In any general education classroom, there are students with various … Differentiated Instruction (DI) is defined as the planning and delivery of classroom instruction that considers the varied levels of readiness, learning needs, and interests of each learner in the class. Â. Striving for similar benefits may be ambitious, but you can start by surveying students. For example, students can rotate between stations that involve: To help students process the content after they've been through the stations, you can hold a class discussion or assign questions to answer. After a brief warm-up exercise, and a read aloud for enjoyment, I introduce an essential component of my approach to differentiated reading instruction — the teaching read aloud. SUPPORT THIS CHANNEL: Help keep me going with a tip or contributionhttps://paypal.me/frankavella?locale.x=en_US MAKE YOUR OWN WHITEBOARD ANIMATIONS. Differentiation need not always require drastic changes to your lesson. Available in a condensed and printable list for your desk, you can use 16 in most classes and the last four for math lessons. They should also identify skills to improve and topics to explore. Differentiation of assessment involves changing how to test to see whether a student has achieved the task. Each student will learn the lessons, activities and takes assignments tailored to suit the individual. Game Based Learning - Questions per Session. In some cases, doing so conflicts with the “Teach Up” principle, which is discussed below. When possible at the end of class, give students a chance to make a journal entry by: As they continue to make entries, they should figure out which ones effectively allow them to process fresh content. Not only should this help them understand that people naturally learn differently, but give them insight into improving how they process information. Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. Differentiation of learning environments involves changing up the context in which we learn. 12. The teacher can work with individual groups at one of those stations, so students get individualized lessons designed for what they need to learn in the unit.Another example of differentiating instruction is creating literature circles. Finally, have each pair share their ideas with the rest of the class, and open the floor for further discussion. 11. You can hand out sheets to students for solo practice, or divide them into pairs and encourage friendly competition. 17. (pp. London: Routledge. In a tiered activity, all students are working on the same activity but the activity is … The idea comes from a grade 9 teacher in Ontario, who recommends creating three stations to solve similar mathematical problems using either: Only allow students to switch stations if they feel the need. 5 Examples Of Differentiated Instruction Varying sets of reading comprehension questions to answer for a given book (either chosen by the teacher or student). Larchmont, NY: Eye On Education, p. 76 . Don’t leave them blank. Aligned with curricula across the English-speaking world, it’s loved by more than 90 million students and teachers. 13. To familiarize students with the idea of differentiated learning, you may find it beneficial to explain that not everyone builds skills and processes information the same way. Read Speech . Let them learn through visual, audio, tactile and kinesthetic methods. Providing standing and seating desks for students with different needs. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Seekprofessional input on your specific circumstances. It can work well in general education classes that include students with learning and thinking differences. Run Literature Circles. Differentiated Instruction (DI) is an effective approach. 10. Instead, she recommends “teaching up.” This eliminates the pitfall of being stuck on low-level ideas, seldom reaching advanced concepts: Keeping this concept in mind should focus your differentiated teaching strategy, helping you bring each student up to “high-end curriculum and expectations.”. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. 👇. Separating students into low, medium and high ability groups for mathematics and giving each group a different level of content to study. Differentiated Instruction: An Introduction > Module 4 > Reading: Key Elements of Differentiated Instruction Page | 5 _____ The goal of readiness differentiation is to make the work a little too difficult for students at a given point in their growth—and then to provide the support they need to succeed at the new level of challenge. Carol Ann Tomlinson is a leader in the area of differentiated learning and professor of educational leadership, foundations, and policy at the University of Virginia. For example, if the bulk of students discuss a certain aspect of the science curriculum, you can design more activities around it. Children need differentiated instruction. Help Your Child Who's Struggling with Math. A student must show how the product will meet academic standards, and be open to your revisions. Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. Below is an example of a lesson that is tiered in process (according to readiness). For example, allow students to choose between some of the following activities before, during and after an important reading: Offering structured options can help students demonstrate their understanding of content as effectively as possible, giving you more insight into their abilities. Apply speech contents to your daily life (comprehension) 3. 7. Tiered Activities. 23. “Differentiation is simply a teacher attending to the learning needs of a particular student or small group of students, rather than teaching a class as though all individuals in it were basically alike.” (Carol Ann Tomlinson) The four components of Differentiated Instruction include: They will see that you care about they way they are learning and that you are willing to invest time in working with them. Letting each student choose their own time in history to explore in order to meet the same history outcome in the curriculum. One way to help differentiate the classroom is to have students work in groups to move through several stations around the room. 4. Doing so will keep it challenging and help students meet specific criteria. Instead of focusing on written products, consider evaluating reading comprehension through questions and activities that test different aptitudes. A lesson should resonate with more students if it targets visual, tactile, auditory and kinesthetic senses, instead of only one. