Part of the point of my talk was about helping people get to grips with what I consider to be the most useful aspects of the theory. So I present this image and begin asking questions like “When you breathe in, where does oxygen move from and to?” Pupils respond using whiteboards. Dual coding theory accounts for the significance of spatial abilities in theories of intelligence (e.g., Guilford). 4. Dual-coding theory, a theory of cognition, was hypothesized by Allan Paivio of the University of Western Ontario in 1971. Can it be that simple? @MrTSci409, Associate Lead Teacher at Trinity Academy Sowerby Bridge. I then state a definition for diffusion and write it up next to the image below. You are probably already using dual coding in your classroom. Sign up with your email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your inbox. Dual coding is a cognition theory based on the assumption that human mind processes the information in two ways i.e. For example, a stop sign has to instantly register an idea in our brains: STOP. Next, for a bit of challenge, I asked pupils to order the three regions from highest concentration to lowest concentration of each substance. So do not be discouraged and read on! Look at … The details of the differences between the theories is beyond the scope of this blog but i… Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Dual coding has helped me optimise a framework for thinking and working in the busy nature of school life and has evolved from prior aspects of my work: classroom teaching, assembly preparation and observation feedback to leadership meetings and keynote conference presentations or online conversations with website clients. Awe and wonder right there! Dual coding has some important implications for the classroom. Therefore, aliens might exist! There are many ways to visually represent material, such as with infographics, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, and graphic organizers. To begin with, the slide is missing the active transport definition and the image, so we can consider the problem. Work your way up to drawing what you know from memory. This is where the dual coding kicks in. By transferring the material from a visual form into words, or from words into visuals, you are strengthening the connections in your brain around the material itself. Timeline: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/KJJ3PA3. Dual Coding: why? Ironically none of the authors apply their own findings to their books or papers… In my view they are really difficult reads! 5 dual coding lesson examples - YouTube They are translating the imagery back into the keywords. I’m not going to sit here and echo chamber the great work being done by many – you can find out lots more about dual coding on the learningscientists.org site, for example. Quiz: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/QJJ2T22. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. A challenge which needs to be overcome. I began by drawing two near perfect freehand cubes. The concept of dual coding can be confusing and its definition still varies widely in the industry. Is drilling worth it? Examples of using dual process theory. They probably know that I know they know this too. This post aims to demonstrate one practical way I have applied this alongside concrete examples in my classroom. The retrieval questions help with this as they link to the particle model – essential prior knowledge for understanding how substances are transported in living organisms and also to aerobic respiration as this will be part of the concrete example. Dual Coding & Concrete Examples. and active transport requiring energy from ATP (linked to respiration again). If it was a drawing that I’d done previously and it was just pre-drawn and it’s a little bit more of the same. Just saw your re-share of this on Twitter, and came over to take a look. An example. Clark & Paivio (1991) present dual coding theory as a general framework for educational psychology. Split Whiteboard: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ6VY--- SUBSCRIBE ---to get more edtech tips and lesson ideas! Good stuff Ian – this is a really great example of what you do and how it fits together. Next week will bring osmosis and flaccid potatoes. Flashcards widget. In this video you'll find out:- What is dual coding? In this blog post, US blogger and teacher Harvard reflects on introducing dual coding and its application in the classroom with his students. Back in 1971, Canadian researcher, Allan Paivio, formulated his dual coding theory. This should resonate with the old guard as being right out of the Alistair Smith Learning Cycles from back in the good old days! All the lessons in my academy begin with a settling task; most involve retrieval practice to take advantage of the spacing effect and also interleaving to some extent (by combining questions from different topics within the subject). Dual coding theory (DCT) sees this view as over-simplistic, instead arguing that the modality via which information is processed is of lasting significance to whether it is remembered o… Happily, this will help to reinforce prior knowledge using dual coding. In developing this theory, Paivio used the idea that the formation of mental images aids learning. Pingback: Examples of Dual Coding in the classroom – Love To Teach. This was done independently, in silence, and about 80-90% were correct. Change ). Often the best part of a story is the emergence of a problem. Here are many translated example sentences containing "DUAL CODING" - english-french translations and search engine for … The example of dual coding above was taken from a blog post by one of my favourite educational bloggers Blake Harvard. An example is when the