This operation was to thoroughly block the channel, and — coupled with the blockage at Zeebrugge (which the British authorities believed to be fully closed) — was to prevent use of Bruges by German raiding craft for months to come. Eight Victoria Crosses were awarded for the Zeebrugge raid, and three for a later raid at Ostend. Thus while Zeebrugge seemed to be blocked entirely, Ostend was open wide, nullifying any success which might have been achieved at the other port. [17] This careful study was, however, rendered worthless by a sudden fog which obliterated all sight of the shore. nl:Belgische Revolutie <> Révolution belge Those on board felt the old ship shrug as the explosive tore the bottom plates and the bulkheads from her; she sank about six feet and lay upon the bottom of the channel. The significance of Bruges was not lost on British naval planners and two previous attempts to close the exit at Ostend, the smaller and narrower of the Bruges canals, had ended in failure. Though the mission was only partly successful, Ramsay was Mentioned in despatches for his performance during the operation. Before this was realised on the cruiser's bridge, a shell fired from a gun battery on shore struck Commander Godsal directly, killing him instantly and shattering the bridge structure. Three Victoria Crosses and numerous other gallantry medals were awarded to sailors who participated in the operation. [8] Thus while Zeebrugge seemed to be blocked entirely, Ostend was open wide, nullifying any success which might have been achieved at the other port. Weather dependent, under cover of a smoke screen, aerial bombardment and offshore artillery, the blockships would steam directly into the channel, turn sideways and scuttle themselves. Wrecked HMS Vindictive in the Ostend Harbour, May 1918. HM Motor Launch 254 picked up 38 survivors of Vindictive's 55 crewmen. [27] Despite this, in Britain the Ostend Raid was feted as a success. On 23 April a second attempt was made, in conjunction with a raid on the neighbouring harbour of Ostend.The raid began with a diversion against the mile-long Zeebrugge mole.The attack was led by an old cruiser, Vindictive, with two Mersey ferries, Daffodil and Iris II.The three ships were accompanied by two old submarines, which were filled with explosives to blow up the viaduct … References Notes Bibliography. Despite heavy machine gun and artillery fire, Bourke returned to the scene of the wreck four times before they discovered two sailors and Vindictive's badly wounded navigation officer Sir John Alleyne clinging to an upturned boat. Ostende sera le théâtre d'un nouveau raid le 9 mai 1918. Her work was done. Alfred Edmund Godsal DSO, Croix de Guerre (1884 – 10 May 1918), was a British officer of the Royal Navy who commanded HMS Brilliant in the First Ostend Raid on 23 April 1918. When they did discover the entrance, German resistance proved too strong for the operation to be completed as originally planned: the obsolete cruiser HMS Vindictive was sunk, but only partially blocked the channel. This cover was vital because Ostend was protected by a very strong 11 inch gun position known as the Tirpitz battery. The remainder of the Belgian coast came under the occupation of German Marine Divisions, including the important strategic ports of Antwerp and Bruges. As he searched, two German torpedo boats sailed from Ostend to intercept the cruiser, but in the heavy fog they collided and, disabled, limped back to shore. The operation went ahead over the night of 9-10 May. [9] The ships' forward ballast tanks were filled with concrete to both protect their bows during the attack, and act as a more lasting obstacle once sunk. If the information here has been helpful or you have enjoyed reaching the stories please conside making a donation, no matter how small, would be much appreciated, annually we need to raise enough funds to pay for our web hosting or this site will vanish from the web. During the First World War, Ramsay was given his first command, HMS M25, a small monitor, in August 1915.For two years his ship was part of the Dover Patrol off the Belgian coast. ISBN 095135065X. [23], Hearing cries, Bourke entered the harbour but could not identify the lost men. Her six officers and 48 crew were all volunteer veterans of the previous failed attempt by Brilliant. Updated on Feb 15, 2018. Bruges was therefore a vital asset in the German Navy's increasingly desperate struggle to prevent Britain from receiving food and material from the rest of the world. 