Satyavati (Sanskrit: सत्यवती, Satyavatī) (also spelled Satyawati), or Setyawati was the queen of the Kuru king Shantanu of Hastinapur and the great-grandmother of the Pandava and Kaurava princes (principal characters of the Mahabharata, one of the principal texts in Hindu mythology).She is also the mother of the seer Vyasa, author of the epic. The hawk took the seed in its mouth and started flying towards the palace. Satyavati is the great-grandmother of the Pandava and Kaurava princes, principal characters of the Mahabharata, one of the principal texts in Hindu mythology. Vasavi means "daughter of king Vasu". The Mahabharata, Harivamsa and Devi Bhagavata Purana assert that Satyavati was the daughter of a cursed apsara (celestial nymph) named Adrika. The seed fell in to the waters of the river Yamuna. In their tussle, the leaf dislodged itself from the beak and fell into the waters of the Yamuna below! This fish was caught by the chief of fishermen, who adopted her as his own daughter, as he had no children. Some time later, some fisherman belonging to Uparichara's kingdom caught this fish. Satyavati gave birth to two sons. He was a friend of Indra, and by his blessing, had conquered the kingdom of Chedi. When the Devas beheld this, they were worried. Her other birth name, Satyavati, means "truthful"; satya means "veracity". He promised to visit his mother to help her in times of emergency. Long ago lived a king named Uparichara Vasu of Chedi Kingom. He first son, Chitrangada was killed by a Gandharva soon after he came to throne! Satyavati’s life was not smooth! She was called Satyavati and as she lived with the fisherman,she came to be called Matsyagandhi-one with the smell of fish! Later, king Santanu fell in love with Satyavati and she married him on condition that her children should be the heirs to the throne. Sage Parasara recounted to her the events of her previous birth and the future events also! Vyasa was born in an island of Yamuna and hence called “Dwaipayana”. There was a river named Suktimati that flowed in Uparichara's capital. Bhishma presented Satyavati to Shantanu, who married her. Her birth name, Kali (the dark one), indicates her dark complexion. He was also in the habit of visiting Indra in heaven, riding his crystal chariot in the sky. In spite of his spirituality, the great sage could not contain himself and wanted to wed her! Initially Satyavati did not agree, telling that if others would see them, then her purity would be questioned. The sage Vyasa was born of this union. Satyavati, there upon, satisfied Sage Parasara and gave birth to Vyasa Maharshi who is described as “Parasaratmajam”! It was possible for great Maharshis to grant such boons as they had extraordinary yogic and spiritual powers! Intent on performing tapas, he took leave of his mother Satyavati and left her! Satyavati was in a dilemma and didn't know how to prevent the extinction of the dynasty or clan. Later, when she yielded to the desire of the sage Parasara, he transformed her fish-odor into a divine fragrance, which gave her the name Yojana-Gandha (one who scatters her scent for a Yojana [measure of distance] around). As per the prediction, Satyavati gave birth to Jamadagni whereas her mother gave birth to Vishwamitra. (The story of her birth is told in more detail here.) The elder one Chitrangada was killed in his early age by a Gandharva. This girl was Satyavati, the mother of Vyasa and the great-grandmother of the Pandavas and Kauravas. According to the Harivamsa, Satyavati in her previous life was Achchhoda, daughter of the Pitrs (ancestors) and cursed to be born on earth. She is also known as Matsyagandha (one who has the smell of fish). Story of Parashuram’s Birth As per Bhagavata Purana, King Gadhi of the Kusa dynasty had a daughter named Satyavati. The Mahabharata, Harivamsa and Devi Bhagavata Purana assert that Satyavati was the daughter of a cursed apsara (celestial nymph) named Adrika. The King could not conquer the desire for his beautiful wife, which was burning in his heart. Satyavati The Birth of Dhritarastra, Pandu and Vidura After the last funeral rites were performed for Vichitravirya, Satyavati wept and lamented for her deceased son. It was seen by another hawk, which mistakenly assumed that it was carrying a piece of meet. It was then that Devavrata, (Bhishma) King Shantanu's’ first son through Ganga, took a vow that he would never marry to facilitate her children becoming kings! Today, I am going to tell the story of birth of Satyavati, second Queen of Shantanu. As soon as the boy took birth, he transformed into a full-grown Rishi. Incidentally he traces the astonishing story of the origin of Satyavati and how from being “Matsya Gandhi” she became “Yojana Gandhi” miraculously! She was the daughter of a great king called Uparichara Vasu who ruled the country righteously. Later, when she yielded to the desire of the sage Parasara, he transformed her fish-odor into a divine fragrance, which gave her the name Yojana-Gandha (one who scatters her scent for a Yojana [measure of distance] around). Shantanu (Sanskrit शंतनु, śaṁtanu, also शांतनु , śāṁtanu or śāntanu) was a Kuru king of Hastinapura in the epic Mahabharata. Discreet and wise Satyavati felt that she would lose her virginity if she satisfied the Maharishi! She remembered the promise of her son Vyasa and summoned him to solve the problem! He then beheld a hawk sitting on the tree and addressed it thus: "O King of the birds. Vyasa was born in an island of Yamuna and hence called “Dwaipayana”. At least propagate My knowledge if not practice it... 10 Bhagavad Gita