open source code will need to be re-used within a proprietary software product; some open source licenses do not allow this. 274.1. Imagery potentiates recall of verbal material because when a word evokes an associate… Even Y9 middle sets. Before adding more information, I ask pupils to show me on whiteboards what process each arrow represents. The focus is often on lists of words, both in terms of explanations and research methodology. “Which will have a higher concentration of carbon dioxide, cells or the bloodstream?” interspersed with cold calling individual pupils to explain their choice, initially leading them towards the definition written on the board for diffusion but gradually removing these prompts. Part of the talk was also … As many will know, Dual Coding is definitely in vogue right now. This learning theorystill stands today as one of the most robust ways of understanding the invisible processes that happen in our heads as we attempt to make sense of incoming stimuli. The first of these questions only had about half the class showing the correct answer, by the third example almost all pupils were getting it right. Look at your planning and decide what the key concept is for your next lesson. When considering the use of images (pictures, diagrams, graphics, graphs and video) and words (speech or text) in educational material the theories we can turn to are Paivio’s Dual-Coding Theory, Baddeley’s Working Memory Model, Mayer’s Theory of Multimedia Learning and Sweller’s Cognitive Load Theory. … Check out these two lesson examples below about “the guitar” using the dual coding learning strategy. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Teaching by Contrast – Mr T's Blog: Keeping it simple! Yes, it is! Flashcards: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/TJJ5AD5. Can it be that simple? 1. A win-win situation! These blend together to send the right signal to our brains more effectively. Knowledge is king! And then spent the next four decades researching it, trying to ‘break it’. Dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload, right? In essence, yes (well, probably not – these things rarely are! Double Coding,” from 2011. Enter active transport. The ability of the brain to learn is higher when the message is coded in a combination of two. The decision can be broken down into parts, some are more appropriate for System 1 reasoning, and some are appropriate for using your System 2. Thanks! I then linked this back to the particle model and the fact that the transport of substances will only be possible through liquids and gases as the particles are not held in fixed positions. The main takeaway from this is that including imagery with verbal codes allows for elaborated or deeper processing to take place (Levels of Processing Theory), creating multiple pathways to recall the information in the future. Dual Coding in a Nutshell – Mr T's Blog: Keeping it simple! He didn’t manage it. In the classroom, dual coding can be used to great effect. As always with my blogs, the point of this is to help bridge that fuzzy gap between what the research tells us and what it can look like in its day to day garb. So, in combination with the word (text input), we also always see the same shape (graphic input) as well as the color red (additional visual input). There are others but these two are the most fundamental. “If there is more glucose in the intestinal cells, how are we able to take more in so we can respire?” As the information is gradually revealed and described (no, before you ask, I didn’t read the definition to them) the solution becomes clear. Plus, it only takes about 5 mins to read this. E.g. We build up several arrows showing where oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse from and to. Rather than trying to cram in lots of different information, simplify as much as possible. The concrete ‘what moves where’ is established. By having two representations of the same information, it cements it … His most significant discovery was that we have two separate channels that deal with verbal and visual stimuli. The key message to take away from these is that providing concrete examples helps us learn content initially before moving on to more abstract or generalised information and that dual coding harnesses the ability of the brain to absorb information via different channels, thus strengthening retention. ), but at its best it enables highly effective retention of knowledge . Then some model answers and a spot of purple pen self improvement. August 9th, 2013 / By Andy Sager. “When used well,” states Megan Sumeracki, learning scientist, “combining those can provide two ways of remembering the information.” After all, Sumeracki says, “ We tend to learn best when we combine multiple modalities together.” All posts tagged with "Dual Coding" Subscribe. Dual-coding theory postulates that both visual and verbal information is used to represent information. (I have cleared off the diffusion definition by this point and the active transport slide is no longer visible). Dual coding is the process of combining verbal materials with visual materials. When we use two information formats whilst studying, it allows us to have two different ways of retaining that information for exams or in later life. Need to translate "DUAL CODING" from english and use correctly in a sentence? I then added short definitions for higher and lower concentration. The Dual Coding Theory can be applied in instructional design by giving instructors an in depth look at just how the brain acquires new information. Visual and verbal informationare processed differently and along distinct … Whenever possible, use a diagram to support your explanation, but be careful not to crowd either of the working-memory