This is done to produce dramatic effect and to show the importance of the object or idea. All Rights Reserved. Apostrophes are not one-trick ponies. English literature is replete with instances of apostrophe. Die not, poor Death, nor yet canst thou kill me. Apostrophe - when a character in a literary work speaks to an object, an idea, or someone who doesn't exist as if it is a living person. An exclamatory figure of speech when a character turns from addressing one party to another party or inanimate object. C. Nothing so aggravates an earnest person as a passive resistance. O apostrophe, how amazing you are! _taboola.push({ Apostrophe (Greek ἀποστροφή, apostrophé, "turning away"; the final e being sounded) is an exclamatory figure of speech. B. Macbeth is gripping a real dagger and telling a friend about its qualities. This use of apostrophe—where a narrator interrupts the action to provide commentary—was also popular in works of literature in the nineteenth- to mid-twentieth centuries. placement:'Right Rail Thumbnails', (Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare). In this apostrophe example, Juliet takes Romeo’s dagger and addresses it. Each one will be used at least one time. “Welcome, O life! This type of apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. Apostrophe is also found in popular songs and other media. Because there is a clear speaker and change of addressee, apostrophe is most commonly found in plays. Find more ways to say apostrophe, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. “Death be not proud, though some have called thee Mighty and dreadful, for, thou art not so, For, those, whom thou think’st, thou dost overthrow, Die not, poor death, nor yet canst thou kill me.”. Apostrophe occurs we address our car on a cold day, either pleading with it to start or yelling at it when it doesn’t. Stars and clouds and winds, ye are all about to mock me; if ye really pity me, crush sensation and memory; let me become as naught; but if not, depart, depart, and leave me in darkness.”. Apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses an inanimate or imaginary object. In this way, though apostrophe may seem unnatural in the context of plays and omniscient narrators addressing the audience, it is, in fact, perfectly natural in our daily lives. If we leave out the apostrophe in dog’s bone, we have dogs, indicating the plural—that is, many dogs—which will cause momentary confusion for the reader. He hath bore me on his back a Many examples of apostrophe in English begin with the exclamatory sound “O,” to signify a change in the addressee. Another apostrophe example comes from the poem Sire, written by W. S. Merwin: “Forerunner, I would like to say, silent pilot, Little dry death, future, Your indirections are as strange to me As my own. The word apostrophe is when the writer … By addressing a person who is not present or an inanimate object that cannot feel or express emotions, a character is instead showing their own inner state. When poets direct speech to an abstract concept or a person who is not physically present, they’re writing apostrophe poetry. In addition, the use of apostrophe motivates readers to develop a perspective that is fresh, as well as creative. Often, similar events—such as visiting the wrecked ship multiple times, or building different-sized canoes—happen more than once. Apostrophes frequently target an absent person or a third party. As a punctuation mark, it signifies elision and is used when letters or words are contracted and sounds are omitted or merged. Poets may apostrophize a beloved, the Muse, God, love, time, or any other entity that can’t respond in reality. In the case of apostrophe as a literary device, the thing that’s left out is a character, place, object, or something else that is not part of the action of the story or the statement being made. This poem became one of the most popular nursery rhymes told to little children – often in the form of song. The drama of this scene is that Juliet can no longer address her love, who is dead, and must instead consult an inanimate object in her final moment. Talking to stars, clouds, and winds is apostrophe. It is important not to confuse apostrophe, the literary device, with the apostrophe punctuation mark (‘). Your medium dark roast allowed me to survive that meeting!”, “Oh what a world it seems we live in.” –Rufus Wainwright (song), “O holy night! The list of available poetic devices is given below. In English, it is used for three purposes: The marking of the omission of one or more letters (as in the contraction of do not to don't). However, it is also present in novels, through basically the same method as when it appears in play… In cases such as Homer’s Odyssey, apostrophe usually occurs when the otherwise impersonal narrator intrudes in the storyline to provide information or commentary. The apostrophe is a stylistic device of rhetoric and means the solemn or emphasized salutation to an imaginary object or an absent person. Mighty and dreadful, for thou are not so; The Star (By Jane Taylor) Jane Taylor uses apostrophe in the well-known poem, The Star: “Twinkle, … For instance, “I am” can be presented as “I’m” or “you all” can be sometimes heard as “y’all.” Let’s focus more on the literary device definition in this discussion, however. Below is a list of literary devices with detailed definition and examples. In English, for example, we use apostrophes when contracted “I am” to “I’m,” “we have” to “we’ve,” “do not” to “don’t,” and so on. Is this a dagger which I see before me, Rhetorical devices used to enhance the plausibility of one's argument; Aristotle's appeals included ethos, logos, and pathos. In this way, though apostrophe may seem unnatural in the context of plays and omniscient narrators addressing the audience, it is, in fact, perfectly natural in our daily lives. A punctuation mark that stands in place of omitted letters. B. I would prefer not to. It is more convenient for readers to relate themselves to abstract emotions when they observe them in their natural surroundings. Download the adaptable Word resource When you hear apostrophe, you probably think of this symbol: ’, right?Well, today, we’re actually talking about the literary device, which is completely different. It can also be an inanimate object, like a dagger, or an abstract concept, such as death or the sun. An apostrophe (uh-POSS-truh-fee) is when a writer or speaker addresses someone who isn’t present or isn’t alive, an inanimate object, an abstract idea, or an imaginary figure. Apostrophe definition, the sign ('), as used: to indicate the omission of one or more letters in a word, whether unpronounced, as in o'er for over, or pronounced, as in gov't for government; to indicate the possessive case, as in man's; or to indicate plurals of abbreviations and symbols, as in … C. Macbeth is addressing an imaginary dagger and assigning it qualities. Byron’s poem is entirely focused on the beauty and the fascination that he endures with the ocean. Apostrophes are found in daily writing or daily speech, plays and poetry as well as literature. 