8 relations. In anticipation of a raid, the Germans had removed the navigation buoys and without them the British had difficulty finding the narrow channel into the harbour in poor weather. She was sunk as a blockship at Ostend during the Second Ostend Raid on 10 May 1918. Second Ostend Raid 9/5/1918 Britain raids Ostend again #1918Live. var switchTo5x=false;stLight.options({publisher:'fc03f239-3fa4-46a7-8533-9662428c321a'}); Please note we currently have a backlog of submitted material, our volunteers are working through this as quickly as possible and all names, stories and photos will be added to the site. A Second Attempt. The blockages at Ostend and Zeebrugge took several years to clear completely, not being totally removed until 1921. [9] Other officers came forward to participate as well and Keyes and Lynes devised an operational plan to attack the canal mouth at Ostend once more. 23rd April 1918 First Ostend Raid 1918 The First Ostend Raid (part of Operation ZO) was the first of two attacks by the Royal Navy on the German-held port of Ostend during the late spring of 1918.Ostend was attacked in conjunction with the neighbouring harbour of Zeebrugge on 23 April in order to block the vital strategic port of Bruges, situated 6 miles inland. THE SECOND OSTEND RAID, MAY 1918. The destroyer HMS Velox was lashed alongside and survivors from Warwick, Vindictive and ML254 transferred across to the sound ship. THE SECOND OSTEND RAID, MAY 1918 | Imperial War Museums Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website? THE SECOND OSTEND RAID, MAY 1918 | Imperial War Museums Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website? [7] Although this accident halved the ability of the force to block Ostend, Lynes decided to continue the operation, and at 01:30, the force closed on the port, making the final preparations for the assault. On a strategic scale the effects of the raids at Ostend and Zeebrugge on the battle of the Atlantic were negligible. Edit Like Comment Share. A successful blockade of these bases would force German submarines to operate out of more distant ports, such as Wilhelmshaven, on the German coast. to help with the costs of keeping the site running. [21], Realising that further manoeuvring would be pointless, Crutchley ordered the charges to be blown and the ship evacuated. L'admiral Roger … Two minutes after midnight, the force suffered a setback when Sappho suffered a minor boiler explosion and had to return to Dunkirk, unable to complete the journey. The Second Ostend Raid was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with the German Empire during World War I. [13] The British armada had collected at Dunkirk in Allied-held France and departed port shortly after dark. As Engineer-Lieutenant William Bury prepared to detonate the scuttling charges, Crutchley took a survey of the ship and ordered all survivors to take to the boats on the seaward side of the wreck. [7] Both blockships intended to close off the canal had grounded over half a mile from their intended location and been scuttled by their crews under heavy artillery and long-range small arms fire, which caused severe casualties. British assessments of that operation had proven optimistic and the channel there had not been properly closed. Ostend Raid 10 May 1918 09-May-1918 — 10-May-1918 A Second Attempt It was agreed that Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes could set up a repeated attempt to block Ostend harbour. "The engineer, who was the last to leave the engine-room, blew the main charges by the switch installed aft. Both blockships intended to close off the canal had grounded over half a mile from their intended location and been scuttled by their crews under heavy artillery and long-range small arms fire, which caused severe casualties. Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. Le second raid sur Ostende connu officiellement sous le nom d'Opération VS est la deuxième des deux attaques de la Royal Navy sur le port d'Ostende, en Belgique, aux mains de l'Allemagne à la fin du printemps 1918 pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. Only 14 rounds were fired by the British with the result that only part of the dockyard was set on fire. German losses were three killed and eight wounded. Air Vice Marshal Sir Charles Laverock Lambe, KCB, CMG, DSO (10 May 1875 – 25 April 1953) was a distinguished officer in the Royal Navy and a foundational commander in the Royal Air Force (RAF) on its creation in 1918. The plan was similar to the failed operation of three weeks previously. [1] In spite of the fog, air operations continued as planned under the overall direction of Brigadier-General Charles Lambe. Primary Documents - British Admiralty Statement on the Ostend Raid, 11 May 1918 Reproduced below is the text of the official British Admiralty report on the Royal Navy's 9 May 1918 raid upon the German-held port of Ostend, a follow-up action to the previous month's raid upon Zeebrugge and Ostend - both used as a base for submarines and light shipping. The operation went ahead over the night of 9-10 May. Offshore, as Warwick's officers, Keyes' staff and the survivors of Vindictive gathered on the destroyer's deck to discuss the operation, an enormous explosion rocked the ship causing her to list severely. As Drummond turned his boat seawards and proceeded back to the offshore squadron which was still engaged in an artillery duel with the German defenders, one of the missing launches, ML276 passed her, having caught up with the lost cruiser at this late stage. On 23 April a second attempt was made, in conjunction with a raid on the neighbouring harbour of Ostend.The raid began with a diversion against the mile-long Zeebrugge mole.The attack was led by an old cruiser, Vindictive, with two Mersey ferries, Daffodil and Iris II.The three ships were accompanied by two old submarines, which were filled with explosives to blow up the viaduct … John Owen was serving as a Deck Hand on Motor Launch (ML) 25(4). This stalled the engines and caused a wave of highly corrosive acid to wash over