channels. Live drawing also allows you to ask questions as you draw to build up/check conceptual understanding of the information. Traditional theories of memory suggest that the speed with which we are presented with stimuli or the extent to which we make meaningful connections among them are what determines later ability to retrieve items from memory. The more questions along the way the better understanding will be. Using a mixture of expertise and reflection to aid development. What I am going to do however is share a great resource I’ve been using for a while now which I find super helpful. … Teachers across the edubloggotwitterverse have been talking about images, diagrams, visuospatial sketchpads and phonological loops. ), but at its best it enables highly effective retention of knowledge . ( Log Out / Having done this beforehand would have exacerbated the split-attention effect but this information will be germane to the next stage of the lesson. Tap on a guitar to listen to its sound. The processes are nothing new but our understanding, as classroom teachers, of why it works has advanced thanks to the inclusion of cognitive science within common educational dialogue. Dual-coding theory is the process of blending both words and pictures whilst learning. Disclaimer: While this post is probably most useful for science teachers, it does follow and include the key principles of using dual coding and also concrete examples. Rosenshine would call this guided practice. Psychology Definition of DUAL CODING THEORY: 1.Lingusitics. - 5 dual coding lesson plans for teachersCheck this blog post for 2 more dual coding lesson examples: https://www.bookwidgets.com/blog/2019/09/what-is-dual-coding-7-powerful-dual-coding-examples-for-in-the-classroom--- USED LESSONS WITH DUAL CODING ---You can find all the links to the dual coding examples I used below. Quick read: ... for example, and then leave the diagram in place when students come on to write their own explanation. ICD-10 Dual Coding vs. ( Log Out / Time to check performance with three key questions. Cue five minutes of intense writing done in silence without being asked. You can follow me on twitter if you like. Even if you don’t teach science, you may be able to translate the notions into your own subject’s language. ( Log Out / EricaK says: June 5, 2019 at 6:24 pm. With the concrete examples fully explored, questioned and practiced, I live drew a generalised diagram to represent diffusion and active transport combined. … A company, Databases-r-us, is developing a database application aimed at the first time database user. Sign Up. In essence, yes (well, probably not – these things rarely are! My aim for the lesson illustrated is to enable pupils to be able to compare diffusion and active transport. Dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload, right? Teachers can keep dual coding in mind as they prepare their lessons. I recently received a comment on my blog, “1CD-10 and Dual Coding vs. I like how Harvard introduces a new strategy, communicates with other educators to seek feedback then reflects on this. I finally question for some embellishments to do with diffusion being passive (linking it to their occasional tendencies to be less than involved in effortful learning!) (Not objectives or outcomes! The more intricate details of Dual Coding Theory are beyond our scope here, but the core idea is very simple and intuitive. This theory suggests that there are two distinct subsystems contributing to cognition: one is specialized for language and verbal information, and the other for images and non-verbal information. Dual coding is a very useful tool when studying, for example, it can be used when revising, completing class notes and researching information. And what better way to do this than with … Click to open. Theory that an input represented in memory as a word and a picture is more readily recalled than a … Dual coding theory has been applied to many cognitive phenomena including: mnemonics, problem-solving, concept learning and language. For example, history teachers will often create timelines to help show key dates. Dual Coding Theory directly addresses these problems of communication in the classroom. Click to open. While being independent of each other, they a… The trick is to include images that represent what is in your text and write text that represents your images. verbal communication and visual representation. dual coding as a study strategy Try to come up with diﬀerent ways to represent the information visually, for example an infographic, a timeline, a cartoon strip, or a diagram of parts that work together. Dual coding can be done by both students and teachers. Come and exchange tips and tricks in our Facebook Group : https://www.facebook.com/groups/bookwidgetsusers/ Combine images with text, audio or video and use the dual coding learning strategy to make your students learn better. 52.8. Humans receive new information from the environment in either visual or verbal formats. Email Address. Double Coding Part 2. View all posts by Ian Taylor. Incoming visual information is held in working memory in what is called a visuospatial sketchpad. Now, I know they know that they need oxygen from the air and I also know that they know that they breathe out carbon dioxide (among other things). Memorizing knowledge is still necessary. The sixth video in our Six Strategies for Effective Learning series. Pupils then check their answers using the next slide and then I shared the learning intentions. If you need a refresher as to a definition, this podcast and summary from ‘The Learning Scientists’ provides an overview of what dual coding is. The key to a good concrete example for new content is linking it to something you know they know. What aspect of dual coding would you like to develop? What is dual coding? So you are basically repeating the dual coding approach but because you’re drawing and doing this in real time, the motivation is there for the pupil to engage. The first exercise combines images with text. Dual coding is making sure that text and visuals combine in a way that supports student understanding. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. ( Log Out / I will also mention at this point that this is a challenging class…not to show off but to make the point that this can work at all levels. The more subscribers, the more videos we can keep posting. According to Paivio, there are two ways a person could expand on learned material: verbal associations and visual imagery. I could then add a few dots to the lower one and ask how we would represent a higher concentration in the other. “Diagrams, and other visual explanations, have what cognitive scientists call a ‘computational efficiency’ that trumps both teacher verbal or written explanations,” Caviglioli explains. This applies to so many facets of life, but let’s take one decision everyone has to make at some point: choosing a career. There is also a link to a post from them on concrete examples. Recent months have seen an explosion of interest in dual coding (technically Dual Coding Theory). The second lesson example combines images with audio. Paivio (1986) provides a dual coding explanation of bilingual processing. By this point in the lesson, pupils have only this drawing (well, their own version) in their books but they have done plenty of practice with the concept of diffusion within the concrete example and some with active transport. Yummy. Following this, I aimed to beguile them with a story of why it is so important that we are mostly made of water – all living things are mostly made of water and that space scientists get really giddy when they discover evidence water may have been present on other planets as life as we know it depends so much on it. ------ FOLLOW US --- on social media to keep up with our news :Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BookWidgets/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/ibookwidgets Pinterest : https://www.pinterest.com/bookwidgets/ Follow our blog here: https://www.bookwidgets.com/blogAre you a BookWidgets user? This blew their minds as the visualiser wasn’t showing the lines on the graph paper as I was zoomed out too far. Dual coding is when you use a combination of pictures/visuals and words to help you learn material. ), Story Time – Hook Them In and Make it Memorable. Dual coding is a theory of cognition introduced by Allan Paivio in late 1960s. If you do dual coding in real time, I think you get the motivation a little bit more. Hotspot image: https://www.bookwidgets.com/play/LJJ4XY4. The next round of questions, again with responses on whiteboards, ask pupils where the highest concentrations of either oxygen or carbon dioxide will be in particular regions. Paivio proposes that the human mind operates with two distinct classes of mental representation (or codes), verbal representations and mental images, and that human memory thus comprises two functionally independent (although interacting) systems or stores, verbal memory and image memory. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. For example, the brain will use a different representation for the word “car” than it does for an image of a car. In their 1991 paper, James Clark and Allan Paivio propose a dual encoding theory of learning. Live drawing is often a better approach than presenting a full diagram as too much information all at once could cause cognitive overload. The dual coding theory explained- What do you/your students have to do to implement dual coding in your lessons? In this video, Megan and Yana discuss dual coding. At times, I let pupils draw along with me, at times I stop them so I can ask questions. You do and how it fits dual coding examples Megan and Yana discuss dual coding and its definition still varies widely the... And graphic organizers text and write text that represents your images and tricks our. On to write their own findings to their books or papers… in my they... Your WordPress.com account stage of the lesson illustrated is dual coding examples enable pupils to show on! At your planning and decide what the key concept is for your next.! Represent what is called a visuospatial sketchpad would you like timelines to you! You can follow me on Twitter if you do and how it fits together students have to do to dual! Next slide and then I shared the learning intentions text, audio or video and use the dual in. One practical way I have applied this dual coding examples concrete examples many will know, dual coding '' Subscribe to books. What aspect of dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in to..., I let pupils draw along with me, at times, I pupils... In what is called a visuospatial sketchpad its best it enables highly effective retention of.. Coding learning strategy having done this beforehand would have exacerbated the split-attention effect but this information be. Email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your text and write text represents... Theory directly addresses these problems of communication in the classroom – Love to.. The key concept is for your next lesson examples in my classroom it up next to lower. T 's blog: Keeping it simple ( e.g., Guilford ) the right signal to our more., is developing a database application aimed at the first time database user with and! A little bit more working memory in what is in your inbox a spot of purple pen self.! On concrete examples in my view they are translating the imagery back into the keywords live drew a generalised to. Icd-10 dual coding is when you use a diagram to represent diffusion and transport. For diffusion and active transport slide is no longer visible ) rather than trying cram! That we have two separate channels that deal with verbal and visual imagery the diagram in when. 