3. Apostrophe as literary term Leave a comment But apostrophe is not just the name for the comma-shaped punctuation mark that hangs over the text: it is also a literary device, a figure of speech used when a speaker addresses remarks to a third party rather than their actual audience. I bet everyone in your pub, Even the children, pushes her away.”, The speaker is talking to an imaginary character, the “stranger.”. O apostrophe, how amazing you are! Another word for apostrophe. In poetry, an apostrophe is a figure of speech in which the poet addresses an absent person, an abstract idea, or a thing.Apostrophes are found throughout poetry, but they’re less common since the early 20th century. A. Antony is addressing the bloody corpse of Julius Caesar and apologizing to it than he is not being more forceful with the men (“these butchers” who led to Caesar’s murder. It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience and directs speech to a 3rd party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. In Winterreise, poet Wilhelm Müller frequently used apostrophe, the rhetorical device of “turning aside” to address absent, abstract, or nonhuman listeners.In his songs Schubert responded to the poet's use of this evocative figure of speech. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.”. Inspiring awe and fear in others is not something that anyone should strive for, in Donne’s opinion. Apostrophe can be either a punctuation mark or a literary device. B. Many of us are familiar with using apostrophe without realizing it. in a play) and directs speech to a third party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. In the case of apostrophe as a literary device, the thing that’s left out is a character, place, object, or something else that is not part of the action of the story or the statement being made. This type of apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. This third party may be an individual, either present or absent in the scene. Ah Humanity! Apostrophe as a literary device vs Apostrophe as a punctuation mark Common Examples of an apostrophe. In it, the speaker is directly addressing a far-off star. In this famous line from Hamlet by Shakespeare, the main character Hamlet happens to be strolling through a graveyard with his friend Horatio when two clowns dig up the skull of Hamlet’s former acquaintance Yorick, a court jester. This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die. The title of the poem indicates the subject of the poem; it also has the first literary device that is seen throughout this poem. A literary apostrophe is “when a speaker addresses an absent party as if they were present.”. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms, 10 Memorable Uses of Apostrophe by Shakespeare, 10 Dramatic Uses of Apostrophe by Edgar Allan Poe. O happy dagger! Apostrophe is found in poetry, plays and literature. Examples of Apostrophe: 1. Poets may apostrophize a beloved, the Muse, God, love, time, or any other entity that can’t respond in reality. Apostrophe. It comes from the Greek word apostrephein which means "to turn away." The punctuation mark shows possession, or marks the omission of one or more letters (contraction). Poetic Devices in Othello Determine who states the quotation, and which poetic device is represented. Appeals. in which he addresses the deceased Abraham Lincoln: "O … In poetry, an apostrophe is a figure of speech in which the poet addresses an absent person, an abstract idea, or a thing.Apostrophes are found throughout poetry, but they’re less common since the early 20th century. Have you ever heard the nursery rhyme 'Twinkle twinkle, little star'? Come, let me clutch thee! For example: Apostrophe has been a part of storytelling since Greek drama, and perhaps before. Why do we use apostrophes in literature?. From Greek ἀποστροφή, a figure of speech consisting of a sudden turn in a text towards an exclamatory address to an imaginary person or a thing. My Captain!" A. Macbeth is talking to a friend named Dagger. James Joyce uses apostrophe in his novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man: “Welcome, O life! When poets direct speech to an abstract concept or a person who is not physically present, they’re writing apostrophe poetry. Or perhaps we get an email from someone and start responding out loud, knowing that the person won’t hear the message. ANTONY: O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, Apostrophe as a literary device on the other hand, as weve already discussed, refers to a fictional characters reference to an addressee who is not physically present in the scene. HAMLET: Alas, poor Yorick! in a play) and directs speech to a third party such as an opposing litigant or … Odes are usually directed to an inanimate object or person who is not present, reciting their positive characteristics. In this case, Keats declares to the nightingale, “Thou wast not born for death.” He notes that the song of the nightingale has been heard for generations and should never cease. And this I would fight for: the freedom of the mind to take any direction it wishes, undirected. In addition to being a punctuation mark, apostrophe can also be a literary device in which the speaker of a poem talks to someone who is not there. He asks the Sun in a rude way why the Sun appeared and spoiled the good time he was having with his beloved. Often the addressee is a personified abstract quality or inanimate object. The definition of apostrophe as a literary device is when a speaker breaks off from addressing one party and instead addresses a third party. Apostrophe in literature is an arrangement of words addressing a non-existent person or an abstract idea in such a way as if it were present and capable of understanding feelings. Apostrophe occurs we address our car on a cold day, either pleading with it to start or yelling at it when it doesn’t. allows the speaker or writer to do so by directly addressing the subject of their thoughts or feelings William Shakespeare makes use of apostrophe in his play Macbeth: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky.”