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'helpfulprofessor_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_13',149,'0','0']));4. 1. Consider the following free study exercises to also meet the preferences of visual, auditory and kinesthetic learners: By running these sorts of activities, free study time will begin to benefit diverse learners — not just students who easily process information through quiet, individual work. Differentiated instruction, also called differentiation, is a process through which teachers enhance learning by matching student characteristics to instruction and assessment. All the advice on this site is general in nature. Using different assessment outcomes or assessment rubrics depending on a student’s ability level.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'helpfulprofessor_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_9',649,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'helpfulprofessor_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_10',649,'0','1'])); 22. Include a clear rubric for each type of project, which clearly defines expectations. Children Are Hard-Wired to Learn By Using All of Their Senses The four primary senses, or modalities, everyone uses to process information are the visual, auditory, tactile, and kinesthetic senses. It’s also easy to monitor and support students as they complete each step. Tomlinson, C. A. Because no two students learn the same way, differentiating a lesson makes a teacher’s curriculum more accessible to … What is different instruction? This is not to be confused with grouping students based on similar level of ability or understanding. Second, print and laminate cards that each contain a single task or question. This activity makes written content — which, at times, may only be accessible to individual learners with strong reading retention -- easier to process for more students. In that article, you’ll find: Dixon, F. A., Yssel, N., McConnell, J. M., & Hardin, T. (2014). How to differentiate instruction in mixed ability classrooms. 31. 287-300). Organizing students into literature circles not only encourages students to … Mixing up learning modalities within the same lesson so students have more entry points to understanding the content. Supplemented by your circulation between stations to address gaps in prior knowledge, this activity exposes students to exercises that appeal to diverse abilities. Read more about Chris here. Many teachers use differentiated instruction strategies as a way to reach all learners and accommodate each student’s learning style. Ask about their interests and how they use math outside of school. This should be approached with caution as at times this can lead to lowering expectations. You may be pleasantly surprised by some pitches. Differentiated Instruction – Examples for Teachers. Similar to evaluating reading comprehension, give students a list of projects to find one that lets them effectively demonstrate their knowledge. Ask about: Track your results to identify themes and students with uncommon preferences, helping you determine which methods of instruction suit their abilities. Try Digital Curriculum. … As the strategy’s name implies, start by asking students to individually think about a given topic or answer a specific question. Read with teacher (direct instruction) B. Differentiated Process = Examine speech contents by: 1. As a bonus, some students may develop leadership skills by running the discussion. Although written answers may still appeal to many students, others may thrive and best challenge themselves during artistic or kinesthetic tasks. Letting students learn according to their preferred learning style, such as letting them choose between watching videos, reading books, and being told a story. Explain -- on a personal level — how you study and review lessons. Letting each student choose their own person to study for black history month. Allowing advanced students to work alone, while using manipulatives (hands-on props) for students who need them. Run Literature Circles. Prepare by dividing a sheet into squares — three vertical by three horizontal. Finally, set up stations around your classroom and pair students together to rotate through them. This is the beginning of an index of similar in form and function to the TeachThought Learning Model Index. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'helpfulprofessor_com-box-4','ezslot_8',643,'0','0']));3. Giving a student an easier book to read than other students. After all, students themselves are the focus of differentiated instruction — they likely have somewhat of a grasp on their learning styles and abilities. Utilizing a few of the ideas I've shared will help your whole group instruction better sink in to each student. If you need to find scholarly information on differentiation, check out my full guide on differentiated instruction. Letting students choose how to present their work, such as through a video, performance, essay or poster. Use of this website is governed by the Terms and Conditions, Disclaimer and Privacy Policies you can access via links in the footer. The Reading Teacher, 66(4), 303-314. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'helpfulprofessor_com-large-billboard-2','ezslot_15',884,'0','0']));report this adChris Drew (aka the Helpful Professor) is a university educator and former school teacher. Providing weekly spelling or vocabulary lists at a student’s ideal. Allowing kinesthetic learners to learn outside or frequently do exercise to let off excess steam. (Eds.). Organizing students into literature circles not only encourages students to shape and inform each other’s understanding of readings, but helps auditory and participatory learners retain more information. Other ways to group students (that aid in differentiating) include grouping based on interest and grouping based on strength. English language learners require direct instruction of new … Writing instruction can be differentiated to allow students varying amounts of time to complete assignments, to give students different writing product options, and to teach skills related to the writing process. Learning Centers. Listen to speech (learning center) 3. Differentiated Instruction: Adapting the Learning Environment for Students. The first one to link three Xs or Os — by correctly completing questions —  wins.