the deck, causing severe damage to the launch's hull and almost suffocating the unconscious Alleyne. [28], Coordinates: 51°13′28″N 2°54′35″E / 51.22444°N 2.90972°E / 51.22444; 2.90972, British Admiralty Statement on the Ostend Raid, 11 May 1918, https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/30870/page/, "British Admiralty Statement on the Ostend Raid, 11 May 1918", http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/zeebrugge_admiralty2.htm, http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9903E5DE163EE433A25750C1A9639C946996D6CF&oref=slogin, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Naval battles of World War I involving Germany, Naval battles of World War I involving the United Kingdom, Part of North Sea Operations, First World War, "The star-shells paled and were lost as they sank in it; the beams of the searchlights seemed to break off short upon its front. Like this page to receive our updates, add a comment or ask a question. HMS Vindictive Sunk as a Blockship in Ostend Harbour in 2nd Ostend Raid May 1918 HMS Vindictive Sunk as a Blockship in Ostend Harbour in 2nd Ostend Raid May 1918 Stereoscopic Images Published by: Realistic Travels Ltd London By Royal Command to their Imperial Majesties King Gearge V & Queen Mary No.119 In this series of: The Great War through - The … The German Navy had used the port since 1915 as a base for their U-boat activities … Remaining in command of HMS BROKE carried King George V to France to visit … ML254 then began slowly to leave the harbour mouth, carrying 38 survivors of Vindictive's 55 crewmen huddled on deck, where they remained exposed to machine gun fire from the shore. The larger warships in Bruges were trapped there for the remaining months of the war and the town was captured by the Allies in October 1918. The damaged propeller made this maneuver impossible and the drifting cruiser floated out of the channel and became stuck on a sandbank outside, only partially obscuring the entranceway. Torpedoes fired from motor launches demolished machine gun posts on the ends of the piers marking the canal, beginning the attack. [19] Heading straight into the mouth of the canal, guided by a flare dropped by the launch, Vindictive became an instant target of the German batteries and was badly damaged, the shellfire exacerbating the damage suffered in the earlier Zeebrugge Raid and seriously damaging Vindictive's port propeller. The Second Ostend Raid, Belgium 9-10 May 1918. [22], ML254 then began slowly to leave the harbour mouth, carrying 38 survivors of Vindictive's 55 crewmen huddled on deck, where they remained exposed to machine gun fire from the shore. [16], In preparation for the attack, Godsal and Lynes had carefully consulted available charts of Ostend following the previous operation's failure caused by German repositioning of navigation buoys. Despite German claims that the blockage did not impede their operations, the operation to close the Ostend canal seemed to have been at least partially successful. Hear the men and women whose lives were shaped by the First World War tell their stories of the conflict in our podcast series, Voices of the First World War. 9 mai 1918 : second raid d'Ostende Au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale, la maîtrise de la Manche et de la mer du Nord était vitale pour les Alliés qui avaient besoin d'acheminer facilement du matériel depuis le Royaume Uni. Heading straight into the mouth of the canal, guided by a flare dropped by the launch, Vindictive became an instant target for the German batteries and was badly damaged. Ten heavy bombers of the newly formed Royal Air Force then dropped incendiary bombs on German positions, but did not cause significant damage. The Second Ostend Raid (officially known as Operation VS) was the later of two failed attempts made during the spring of 1918 by the United Kingdom's Royal Navy to block the channels leading to the Belgian port of Ostend as a part of its conflict with the German Empire during World War I. She sank about six feet and lay upon the bottom of the channel. [18] Steaming back and forth across the harbour entrance in the fog as the monitors and German shore batteries engaged in a long range artillery duel over the lost cruiser, Godsal looked for the piers marking the entrance to the canal. Ostend was attacked in conjunction with the neighbouring harbour of Zeebrugge on 23 April in order to block the vital strategic port of Bruges, situated 6 mi (5.2 nmi; 9.7 km) inland and ideally sited to conduct raiding operations on the British coastline and shipping lanes. Articles détaillés : Bataille de l'Atlantique (1917) et Premier raid sur Ostende. The blockages at Ostend and Zeebrugge took several years to clear completely, not being totally removed until 1921. We currently have a huge backlog of stories and historical documents which need to be edited or transcribed for display online, if you have a good standard of written English, an interest in the two World Wars and a little time to spare online we would appreciate your help. First World War. The ship's Commander Alfred Godsal perished on board. On May 9, 1918, Ramsay took part in Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes' Second Ostend Raid. 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