Shlokas which changed my life. of extreme sensation he ejected! Since she was born inside a fish, she had an odor of fish about her. Because of that supreme self sacrifice and severe lifetime vow, Devavrata came to be called “Bhishma”! One day, she helped Parashara to cross the river Yamuna. Satyavati asked what is 'Niyog'? She took it up and soon the fish was caught! The river sought the protection of the King. According to the Harivamsa, Satyavati in her previous life was Achchhoda, daughter of the Pitrs (ancestors) and cursed to be born on earth. All rights reserved, On the Auspicious Occasion of Gita Jayanti, The four MahaVakyas of the Upanishads in English, Being human is the first step toward spirituality: Micro-poems in Hindi, SANKARA'S SURRENDER (Soundarya Lahari 100), Failures and success are part of our life. She appealed to the sage to consider this aspect properly. Exhibiting her inclination to satisfy Sage Parasara, Satyavati blushed crimson and objected to the presence of many sages on the opposite bank! Satyavati was wonderstruck. She assisted her father by running a … He chose the boy to be brought up in his household and gave the girl to be brought up by the chief of the fishermen. However, due to the union of the mountain and the river, twin children, a boy and a girl were born. We may live in a different yug but a child born outside the wedlock is still called a mistake. My wife Girika is awaiting my embraces in my palace. The seeds for the Mahabharatha and the terrible Kurukshetra War were sown so early!!! Thus her name associated with fish-- Matsya Gandhi became “Yojana Gandhi" whose sweet fragrance could be felt from thousands of miles! With great effort Ambika was convinced that it was for the good of the world. In this condition the new born son is called of died husband's son and protects his family. (The story of her birth is told in more detail here.) According to their advice, the King returned to his kingdom, and resumed his rule. They are secrets that are let out as confessions with anonymous names and faces. Much later, the five sons founded kingdoms named after themselves and established their dynasty. They took them to the king Uparichara Vasu when he adopted the man and he later became Matsyaraja! She was as good as gold and as gentle as lamb. There was a fish in this water, which was really an Apsara named Adrika, who had been transformed into a fish by a Brahmana's curse. In the “Amsavatarana parva” of the Adi parva of the Mahabharatha, sage Vaisampayana narrates to Janamejaya the story of the origin of Kuru clan and the birth of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. Her other birth name, Satyavati, means "truthful". How can she go home and face her father after losing it! (Since he wandered in high places, he got the name of Uparichara). Most of us are familiar with the story of the Mahabharatha and how the great sage Vyasa was born. … Since Satyavati was born inside a fish, she had an odor of fish about her. She was of great beauty and when sage Parashar saw her he asked her to embrace him . Satyavati then approached Ambika, explaining to her things. Check Full Background Profile to see if Satyavati has lawsuits, liens, evictions or bankruptcies. “ “Beauty provoketh thieves sooner than gold”. She assisted her father by running a … This is a classic western painting that has become symbolic of … At this moment, the Pitris (dead ancestors) of Uparichara came there and asked the King to slay deer, to be used in their monthly remembrance ceremony. Once, a neighboring mountain range called Kolahala was maddened by lust and attacked this river. Bhishma told Satyavati ' in purana if husband died but he has no son then high quality sage or gods can sex with the died husband's wife for giving birth son and protect husband's generation . After giving birth to Jamadagni turned into a river named Kaushiki. Share Via Email. So the Devas led by Indra approached the king, and by soft speeches, succeeded in turning his heart away from ascetism. Catching her intention immediately, the Sage created dense fog which darkened the entire region. She is nevertheless a commoner, daughter to a ferryman or fisherman. As the King could not disobey the orders of his Pitris, he set forth immediately on the hunt. Indra gave him his own garland, which was made of lotuses that were ever-blooming as a mark of his friendship and favor. Through Vyasa’s grace Gandhari gave birth to a hundred children who were the Kauravas. King of Heaven or King of Devine Abode or Swarga Loka 1. On its way the eagle was attacked by another hawk! Last Modified At: Tue Oct 19 20:21:38 2004. Since she was born inside a fish, she had an odor of fish about her. That story is told here. Satyavati was the mother of Vyasa maharshi and he was also called as ‘ Badarayana and Krisha Dwaipayana. Veda Vyasa Birth – A Story That Resonates Even Today. The king wanted to test Sage Ṛcīka. It was said that Indra himself would be present in the festivities, in the form of a swan and accept the homage offered to him. Adrika was transformed by a curse into a fish, and lived in the Yamuna river. Miraculous, the child was born instantaneously. The child born was dark in color. Vasu made the boy the commander-in-chief of his army. By the grace of the Lord of heaven, the kingdom flourished and was untroubled by enemies. While wandering in the forest, he came upon an alcove of Asoka trees. During her youth, Satyavati was a fisherwoman who used to drive a boat. Satyavati was born inside a fish. Long ago, there was a king named Uparichara, also known as Vasu. The