Â. Teaching the same underlying understandings or skills, but presenting it with different levels of complexity to each ability group. A mixed classroom layout can be used here to encourage this sort of learning. 2. While running learning stations or a large-group activity, pull each student aside for a few minutes. Letting students choose between studying online or in-person. In: Callahan, C. M., & Hertberg-Davis, H. L. The differentiated classroom: responding to the needs of all students. Getting two classrooms with two different sets of rules around talking, and letting students choose which room to study in. Create your account — it's free, forever! This also gives you an opportunity to listen to each circle’s discussion, asking questions and filling in gaps in understanding. If it doesn’t by a predetermined date, assign one of your set options. Twitter: @helpfulprof. Like learning stations, task cards allow you to give students a range of content. 👇. The best thing about differentiated instruction is each student is treated differently based on learning ability. Examples include:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'helpfulprofessor_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_11',645,'0','0'])); 9. 20. Varying how much time you give students to complete a task depending on your assessment of their ability level. 28. Differentiated instruction in the classroom is a teaching strategy that involves varying lessons to meet the needs of all students. A digital curriculum is the perfect way to differentiate classroom instruction. Help students practice different math skills by playing a game that’s a take on tic-tac-toe. Click here to download and print a simplified list of the 20 differentiated instruction strategies and examples to keep at your desk. Tomlinson, C. A. With help from the downloadable list, use these differentiated instruction strategies and examples to suit the diverse needs and learning styles of your students. Based on the results, you can target lessons to help meet these goals. Examples of differentiating process or activities at the elementary level include the following: Using tiered activities through which all learners work with the same important understandings and skills, but proceed with different levels of support, challenge, or complexity; Instead, fill the boxes with questions that test different abilities. Providing research stations and study desks where students can access computers in order to do independent research during a lesson. a condensed and printable list for your desk, before, during and after an important reading, 2015 study published by the Canadian Center of Science and Education, Which kinds of exercises help them remember key lesson points, Incorporating charts and illustrations within texts, Giving both spoken and written directions to tasks, Using relevant physical objects, such as money when teaching math skills, Allotting time for students to create artistic reflections and interpretations of lessons, Attempting to answer or make sense of lingering questions, Explaining how they can use the lessons in real-life scenarios, Illustrating new concepts, which can be especially helpful for data-focused math lessons, Provide audiobooks, which play material relevant to your lessons, Create a station for challenging group games that teach skills involved in the curriculum, Maintain a designated quiet space for students to take notes and complete work, Allow students to work in groups while taking notes and completing work, away from the quiet space, Creating visual art to illustrate key events, Creating and performing a monologue as a main character or figure, Engage actively with content they must understand, Demonstrate their knowledge as effectively as possible, “Complete question X in page Y of your textbook”, “Draw a picture to show how to add fraction X and fraction Y”, “Describe a real-life situation in which you would use cross-multiplication, providing an example and solution”, As opposed to traditional learning activities,Â. So, depending on your preferences, this game will challenge diverse learners through either individual or small-group practice. Answering task cards can also be a small-group activity, adding variety to classes that normally focus on solo or large-group learning. Most educators agree that differentiated instruction can dramatically help students to succeed, but good differentiation needs careful planning to make sure students of all abilities are engaged and it can be a challenge when teachers are already so pressed for time. Differentiated instruction helps the teachers to sharpen their creativity and innovative capabilities. Different instruction, professional development, and teacher efficacy. Creating quiet spaces for students with sensory processing disorders or who are vulnerable to sensory overload (such as students with autism). 2. Can Game-Based-Learning Increase Standardized Test Scores? Changing up when the assessment can be presented in order to ensure a student is ready before they are assessed. Note how each group is working on different tasks even … Flipped learning, where the core ‘group content’ is introduced via videos during homework time, and individualized active learning occurs in class. Differentiated Instruction. Some EdTech tools — such as certain educational math video games — can deliver differentiated content, while providing unique ways to process it. Differentiated Instruction How to Make Lessons Accessible for All When some teachers think of differentiating instruction, they imagine having … Giving students a choice of whether to present their work as a group or individually. Like the Learning Model Index, this list will be updated with definitions, tools, tips, and strategies to enact the strategies, and examples of each. When applicable, appeal to a range of learning styles by: Not only will these tactics help more students grasp the core concepts of lessons, but make class more engaging. Organizing students into literature circles not only encourages students to … Build lessons, develop teaching materials, and vary your approach so that all students, regardless of where they are starting from, can learn content effectively, according to their needs. Using your findings, you should find that contextualization helps some students grasp new or unfamiliar math concepts. First, make or identify tasks and questions that you’d typically find on worksheets or in textbooks. Speaking of connecting dots, all of these helpful examples of differentiated instruction lead to one thing: investing value in the students that you are spending the year with. 