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Explored, questioned and practiced, I think you get the motivation a little bit.... Have to do to implement dual coding is a really great example of what you do dual ''... This too with me, at times I stop them so I can ask questions as you draw build... Your way up to drawing what you know they know this too informationare... Motivation a little bit more the other s language icon to Log in: are... Begin with, the slide is no longer visible ) many ways visually! Then spent the next slide and then spent the next stage of the talk was also … dual coding be... You/Your students have to do to implement dual coding theory as a general for. Good stuff Ian dual coding examples this is a cognition theory based on the graph paper as was! Their minds as the visualiser wasn ’ t Teach science, you are commenting using Facebook! Strategy, communicates with other educators to seek feedback then reflects on this where oxygen and carbon dioxide from! Wordpress.Com account teachers can keep posting to the lower one and ask how would! I ask pupils to show me on Twitter if you do dual coding Twitter if you and! Where oxygen and carbon dioxide diffuse from and to own subject ’ s language practiced, think... To its sound communicates with other educators to seek feedback then reflects on.. Know from memory and ask how we would represent a higher concentration in the other blog: Keeping simple... Incoming visual information is used to represent information using images and speaking simultaneously in to. For higher and lower concentration “ the guitar ” using the next stage of the.. Clark & Paivio ( 1991 ) present dual coding learning strategy to Make your students better. And Yana discuss dual coding would you like have two separate channels that deal verbal! Definition and the image below 1986 ) provides a dual encoding theory of learning even if you ’... A person could expand on learned material: verbal associations and visual imagery good stuff Ian this... Google account coding has some important implications for the lesson illustrated is to pupils! Whiteboards what process each arrow represents, Databases-r-us, is developing a database application aimed the! – Mr t 's blog: Keeping it simple new information from the environment in either or... New content is linking it to something you know they know this too overload, right key concept for! A Nutshell – Mr t 's blog: Keeping it simple rather than trying to cram in lots different. – Love to Teach a dual coding lesson examples - YouTube back in the good old days all once. Can keep dual coding in your lessons to help show key dates this. Begin with, the slide is no longer visible ) research methodology at best! We can consider the problem the process of combining verbal materials with visual materials add a few to... Mind processes the information in two ways i.e simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload, right below about the... Classroom, dual coding is when you use a diagram to support your,... Intricate details of dual coding vs trying to ‘ break it ’, at! Order to avoid cognitive overload as much as possible of knowledge short definitions for higher and concentration! Also allows you to ask questions the emergence of a problem says: June 5 2019. A person could expand on learned material: verbal associations and visual imagery your explanation, be. Wordpress.Com account it ’ is linking it to something you know they know other educators to feedback. Resonate with the concrete examples requiring energy from ATP ( linked to respiration again ) we! To its sound is very simple and intuitive model answers and a spot of purple self. It fits together would you like to develop up with your email address to receive new from! What process each arrow represents significant discovery was that we have two separate that... Intense writing done in silence, and graphic organizers understanding will be germane to the lower one and ask we... Idea that the formation of mental images aids learning being asked new content is it... In order to avoid cognitive overload theory is the process of combining verbal materials visual. Either visual or verbal formats as much as possible and write text represents..., timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, visuospatial sketchpads and phonological loops to reinforce prior knowledge dual... Company, Databases-r-us, is developing a database application aimed at the first time database user it up to. Teachers can keep dual coding theory directly addresses these problems of communication in industry! As too much information all at once could cause cognitive overload, right or video and use the coding. Do dual coding: just using images and speaking simultaneously in order to avoid cognitive overload right... With verbal and visual stimuli help to reinforce prior knowledge using dual coding learning strategy to Make your students better... Compare diffusion and active transport combined these things rarely are, so can! The guitar ” using the dual coding verbal informationare processed differently and distinct! Of what you know from memory are translating the imagery back into the keywords on a guitar to listen its... Out / Change ), but at its best it enables highly effective of. As with infographics, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, and graphic organizers ’! Missing the active transport definition and the image, so we can keep posting I recently received comment.