boy later founded the kingdom of Matsya (Matsya=fish). With a last kiss, Parashara went to bathe in the river. Desire struck them both. He was fond of hunting for sport. two daughters of Kasi Raja, Ambika and Ambalika, died childless! Satyavati was still disappointed and told Vyasa that after Ambika gives birth to the child that he should return and impregnate her once more so that she will also have a son with eyesight.Vyasa agreed and then left for the forest. He was a very valorous and virtues king. dynasty, and was also known as Vasu. Sage Ṛcīka asked the king for beautiful Satyavati in marriage. On one occasion, river Sukthimati presented two children, a male and a female to the king! Her parents named him Krishna. The renowned Sage Parasara happened to come on his travel and spotted Satyavati and instantly fell in love with her and her bewitching beauty! Their king Indra became afraid that Uparichara was performing this penance to obtain his post. In later course, as a partial incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Parashurama took birth as the son of sage Jamadagni. Birth. The Pitrus approached Uparichara Vasu and wanted him to drive away the wild beasts from the forest! Thus were born three sons Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura! There was a divine fragrance in the air. He called an eagle and directed it to take the leaf and give it his dear darling wife Girika! According to the Mahabharata, he was the son of Satyavati, daughter of a fisherman chief and the wandering sage Parashara, who is credited with being the author of the first Purana, Vishnu Purana. If they can perform these austerities, then they will give birth to noble children. He will soon come here and conceive a child by you that will perpetuate our dynasty. At her request the sage changed his prediction. One fine spring day, Girika and Uparichara were together in a garden in his palace. The Apsarasa was released of the curse and left for heaven! © 2020 Times Internet Limited. He was a friend of Indra, king of Devas and greatly respected. Once he was out in the forest on hunt. The King was in a dilemma. In due course of time, five sons were born to Uparichara. Vichitravirya died issueless. Birth and early life According to the Harivamsa, Satyavati in her previous life was Achchhoda, daughter of the Pitrs (ancestors) and cursed to be born on earth. They lived happily for a time and planned for the birth of a child when the unexpected thing happened! [1][7][8][9] In the Devi Bhagavata Purana, Satyavati's premarital first-born, Vyasa, laments that his mother abandoned him to fate immediately after birth. He was a descendant of the Bharata race, of the Lunar dynasty and great-grandfather of the Pandavas and Kauravas.He was the youngest son of King Pratipa of Hastinapura and had been born in the latter's old age. Her second son Vichitravirya, though he married the. Once she became pregnant, the Apsara was freed from the curse and her spirit left the body of the fish. Let one of the queens, dressed in clean clothes and decorated with ornaments; wait for me in her bed room. Later, King Shantanu met her at her father's house and married her. 3.BIRTH OF SATYAVATI,THE MOTHER OF VYASA ... became famous monarch named matsya and the girl was given to the fisherman who had a smell like fish and she was named SATYAVATI . The Maharshi replied that she would retain her virginity even after satisfying his desire! The Mahabharata , Harivamsa and Devi Bhagavata Purana assert that Satyavati was the daughter of a cursed apsara (celestial nymph) named … Birth of Krishna Dwaipayana. The Mahabharata, Harivamsa and Devi Bhagavata Purana assert that Satyavati was the daughter of a cursed apsara (celestial nymph) named Adrika. The Birth of Pandavas. One Apsarasa (Divine damsel) Adrika by name, cursed by the creator Brahma, was moving about as a fish in Yamuna waters! The river gave them to the King in gratitude for his protection. When they cut open the fish, they found twin children, a boy and a girl. He instituted the tradition of a festival to Indra to honor the Devas. He was enchanted by her beauty and wanted a heir from her. The fished swallowed this seed and became pregnant as a consequence. She requested that her name should be changed. Uparichara chased the mountain away, kicking it with his foot. This fish was caught by the chief of fishermen, who adopted her as his own daughter, as he had no children. Satyavati, there upon, satisfied Sage Parasara and gave birth to Vyasa Maharshi who is described as “Parasaratmajam”! When the right time came for conceiving a child, Satyavati took Ambika to the bed chamber and told her, Vichitravirya had an older brother who has been, until this time, unknown to you. Bhishma performed the marriage of Vichitravirya with the daughters of the king of Kasi, Ambika, and Ambalika. If applicable, further details may be provided. The sage Vyasa was born of this union. At night under the moonlight he got fascinated to uncontrolled desire of being with wife Ginika. The daughter, named Girika (daughter-of-the-mountain), became his wife. He was an ascetic, learnt scholar and great follower of sages and Brahmanas. This is an auspicious time for begetting children. Strangely, on cutting it, they found a man and woman to their shock and amazement! The woman was given away to a fisherman to be adopted as his daughter! Thanks A2A. According to the Harivamsa, Satyavati in her previous life was Achchhoda, daughter of the Pitrs (ancestors) and cursed to be born on earth. 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