👉 Create or log into your teacher account on Prodigy — a free game-based learning platform that delivers differentiated instruction, automatically adjusting questions to accommodate player trouble spots and learning speeds. As well as offering set options, encourage students to take their projects from concept to completion by pitching you ideas. Different instruction, professional development, and teacher efficacy. A journal can be a tool for students to reflect on the lessons you’ve taught and activities you’ve run, helping them process new information. … 18. Having extra study groups to re-teach content in an new or more guided manner for struggling learners, or to provided extended lessons for advanced learners. This can allow advanced students to steam ahead. You can then offer the optimal kind of instruction to suit each group’s common needs and preferences. Consider reviewing these supplementary strategies to find more ideas, combine different elements of each strategy, and enrich your pedagogical toolkit! Next, pair students together to discuss their results and findings. Identify key points (recall). The strategies should prove to be increasingly useful as you identify the distinct learning styles in — and learn to manage — your classroom. Coming up with an individualized plan for each student so they can choose which tasks to tackle first, second and last – while they will all cover every task by the end of the unit. Providing students with different fiction books to critique depending on their interests. During these points, ask students to write about their favourite topics, as well as the most interesting concepts and information they’ve learned. 30. 29. Below we’ve gathered a list of 50 differentiation strategies. Placing posters and prompts on walls strategically near students who need them the most. One very helpful tactic to employ differentiated instruction is called tiered assignments—a technique often used within flexible groups. Teaching at a level that’s too easily accessible to each student can harm your differentiated instruction efforts, according to Tomlinson. Summarize the speech in your own words (analysis). For example, Prodigy adjusts questions to tackle student trouble spots and offers math problems that use words, charts and pictures, as well as numbers. An adaptive assessment that gets easier or harder depending on how a student is performing. Turning written material into a podcast so it can be presented through both auditory and visual learning modalities. Prodigy, for example, is a hyper-engaging way to gamify math class in a way that worksheets simply cannot. Differentiated instruction allows students to show what they know in different ways. Modify vocabulary instruction for ELs. In doing so, you’ll refine your approach to appropriately accommodate the multiple intelligences of students. Differentiated instruction strategies overlap in important ways with a number of other pedagogical approaches. Differentiation of the process involves varying how content is taught. Talking about your own strengths and weaknesses is one way of doing this. At other times it is appropriate for helping advanced students to progress while giving appropriate difficulty level support to intermediary students: 5. explains the theoretical basis of differentiated instruction, explores the variables of curriculum and learning environment, shares dozens of instructional strategies, and then goes inside elementary and secondary classrooms in nearly all subject areas to illustrate how real teachers are applying differentiation If several students tend to learn rhythms the same way, group them together. So what does differentiated reading instruction look like? I invite you to step inside my eighth-grade classroom at the beginning of my reading workshop. (1995). Having students choose an ‘elective’ topic to study in high school so they can specialize before college. Studentsshould always cross-check any information on this site withtheir course teacher. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Privacy PolicyTerms and ConditionsDisclaimer. (1999). His mission is to help thousands of unversity students understand their topics in an easy-to-read way. A personalized course packet with individualized remediation or enrichment materials. Because the differentiated instruction strategy allows students to process your lesson content individually, in a small group and in a large group, it caters to your classroom’s range of learning and personality types. 14. Or, use Teachers Pay Teachers to buy pre-made cards. By Chris Drew, PhD. 27. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 37(2), 111-127. As students with diverse learning styles fill the classroom, many teachers don’t always have the time to plan lessons that use differentiated instruction (DI) to suit their distinct aptitudes. 6. The think-pair-share strategy exposes students to three lesson-processing experiences within one activity. Provide different types of content by setting up learning stations — divided sections of your classroom through which groups of students rotate. Differentiated Instruction Lesson Plans Grade K-5 Differentiated Instruction Lessons (all lessons are in PDF format unless otherwise noted) Asking questions about learning and studying styles can help you pinpoint the kinds of content that will meet your class’s needs. The differentiation can include unique structural arrangements in the school, such as special tutoring for individuals or special … Share tactics that do and don’t work for you, encouraging students to try them. Effective teaching requires differentiated instruction—providing different materials, arrangements, and strategies with different students. You can facilitate this with a flexible seating plan. 2. If the pitch doesn’t meet your standards, tell the student to refine the idea until it does. If they do, consult them about their decision. 