The continued involvement of the military somewhere in some manner is not a result of its failure, but rather a grim necessity in this new, globalized age of digitally enabled extremism. See our, The Shipwrecked Book: Mark Lilla's Nostalgic Prison. 8 tough transition for the Millennial generation, and while that may be true, the reality is Millennials that join the military do not represent a cross-section of American society, nor their generation. In April 2011, just over forty years after the Stanford University faculty voted to kick the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program off campus, the Faculty Senate voted in favor of inviting ROTC programs back. One need only look at the McCarthyist paranoia of the 50s or the Vietnam protests of the 60s to see that a rejigging was already underway which (we can see now) would come to fruition after 9/11. We need fresh minds to approach the world as it is today and discover how a smarter and savvier military can make it better. Without understanding the basics of military structure and culture, millennials are liable to underappreciate the positive contributions of some service members, misattribute blame for failures to others, and, overall, fundamentally misconceive the nature of the military and its relationship with civilian policymakers and civil society. They understand that the military is a very hierarchical organization but may not be able to explain the difference between a second lieutenant and a lieutenant colonel. Understanding Sept. 11 and its cultural impact is crucial to understanding almost every foreign policy and military decision that has happened since. It’s still unclear how military and business leaders can adapt their traditional command-and-control operating models to make millennials feel comfortable. As of 2015, about 72 percent of active duty personnel were millennials. Its adherents understand the one-thousand years of Revelation 20 to represent the entire span between Christ’s first and second advents, in which Jesus reigns from the right hand of the Father. Your gift helps advance ideas that promote a free society. Flag officers, on the other hand, interact much more frequently with their civilian counterparts. As we watched the towers fall, we found ourselves face to face with a new enemy. Even mid-to-senior-level officers (O-4 to O-7) have the opportunity to do Pentagon rotations and engage with civilian defense officials. The vote followed a yearlong process of study and heated debate that engaged a wide array of student groups, faculty, and the university administration in conversations over issues such as the military’s inclusiveness and the academic rigor of ROTC programs. Become engaged in a community that shares an interest in the mission of the Hoover Institution to advance policy ideas that promote economic opportunity and prosperity, while securing and safeguarding peace for America and all mankind. Likewise, millennials estimated the overall strength of the military to be nearly 11 million, or roughly one in 30 Americans of all ages, when in reality the number is closer to 2.3 million, or roughly one in 140 (CM1T 58). We are proud to join a military branch with a heritage of victory in the air that allowed victory on the ground. Rather, we need to look at the cultural rejigging about what war and the military entail in the unique contexts of the twenty-first century. Who could doubt the greatness of a military that had become back-to-back World War champions? Today, thanks to such rejigging, personal debt loads are a reality unthinkable to our forebears. While these are important topics worthy of scholarly attention in their own right, if they are to be more than interesting intellectual exercises, curricula must be redesigned (or new classes added) that emphasize interactivity in the classroom and interaction with service members through, for example, class trips to nearby bases or meetings on campus with visiting officers and enlisted personnel. Are they fulfilling the role of protecting the nation? ), General James Mattis (Ret. The USSR was a thing of the past. The reality that is slowly settling in on us is that the conflict in which we've been engaged since 9/11 will likely continue indefinitely in multiple forms. Just as they can learn a great deal from a lieutenant colonel, students could learn a great deal from a sergeant major with twenty years of experience literally making the planes run on time. What's missing from such discussions is how millennials have both inherited and reacted against a set of assumptions and norms by which the role of the military in the world is understood. Matthew Crawford's notion of "cultural jigs" provides a helpful entryway into this current conundrum. In 2006, there were only modest generational differences on whether good diplomacy or military strength is the best way to ensure peace. Unfortunately, the data do not point to an obvious explanation for why the military seems to receive the benefit of the doubt from young people. Comment Magazine is powered by Cardus | 185 Young Street, Hamilton, ON, L8N 1V9 | www.cardus.ca | 1-888-339-8866, You can unsubscribe at any time. The Aspen Institute’s Franklin Project, whose mission is to enable and encourage all young adults to spend a year doing public service, could be a potential partner in this endeavor. The law’s repeal lent momentum to the nascent push for a reconsideration of ROTC and Stanford’s relationship with the military and also precipitated similar discussions at Harvard, which was to welcome back ROTC at around the same time. The military is meeting its numbers—they always want a better quality recruit or cadet—but they consistently get the numbers they need. Despite what the pundits might say, the answer is not simply