In 1558 AD, Raja Man Singh, Akbar's Hindu General, ruled Rohtas. It is one of the largest fort in world. [1], The oldest record at Rohtas is a short inscription of "Mahasamanta Shashanka-dava", whom John Faithfull Fleet identified with the Gauda king Shashanka. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. Rohtas Fort: (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس Qila Rohtas) is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri.This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pukhtun and Hindu architecture in the The Gate has an L shaped opening; as soon as one enters from the outer gate, one has to turn right. When you reach Shergarh fort, you will get to know more about this location’s history from the professional’s guides over there. Rohtas Fort (Urdu language: قلعہ روہتاس ‎ . It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. in order to help subdue the rebellious tribes of the Potohar region of northern Punjab that were loyal to the Mughal crown. Regarded as a bad omen, its name became “Talaqi.”. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. The 2000 odd limestone steps were probably meant for elephants. It is a double gate, with an outer and an inner door. However, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and no pre-7th century ruins have been found at the site. Rohtas Fort Pictures. This Gate opens to the north, facing Kashmir, hence its name. The Fort at Rohtas, near the modern town of Jhelum in northern Pakistan, is one of the largest and most formidable forts in the Indian sub continent, yet it is one of the least widely known. Monuments of Makli Thatta. Finally the Diwan of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over to the British Captain Goddard. The locals call it the Hanging House, as the fall from here is a straight 1500 ft down with no obstacles on the way. It is located in Punjab Pakistan It is at a distance of approximately 8 km from Dina in district Jhelum. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. Rohtas Fort Photos. But he was not able to hide at the fort. The outer opening leads to a Langar Khana  Two bastions stand on either side of the gate housing a kitchen, stores and a well for water. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History. Sher Shah Suri knows the importance of the strategic location of Fort, to stop Mughal Emperor and Gakhar tribes. A dilapidated gate with a cupola can be seen there, which is the first of many gates provided for well-guarded entrances to the fort. Raja Todar Mal built the fortress on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. There is a mausoleum of perhaps Habsh Khan, the daroga or the superintendent of works of Sher Shah. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. It took eight years to built the fort, it was captured by Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555. One of the reasons why Suri had the fort built was to suppress Potohar, the local tribes of the area. Roh The Gakhars were not native of the region. This is also a double gate.Its opening measures 3.15 meters (10 feet) wide. In 1539 CE, the Fort of Rohtas passed out of the hands of the Hindu kings into those of Sher Shah Suri. It's away from Dina city to Jhelum, took time 8 km approximately. Rohtas Fort Jhelum or Qila Rohtas Fort is an interesting historical spot, located in G.T Road, Jhelum city, Punjab, Pakistan. The guardian of the fort, Saiyyad Mubarak handed over the keys of Rohtas to the prince. Share . The fort is situated at about 1500 feet above sea level. As the Governor of Bengal and Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view of its inaccessibility and other natural defenses. Rohtas Fort Built by the . This gate opens into one chamber which opens into another. Further towards west, some construction must have taken place although there is no written evidence of what it was. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. I described facts about Rohtas Fort below. In books of history we find that this fort took 8 year for it’s wonderful construction. Road one kilometer past Dina. Amar Singh, the brother of Kunwar Singh, together with his companions took refuge here. Rohtas Fort. Finally, after a long drawn out military blockade and many clashes, the British overcame the Indians. The residential quarters of Man Singh were on the first floor, which was connected to the ladies' rooms via a gateway in the east. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. In spite of being bound hand and foot, the fakir escaped unhurt each time. Goddard left, keeping some guards in charge of the fort, but they too left after a year. You have to travel on G.T. It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. However, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and no pre-7th century ruins have been found at the site. One of the reasons why Suri had the fort built was to suppress Potohar, the local tribes of the area. About half a kilometer to the west of Man Singh's Palace is a Ganesh temple. Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. Pipalwala Gate, a small entrance like the Tulla Mori Gate, measures 2.13 meters wide. In or… Before the construction of this fort, the combination of these styles had not been harmonious. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, to subdue the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, in the 16th century. It has an inner and an outer arch decorated with beautiful and simple motifs of sunflower, the decoration repeated in other parts of the Fort. Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 Baolis (stepped wells) it could withstand a major siege although it was never besieged.Most of the fort was built with ashlar stones collected from its surrounding villages such as Tarraki village. Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. Sher Shah requested the ruler of Rohtas that he wanted to leave his women, children and treasure in the safety of the fort, while he was away fighting in Bengal. They had helped Humayun and his family to escape from India after the battle of Kanauj. Road towards Lahore for 100 km to Dina. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. The complex is spread over 4 kilometres, over hilly terrain, with fortified walls that are 50 to 80 … Qila Rohtas) is a historical garrison fort built by king Farid Khan, located near the city of Jhelum Pakistan to subdue the warrior tribes of North Punjab.This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Der Ort Rothas hat Schulen, Moscheen, Läden und.... viel Müll. They were extremely loyal to Humayun. … Baba Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion, had stayed at the place known as Ghan stream in front of Rohtas Fort in 16thCentury. The perimeter is over 5km long but it was built in only 20 years and was then abandoned. The idol of the deity is missing from here also, though the rest of the building is in good condition. That is why Shergarh fort is filled with many important graves, temples, and mosques. Rohtas Fort was built by Sher Shah Suri, the most illustrious Afghan General & King in history. A stupendous achievement in such a short time. Tourists have to climb the stairs to reach the gate of the fort which is very exhausting. Das Rote Fort (Urdu لال قلعہ Lal Qila) in der nordindischen Stadt Delhi ist eine Festungs- und Palastanlage aus der Epoche des Mogulreiches. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. The Dimensions of the gate are 15.25 meter high and 13.8 meter wide with two bastions on either side. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Rohtas Fort in Jhelum, Pakistan. The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor Humayun was ousted by the former. The fort is one of the largest and most … The members of this dynasty ruled the Japila territory as feudatories, possibly that of the Gahadavalas. In 1763 AD, in the Battle of Udhwa Nala, the Nawab of Bihar and Bengal, Mir Kasim, lost to the British and fled with his family to Rohtas. The beautiful stucco style, with the cupola resting on pillars reminds of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are known as chhatris. The Chandra and Tunga dynasties, which ruled in Bengal and Odisha regions respectively, traced their origin to a place called Rohitagiri, which may possibly be modern Rohtas. From here one has to walk another mile or so before the ruins of Rohtas can be seen. As mentioned above, Rohtas Fort was built by Sher Shah Suri, in order to stop the Mughal Emperor Hamayun, exiled to Persia after a heavy defeat in the Battle of Kannaju. https://m.patrika.com/weird-news/story-about-rohtasgarh-fort-bihar-3425910/, Coordinates: 24°37′N 83°55′E / 24.617°N 83.917°E / 24.617; 83.917, For the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan, see, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDevendrakumar_Rajaram_Patil1963 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rohtas_Fort,_India&oldid=983315465, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from June 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 14:58. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. He built a splendid palace for himself, renovated the rest of the fort, cleared up the ponds and made gardens in Persian style. The Khayaravalas are probably represented by the modern Kharwars.[6][3]. It was also meant to subdue the rebellious Gakhars’. [2] However, no evidence has been found at Rohtas to confirm this theory. Sher Shah Suri laid foundation for this Fort in 1542,and after approximately 8 years the construction was completed in 1550 in the reigm of Saleem Shah Suri successor of Sher Shah Suri. Even though these tribes were supporters of the Mughal Emperor Babur, they refused to swear allegiance to Humayun, because he had helped the Gakhars against them. This garrison fort was built by Afghan king Sher Shah Suri at a strategic site which is now the northeast of Pakistan. On the eastern side of the fort, it measures two meters wide with a bastion next to the entrance. Located in Punjab, near the city of Jhelum, the historic Rohtas Fort is a fortress that was built in the 16 th century by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri during his rule after the Battle of Chaunsa in 1539. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Great Afghan king . Ultimately he was buried in the cave. Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri; the fort was designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. Khurram once again came to Rohtas for safety when he tried to win Avadh, but lost the battle of Kampat. Clash Royale CLAN TAG #URR8PPP For the fort in Bihar, see Rohtas Fort, India. A double gate, with outer and inner doors; the outer gate measures 12.8 meters wide (42 feet) and 8 meters (26 feet) deep, with a bastion and a defensive wall on each side. The Aina Mahal, the palace of the chief wife of Man Singh, is in the middle of the palace. It is probably one of the only surviving early Muslim structure in Pakistan.Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). The central archway spans 4.72 meters (15 feet) wide. Qila Rohtas Fort was completed in around 8 years. Qila Rohtas Fort was completed in around 8 years. Ten years after Sher Shah’s death and the end of the Suri dynasty, Emperor Humayun returned to rule India for another 15 years. The fort was built in 16th Century by Sher Shah Suri, the Afghan King. Helpful. In this article we are going to give 17 interesting facts about this mesmerizing Rohtas Fort. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. On the southern side of the gate, the Shahi (Royal) Mosque stands which led to the popular name Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door). History of Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. He said the following about its location: “This fort was founded in a cleft and the strength of it cannot be imagined.”. Prithviraj Chauhan won this fort in India in the Middle Ages. Qila Rohtas History in Urdu - Rohtas Fort Documentary Jhelum Pakistan - Urdu Documentary . The Afghans lost the support from the locals of Northern Punjab consequently. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Rohtas Fort is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‬‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548 in order to help subdue the rebellious tribes of the Potohar region of northern Punjab that were loyal to the Mughal crown. Some parts of the fort were built with bricks.The fort is irregular in shape and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. Rohtas Fort was built by Sher Shah Suri in 16th century. 500 m hohen nördlichen Ausläufern des Vindhyagebirges zur nur noch ungefähr 100 m hoch gelegenen Gangesebene. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. The gate has five battlements on top and stairs leading up to it from the outside. [5] F. Kielhorn identified Shri Pratapa (Śrī-Pratāpa) as a member of the Khayaravala dynasty, whose inscriptions have been found at other locations in the Rohtas district. Ihren Namen erhielt sie von der charakteristischen roten Farbe des für die Festungsmauern verwendeten Sandsteins. The Rohtas Fort was built for the purpose of crushing the Gakhars. Now only 84 steps are left, which lead to a temple. Raja Todar Mal built the fortress on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. The Gakhars were not native of the region. Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for entertainment. Later, the Fort was served as the capital of the Gakhar Tribes. Rohtas Fort was never captured by force and has survived unusually intact. Rohtas Fort. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. Das gilt leider für den gesamten Komplex: Der ist zugemüllt. 26 contributions 2 helpful votes. The Fort at Rohtas, near the modern town of Jhelum in northern Pakistan, is one of the largest and most formidable forts in the Indian sub continent, yet it is one of the least widely known. One of the most famous forts in Pakistan, Rohtas Fort was built by General Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the short-lived Suri Dynasty in the Indian sub-continent. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. It is made of white sandstone and comprises three domes. Rohtas Fort (Jhelum, Pakistan) is one of the most beautiful and historical place located in Punjab. Qila Rohtas is the earliest example of the successful mixing of these two styles with the Afghan style being more prominent. History of the Fort Foundation. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. Rohtas Fort. Jhelum Route Google Maps Rawat Fort in Potohar, Pakistan. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. The Mughal Emperor, Humayun, had fled from India along with his family, when Sher Shah Suri took over the empire. Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. Ironically, the Afghans were eventually defeated and so, the fort came into the hands of the Gakhars. It is a single gate 9.15 meter high and 6.1 meter deep, faces toward the village Gatali Ford (ravine), also Patan Gatiali or Gatiyalian, the important point to cross the River Jhelum for the Kashmir Valley. [citation needed]It has 83 gates and network of many underground place and tunnels. Date of experience: December 2016. It is probably one of the only surviving early Muslim structure in Pakistan.Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). It is also a double gate. The editorial staff here in pktags.com is a team of professional and dedicated people with determination to Explore the attraction, culture, and expertise of Pakistan and Pakistani people. The king agreed and the first few palanquins had women and children. Rohtas Fort (Qila Rohtas) was built in the 16th century by Sher Shah Suri and is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. Its dimensions are 15.25 meters (50 feet) high, 3.5 meters (11.5 feet) wide with a central arched opening. It is named after a Saint Shah Chandwali who refused to get his wages for working on this gate. Rohtas Fort was built by:? Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: ; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. Yet why was Rohtas Fort built with such magnificence and why was it then deserted? They were extremely loyal to Humayun. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. It was designed as an impregnable stronghold immune to infantry warfare, able to survive a siege for years and spacious … About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. This is one of the largest fort and defensive walls with several monumental gates. The early history of Rohtas is obscure. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. Qila Rohtas is situated in the northwest of Jehlum near 7km from Dina. The tall imposing superstructure corresponds the temples of Rajputana (Rajasthan), especially of Ossian near Jodhpur built in the 8th century AD and the Mira Bai temple of the 17th century AD at Chittor. Rohtas Fort, (Qila Rohtas) is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia, for it was built … Read more. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. The third floor has a tiny cupola, which opens into the women' quarters. To control the Ghakkars, the construction strategy was there to built it on the hill alongside the Kahan River. It is the largest of the gates and was made in 1597 AD. It is named after one of Sher Shah Suri’s greatest generals, Khwas Khan.It is the original entrance to the Qila (Fort), the gate opens to the old Grand Trunk Road. It is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It is believed that the land on which the Agra Fort was built was the site of the old fort of Badalgarh constructed by the Lodi Sultans, who ruled the Delhi Sultanate between 1451 and 1526 CE. It named so because it faces Kabul and opens to the west. It has two bastions on each side. The outer arch has a small window like the Sohail Gate. Rohtas, constructed in 1541-3 is an example of a “fort” built by the Muslim invaders of N India before the Mughals fully established themselves and developed their own “style” (There are others even earlier – e.g Tukhlukabad dates to 1321 and Daulatabad to 1327). It was originally built to crush rebellions from local tribes of the surrounding region. It was originally built to crush … There is an assembly hall in the second floor and a gallery resting on strong, engraved stone pillars. 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