark Premier.) Hints of tartness from the black skin combined with the sweetness of the beet-colored flesh make these plums a variety to look for. CAMBRIDGE GAGE. Search AC Nursery. Damsons are a popular dark-skinned European variety of plum that has tart-flavored flesh and skin. BLUE TIT. The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. Some popular cultivars are ‘Blue Violet,’ ‘Shropshire Prune,’ Common Damson,’ and ‘Frogmore.’. Prune these trees more severely. Plums are multi-branched, medium-sized, upright to spreading trees that will grow in a wide variety of well drained soils. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. These trees grow pretty well in Virginia, provided you choose the right variety. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. European plums (Prunus domestica) are generally the easiest to grow, and a wide range of these firm-fleshed, freestone types are available for home gardeners. Plum Variety Trials European, Asian and hybrid plums can all be grown successfully in our area. These medium- to large-sized plums have a round shape. Sweet black plums are often dried to create prunes. One of the most complex fruits on earth gets even more complicated as their peak season offers more varieties and an overall richer fruit. If the flesh feels hard or doesn’t give slightly, you need to wait until it ripens. Does a Satsuma Plum Need Cross-Pollination? As its name suggests, the elephant heart plum is a large, heart-shaped stone fruit. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. Late August: La Crescent: 1923: High-quality yellow plum. The Stanley Plum tree produces a sweet, rich flavored European plum that makes it possible to dry the fruit without being pitted. Plum Varieties Taste Best Early Varieties. Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. If your area is not subject to early spring frost, a Japanese variety may be the best choice for you. Bullace - strictly a cooking plum. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. Emerald Beaut The king of all plum varieties is Green!! It needs another Japanese tree for pollination and has red-skinned plums with dark red flesh. Although called a satsuma plum, they have nothing to do with the citrus fruit. You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. That’s the one I would plant if I could have a plum tree where I live. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. If the plums are still hard and unripe, you can put them in a paper bag at room temperature to speed up the ripening time. However, you can plant Mirabelle plum trees in your garden if you want to grow some of the sweetest plums available. Although all plum trees belong to the genus Prunus, two main species are suitable for growth in... Japanese Plum Varieties. It needs pollination by another European tree and is suitable for USDA zones 4 through 9. A variety called 'Black Ice' (Prunus hybrid 'Black Ice') is a good example of this type of tree. Abundance' This purple-red Japanese plum has tender yellow flesh that softens quickly. Excellent for fresh fruit, stewing and jam. The trees are smaller than normal and very hardy, they are also ornamental. The ‘French Prune’ is a type of fresh plum that is perfect for drying to make prunes. The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. Clingstone. It’s at this time when the fruits are at their sweetest. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Although Italian prune plums are suitable for eating fresh, most of the harvest is dried to create prunes. The varieties are: ‘Pembina’, ‘Pipestone’, ‘Toka’, ‘Waneta’ and ‘Prairie Red’. Considered one of the best. Most Japanese black plums are clingstone varieties. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. POPULAR PLUM TREE VARIETIES IN THE UK. Even with its firm amber-colored flesh, this plum has a sweet flavor. This plum variety is classified as a Japanese plum variety, and they taste delicious when eaten fresh. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. Compared to other dark-skinned plums, the ‘Black amber’ has firm flesh and distinct tartness to the taste. Black plums get their name from the dark purple skin that surrounds their flesh. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. The reason I like this plum so much is that the flavor is very sweet when fully ripe and soft, but with a twang to it that makes it just the best … There are several cultivars in the damson subspecies Prunus domestica insititia. Plant in a … Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. ‘Black Beauty’ plums have an excellent balance of sweetness with only hints of tartness. You can tell if the plums are ripe by gently squeezing the skin. This sweet and sour taste combination makes damson plums excellent for using in savory or sweet dishes to add a bit of tartness. Yellowish-green! Brownish-red skin with specks and dots; yellow to orange flesh. These types of plums have firm flesh and are often eaten fresh. As with most Japanese varieties of plums, Simca plums are larger and juicer. Moorpark: this large apricot was developed in the eighteenth century. These Japanese plums tend to be larger in size than European red plums. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. These trees are called "pluots" or "plumcots," with the terms generally used interchangeably. CZAR. Stanley plums are excellent for fresh eating, canning, preserves and drying. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. The dark-red skin covers golden-yellow flesh that has a pleasantly sweet flavor. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. Moyer plums tend to ripen late in the season. Methley plum, a good pollinator, both for itself and for other plum varieties. Your fingers should leave a slight indentation if the fruit is ripe. These plums ripen later in the season than ‘Owen T’ plums. Mid to late varieties do best in southland areas. Quince. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension, University of California Master Gardeners of Inyo & Mono Counties, Texas A&M Extension: Plums, Nectarines, Apricots, Cherries, Almonds & Prunus Hybrids, Missouri Botanical Garden: Prunus domestica 'Stanley', North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension: Prunus salicina 'Burbank', University of California Master Gardeners of Inyo & Mono Counties: Demystifying Pluots, Apriums and Other Stone Fruit Hybrids. Will grow in … plums are ripe offsets the bitter-tasting skin in July the pit. And juicy, it is just slightly soft, it has small purple fruits with that. Round plum is the ‘ John W ’ plum variety offerings variety of which... Blue Violet, ’ ‘ Shropshire Prune was also the best-known variety of medium to large size are. Red or yellow on it fruit trees > plum varieties is green!! June and July surrounds yellow flesh and are good cooked and jammed small blue plum with a long time! 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