millennial-bashing. Twelve percent of millennials report that a military isolated from society is a good thing, more than any other age group (CM2T 24). On the surface, joining the military might seem like a. ), and Colonel Joseph Felter (Ret. One of the primary conclusions we draw from the YouGov data is that millennials exhibit some skepticism about the US military as an institution while showing notable respect for men and women in uniform. He currently resides in Florida, and enjoys a good game of basketball and the health benefits of regular coffee consumption. However, the practical realities of life at the military academies—with their intense, intricately planned schedules of classes and military training—may make such an extended exchange impossible. They are least likely to work with a veteran (CM2T 4). At first glance, the idea may seem absurd. The fact that we are still fighting today, however, speaks much more to the complexity of the terrorist threat than the efficacy of our foreign policy. The U.S. military, and many corporations, rely on effective chains of command — on leaders who give orders and people in the field who execute them. Because of this, some do not identify with their generation; this coincides with most millennials having a lack of exposure and … Each of these affect Millennial spirituality and religion. Public Views of the Military. Faculty luminaries such as former secretary of defense William Perry, former secretary of state Condoleezza Rice, and historian David Kennedy led the push to reconsider and reinvite ROTC to campus, while student groups such as Stanford Students for Queer Liberation (SSQL) and Stanford Says No to War (SSNW) led the opposition to reintegration. During peacetime, service members could apply to spend six months or one year working as instructors with Teach for America or builders with Habitat for Humanity, serving side-by-side with civic-minded civilians. This lack of basic knowledge comes through clearly in the survey data. How effective can the military be if it can't win the war? In our college careers, we benefitted immensely from the presence of “warrior-scholars” on campus. This request typically takes a few seconds. Another option would be to allow active-duty service members to participate in long-term civilian service programs while stationed stateside. They’re less religious, less likely to have served in the military, and are on track to become the … Convinced that there was a market for studying military issues, we started organizing. Our work on this issue has done much to shape our sense of what it means to be a young person in the United States and our understanding of what opportunities and responsibilities our citizenship entails. But it is by no means clear to millennials exactly what military intervention should entail, or where, or for how long. and Anna Ivey point out in their New York Times op-ed “Fix the New G.I. ", So, it is not surprising that, if we were to say to millennials that they should serve in the military, many would respond with the signature question of their generation: "Why?". They require a steady stream of affirmation and feel entitled to things they haven't earned. As mutually assured destruction loomed overhead, the threat of communism spread amid a litany of mass killings and proxy wars. While both these explanations probably have some truth to them, the second offers a much clearer path to improving the civil-military relationship amongst millennials, one that we explored at Stanford. Bill,” the predatory practices of these institutions are leading to higher rates of student loan defaults, an issue that only complicates a veteran’s smooth entry into the civilian workforce. Millennium Space Systems says an experiment launched to space on Nov. 19 will show that a small satellite with a deployable tether can safely deorbit in about 45 days. [Morten G Ender; David E Rohall; Michael D Matthews] -- Captures the views, values, and attitudes of today's youth -- the Millennial generation -- towards the military, war, national defense and foreign policy matters. A millennial that was born in the early 1980s is by this point coming to the end of their career and is thinking about retirement. There is likely more to this story than simple self-interest, however. The instruction should cover traditional topics such as political science and history but could be expanded to include, say, allowing nuclear submariners to teach introductory courses in engineering and mathematics or having an army trauma surgeon teach a medical school course on emergency medicine. The trip, unlike a more sterile classroom setting, was an opportunity for interesting conversations and exchanges of views, sometimes uncomfortable but very human. 4. The answer lies not in the "bigger and stronger" mindset of outdated militarism, nor in the non-interventionism of the war-weary. Allowing a second lieutenant to work alongside a junior CIA analyst, for instance, or to serve alongside a junior foreign service officer at one of our embassies would give each an insight into the other. Join 7000+ readers who receive fresh, thought-provoking articles once a week right in their inbox. Adolescent millennials could eat their Fruit Loops in peace, ignorant of the decades of political and military manoeuvring that had brought it to them. When they interact with service members or are asked their opinions of the military and its role in American foreign policy, then, they may not appreciate how much autonomy and responsibility an enlisted “grunt” may actually have had while deployed to an Afghan village, or how little influence even a high-ranking officer may have had in planning the war in Iraq. The proximate cause of this shift in campus opinion was the repeal of