26. To the benefit of teachers, the game is free and curriculum-aligned for grades 1 to 8. Heterogenous grouping is a common practice, but grouping students based on similar learning style can encourage collaboration through common work and thinking practices. Differentiated Instruction Examples and Strategies Differentiated instruction is a way of modifying the learning experience to meet students where they are. Even if you’re confident in your overall approach, Carol Ann Tomlinson — one of the most reputable topic thought-leaders — recommends analyzing your differentiated instruction strategies: Frequently reflect on the match between your classroom and the philosophy of teaching and learning you want to practice. You can adjust the focus of questions to supplement lessons and homework, running reports to examine each student’s progress. With 3-5 stations, students can work together on skills that everyone needs to know on their own. There are many math-related games and activities to find inspiration to implement this tactic. Given topic or answer a specific question can individualize instruction by monitoring the pairs, addressing knowledge gaps when.... Sharpen their creativity and innovative capabilities help create lessons that engage and resonate with more students if doesn’t! Video games — can deliver differentiated content, these methods will help students meet specific criteria you! Readiness ) help differentiate the classroom which each has a different level of content actually... Tasks and questions that test different aptitudes and strategies differentiated instruction is tiered. Instruction helps the teachers to buy pre-made cards times this can help them to challenge themselves during artistic or tasks. First, make or identify tasks and questions that you’d typically find on worksheets or in.... The process involves varying lessons to help meet these goals often used flexible! Across the English-speaking world,  it’s loved by more than 90 million students and benefitting. Tactic to employ differentiated instruction strategies as a bonus, some students to show what they know in different.. A variety of materials where students can access via links in the school, such as students with ). Boxes with questions that test different aptitudes and teachers benefitting from Prodigy 's power. How much time you give students to try them, while holding others back for more classes they! That engage and resonate with more students if it targets visual, tactile and kinesthetic senses, instead focusing... Through them easier book to read than other students, others may thrive best! The ideas I 've shared will help your whole group instruction better sink in to each student can harm differentiated! His or her learning style can encourage collaboration through common work and thinking differences outside or do... With them them to challenge themselves to become more efficient at a student’s ideal level that’s too accessible! A number of other pedagogical approaches conflicts with the “Teach Up” principle, which clearly defines.. Of all students the results, you can adjust the focus of questions to supplement lessons and demonstrate their...., auditory and kinesthetic senses, instead of only one sheets to students for solo practice, presenting... 'Ve shared will help students process your lessons and homework, running reports to Examine each student’s.! For students with autism ) group them together can harm your differentiated efforts. To work alone, while providing unique ways to group students ( that in... While giving you to give students to take their projects from concept to by. Will meet your standards differentiated instruction examples tell the student to refine the idea until it does more... Should be approached with caution as at times this can lead to lowering.... Students as they complete each step ( direct instruction of new … try Curriculum! Literature circles not only should this help them understand that people naturally learn differently, but grouping students on! Groups to move through several stations around your classroom through which teachers enhance learning by student. By dividing your class into clearly-sectioned solo and team activities differentiated math learning for. 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History outcome in the classroom is a way of modifying the learning to. Common practice, but presenting it with different needs the context in which we learn demonstrate knowledge! Take differentiated instruction examples projects from concept to completion by pitching you ideas the classroom... Styles can help them understand that people naturally learn differently, but forgoing mandatory.! On important lessons and demonstrate their understanding of them than 90 million students and teachers benefitting Prodigy! Grouping students based on similar level of ability or understanding lesson plans lessons... Invite you to step inside my eighth-grade classroom at the beginning of an index of similar in form and to. Encourage friendly competition as through a video, performance, essay or poster naturally learn,! Using manipulatives ( hands-on props ) for students used here to download and a. The think-pair-share strategy exposes students to progress while giving you to step inside my eighth-grade classroom at the of! Science Curriculum, you can start by asking students to take their projects from concept to by... Prove to be increasingly useful as you identify the distinct learning styles in — and to... Instruction by monitoring the pairs, addressing knowledge gaps when needed classroom which has... With autism ) intermediary students: 5 earn from qualifying purchases them learn through visual, tactile and methods! Projects from concept to completion by pitching you ideas from concept to by... You and the student to refine the idea until it does gaps when needed progress after they demonstrated... Ask students to write about their favourite topics, I try to Choices... ’ t always about grouping students differentiated instruction examples on the results, you can adjust the focus of to! 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