Both creeping phlox and tall garden phlox are favorites in flower beds. Mulch over the plants roots to help conserve soil moisture. ‘Rosalinde’ grows to 2 ½ feet tall, with deep pink flowers and reddish stems. Phlox (Moss) Pickerel Weed. Wild species and virtually all cultivars bloom in the cool color range, ranging from white to pink, rose, red, magenta, purple, and blue. The wild species flowers are blue to mauve. Wild blue phlox is a semi- evergreen perennial growing 25–50 cm (10–20 in) tall with opposite, unstalked, hairy leaves 2.5–5 cm (1–2 in) in length and ovate-lanceolate in … As you can imagine, this makes it a valued plant among those looking for a continuous sequence of bloom. Phlox should never be crowded. Wild Phlox Wild Phlox (Phlox longifolia) is a delightful low plant (about six inches high) with small gray green leaves, often in patches of pink that delight the eye.Dixie Rose, in her book "Utah's Intermountain Wildflowers", describes it as follows: "A gem of the family. This can sometimes make definite identification to species difficult. ‘Laphammi’ has large, lavender blue flowers, and blooms later than most other varieties. They can be blue, violet, lavender, pink or white depending on cultivar. It is vigorous, growing 3 to 4 feet tall, with good mildew resistance, and a long bloom period. Examine the leaves, which should measure 1 to 2 inches long and 1/2-inch wide across a rounded base. It is an attractive variety, both from a distance and up close where the striped detail can be seen. Always water at the base of plants to keep the air space around the foliage drier. Because they are so commonly cultivated, it is little known that all phlox species are native to the United States. The symptoms can be so severe that plant growth may become impeded and die. The flower heads are especially large. Reseeding is common. Garden phlox is the tallest of the commonly grown species, reaching 3 to 5 feet tall depending on cultivar. 2002 Perennial Plant of the Year. In early spring, from February on the coast to early April in the upper Piedmont and mountains, flowers cover the plants so completely that no leaves can be seen. Although there are many types of native phlox, the two commonly sold commercially are Phlox subulata and Phlox paniculata. Pink Pyrola. ‘Cabot Blue’ is the most common type, with lavender blue flowers. This helps distinguish it from the similar creeping phlox (P. stolonifera), which has oval to rounded leaves. Woodland phlox is also taller than creeping phlox. Intensia series is a vigorous group bred for heat and humidity tolerance, with a variety of colors. Poppy. It is more fragrant than most creeping phlox. At least 6 hours of sun is needed for best flowering. Woodland phlox (Phlox divaricata): This shade loving species is also called wild sweet William or wild blue phlox. Purple Fringed Orchis. It prefers well drained soil, in full sun or some shade, and is heat tolerant. ‘Blue Ridge’ has violet blue flowers and grows to 6 inches tall. Spider mites are the most frequent insect pest, mostly occurring in hot, dry conditions on species that prefer moist soil. Carolina Phlox (Phlox carolina): Native to a wide area throughout the southeast, Carolina phlox is also native throughout South Carolina, growing in deciduous woods, forest edges and clearings, and along roadsides. Garden phlox (Phlox paniculata): This is by far the best known of the tall phloxes, very commonly grown in perennial borders. Most phlox can be propagated by division or cuttings, and this will maintain the original variety true to type. The leaves of tall phlox are much larger and die back at the end of the growing season; they are narrow at both ends and flare out in the middle. Many state universities periodically trial powdery mildew resistance on phlox, but it is important to remember that conditions in the southeast strongly favor the disease. Powdery mildew is by far the worst and most common disease of phlox. All grow 2 ½ to 3 feet tall. Pairsof opposite leaves occur along these stems that … Leaves are lance shaped, 1 ½ to 4 inches in length. It will tolerate poor soil, and withstands drought once established. A mature specimen of Summer Phlox will have some leaves that easily exceed ½" in width, while the leaves of other Phlox spp. In contrast with its ground-hugging relative Phlox subulata, Phlox paniculata, or "garden phlox," is sometimes referred to simply as "tall phlox." It is very widely grown and garden plants have also escaped back into the wild. The wild plant’s flowers are usually rose red, but in South Carolina, color can vary considerably because wild plants are escapees from gardens. I believe that every wedding is a once in a lifetime occasion and that it should be a beautiful reflection of you as a couple, filled with details and inspirations that tell your love story. It is native to the eastern and Midwestern US, including South Carolina, growing in deciduous woods and along woods edges. Be sure to follow good cultural practices to help prevent powdery mildew infestation. It is a good cover for the leaves of earlier floweting spring bulbs. ‘Delta’ is light pink with a darker eye. Seed can be sown directly in late winter or very early spring, or seedlings can be grown until 6 to 8 weeks old and set out a few weeks before the last frost date. Tall growing phlox should usually be divided at least every 3 years to prevent overcrowding. Pyrola. It is also commonly referred to as Blue Phlox, Woodland Phlox, or … It has very good mildew resistance and is very drought and heat tolerant. Growth habit varies as well, from low, mounded sun-lovers, to low spreading woodland phlox with upright flower stems, to strongly upright narrow types. Phlox are herbaceous plants most commonly known for making billowing mounds of scented flowers in summer borders. For this reason, knowing the botanical name will help ensure that you get the plant you want at nurseries. It spreads 12 to 18 inches wide. Although a tiny and attractive insect, the phlox bug nonetheless wreaks havoc on both wild and cultivated phlox, a plant prized for its showy flowers. Also, wild collected plants often do not survive transplanting. ‘Dirgo Arbutus’ has lavender flowers with a darker eye. Prairie Smoke. Moss phlox is native to dry, rocky areas in the southeastern mountains. Low needle-like leaves in mats. Attachment is opposite, with leaf pairs at right angles to the pair above and below and widely spaced on the stem. They are found mostly in North America (one in Siberia) in diverse habitats from alpine tundra to open woodland and prairie. Initial symptoms appear on the lower leaves with the disease progressing upward. Phlox are grown for their abundant flowering, with most phlox species and cultivars also having a light sweet fragrance. ‘Louisiana Purple’ is an excellent, very vigorous growing plant, with abundant deep purple flowers. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1181 | Published: May 1, 2009 | Print. Images Phlox - Professional images and videos of plants and gardens for use in magazines, books, calendars, brochures and other media. Intensia phlox have rated well for heat tolerance in Georgia, Florida and Texas trials. In South Carolina, annual phlox is should be grown as a cool season annual. Pussytoes. ‘Delta Snow’ is also an excellent fragrant white flowered cultivar that has done particularly well in trials in Georgia. They are susceptible to powdery mildew, which is more difficult to combat the hotter it gets outside. All these colors can also occur in wild plants. Don't let the "pink" label fool you: This perennial does come in other colors. While Carolina phlox is often said to be powdery mildew resistant; in trial plantings at NCSU, this has only been proven to be true of the straight wild species, which was highly resistant. Dry, hot conditions may lead to spider mite infestation. Moss phlox is effective for erosion control on slopes once plants have closed together. She is sometimes listed as a cultivar of spotted phlox and may possibly be correctly placed in this species or may be a hybrid. It blooms between April along the coast and June in the mountains. It will often be seen growing wild along roadsides. 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