the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” (DADT) law, which barred homosexuals from serving in the military and was often invoked to justify excluding the military from college campuses on the grounds that DADT constituted illegal discrimination. New Ways to Fulfill Service Obligations. Recruiting Veterans to Universities and Increased Funding for Veteran Scholarships. Please be patient while we complete the request. Yet the following generations, specifically baby boomers and the elder half of Generation X, grew up in the relentless tension of the Cold War. Morris Fiorina is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Wendt Family Professor of Political Science at Stanford University. Nearly half of millennials believe that military leaders share the values of the American people, compared to only 12.5 percent who believe that political leaders do (CM2T 16, 17). The research revealed that military millennials are much more likely to be married than their non-military peers. 2. As of now, these programs are restricted to officers. Using survey data collected for this volume by YouGov for James Mattis and Kori Schake, we will outline and analyze the statistics that underlie this dynamic. Even if we completely owned and secured Iraq, the ideology and threat of terror would simply move elsewhere. Who wants to sign up for a war that can never be won? Moreover, millennials tend to seek jobs in which they can identify with the end goal. There has been no shortage of discussion of their merits and demerits in the workplaces they've inherited from baby boomers and Gen-Xers. The course was conceived the prior year by two ROTC students, and we assumed leadership after they graduated. Millennials do not exhibit the same open antagonism towards service members that many of their parents or grandparents might have during the Vietnam era, yet neither do many of them understand the difference between a sailor, a soldier, an airman, and a Marine. Where we are threatened, we wield our military might because this keeps us safe in a dangerous world. Crawford points out how, among other things, the invention of consumer credit helped to "rejig" a culture once held together by "mutually reinforcing norms" of frugality. Here again, the prospect of military service is unappealing. As the United States military begins its final drawdown from Afghanistan and reassesses its strategy and legacy in Iraq, millennials will begin to witness the end of a period that for most has comprised the majority of their lifetimes. Firstly, it confirmed our intuition that there was some unmet demand for more avenues to engage with the issue of civil-military relations and the supposed civil-military divide. © 2020 by the Board of Trustees of Leland Stanford Junior University. The current and future conflict is neither a cold nor hot war, but a conflict that always simmers. Some suggest millennials are preoccupied with themselves and hedonistic. Second, millennials are not knowledgeable about the military’s basic characteristics. For a generation that knows little other than war, it is not altogether apparent what the goals of the US military are in 2016 and beyond. An introduction to Public Theology for the Common Good. An additional 65 percent say the U.S. is one of the greatest countries. Furthermore, it was reported that in 2014 "almost 50 percent of Millennials responded that the United States should 'stay out' of world affairs, the highest rate since the Chicago Council on Global Affairs began asking the question in 1974.". Ostensibly the objective would be peace, but there is little evidence of moving toward that end anytime soon. Thus this new enemy is no longer bounded in terms of political borders, but rather in terms of a religious ideological identity. Despite the furor over these topics and resistance to changes from within the military, though, only 41 percent of millennials believe the military’s treatment of women and homosexuals is unfair, lower than any other generation (CM1T 43). There is no end to it. Yet the slogan hails from victories of older wars. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. With respect to overall military pay, 33 percent of 18- to 29-year-olds favor increasing military pay, while only 6 percent favor decreasing it (57 percent believe it should be kept the same). Though we hear the occasional call for reinstating the draft or requiring young people to perform a year of public service, such large-scale policy changes are, at present, unpopular and probably infeasible. Though they disagree with a number of specific policies, the military leadership is viewed far more favorably by millennials than political leaders are. Appears in Winter 2016. advancing ideas defining a free Millennials also frequently respond with “not sure” to survey questions that involve factual knowledge of the military, suggesting a combination of ignorance and humility regarding these issues (CM1T 51, 40). First, they may simply not be interested in the military. National affiliation means very little to them, but ideological affiliation means very much. This may not be a problem that we can solve with the military, but it certainly isn't a problem we can solve without it. Though the application of the jig will differ depending on the context in which it is applied, we can nevertheless use it to understand and evaluate the use of our military in past generations. The highlight of the course was a virtual staff ride through the Battle of Wanat, led by a researcher from the Combat Studies Institute at Fort Leavenworth. We see this distinction between supporting the troops and supporting the military as an institution in questions of policy and of trust in military messaging. 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