. Antony calls Caesar “thou bleeding piece of earth,” acknowledging that Caesar no longer has any power to respond. The apostrophe we will be discussing today, however, is very different. Addressing the skull makes Hamlet contemplate, once again, the concept of death and decay. When employed properly, the different literary devices help readers to appreciate, interpret and analyze a literary work. Yet Antony, overcome with remorse and grief, feels the need to both apologize to Caesar and praise Caesar’s virtues even after death. The voice I hear this passing night was heard Apostrophe, a rhetorical device by which a speaker turns from the audience as a whole to address a single person or thing. I knew him, Horatio, a fellow of infinite It provides a way for the storyteller to switch gears, add his or her own commentary, or state feelings inspired by abstract concepts. In this nursery rhyme, a child speaks to a star (an inanimate object). In literature, apostrophe is a figure of speech sometimes represented by an exclamation, such as “Oh.” A writer or speaker, using apostrophe, speaks directly to someone who is not present or is dead, or speaks to an inanimate object. The narrator in John Steinbeck’s novel East of Eden often turns away from the action and addresses the audience directly with his own opinions of the action. Or art thou but Most of the nouns using such apostrophes were loanwords ending in -o, such as Romeo's. This is done to produce dramatic effect … Aposrtophe is a figure of speech in which it is important not to confuse apostrophe, the literary device, with the apostrophe punctuation mark (‘). That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! Apostrophe - when a character in a literary work speaks to an object, an idea, or someone who doesn't exist as if it is a living person. It is especially common in plays, with the most famous examples coming from Shakespeare. A dagger of the mind, a false creation, Apostrophe, a rhetorical device by which a speaker turns from the audience as a whole to address a single person or thing. I go to encounter for the millionth time the reality of experience and to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race.” ~James Joyce in his novel “A The ode form of poetry was a favorite of John Keats, who wrote six major odes in the year 1819. This type of apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. A famous example of this is Walt Whitman's "O Captain! Let us have a look at a few examples. In poetry and theatre, apostrophes may initiate with an exclamation from the speaker, such as “Oh!”, but this tendency isn’t as frequently used today. O inconceivable being! In his mental conflict before murdering King Duncan, Macbeth has a strange vision of a dagger and talks to it as if it were a person. Apostrophe is an exclamatory figure of speech. Literary Device: Apostrophe Example 1 from Literature Example #2 What is an "apostrophe"? Jane Taylor uses apostrophe in the well-known poem, The Star: “Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are. Just as it does in punctuation, an apostrophe in literature often marks something that is left out. Therefore, though the terms have similar origins, their meanings are very different. Both senses of the word “apostrophe” come from the original Greek meaning “turning back” or “turning away.” Apostrophe as a punctuation mark took on the meaning of “elision” and therefore is used when letters are omitted and sounds are elided. As we know that the use of apostrophe and also familiar with using apostrophe without realizing it. Apostrophe (etymologically derived from the Greek word apostrophein, literally meaning “to turn away”), is a rhetorical device which consists when an orator interrupts the flow of the discourse; turning his attention from his immediate audience, to address some person or other objects different from that to which the discourse was at first directed. The device proved useful, however, as a means of visibly distinguishing the possessive case, so that the Fourth Folio of Shakespeare (1685) made fairly consistent use of it in the singular. The apostrophe we will be discussing today, however, is very different. Apostrophe An Introduction to Apostrophe. mode:'thumbnails-rr', To feeling as to sight? Or perhaps we get an email from someone and start responding out loud, knowing that the person won’t hear the message. Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird! For example, in William Shakespeare ’s Julius Caesar, Mark Antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the speech that begins: O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! The apostrophe definition as a literary device, on the other hand, evolved to the turning from one addressee to another. }); More commonly known as a punctuation mark, apostrophe can also refer to an exclamatory figure of speech. It often involves a change in audience as the speaker stops talking to one person and instead addresses another, who is often absent from the story. The apostrophe can thus be found in all literary genres, even though we can rather discover them in spoken utterances, such as drama or speech (→ speech analysis) Examples of literary techniques in the Bible: Chiasm, Acrostic, Alliteration, Allusion, Anthropomorphism, Apostrophe, Assonance, etc. Apostrophe practice A worksheet that explains the two main uses of apostrophes through examples, plus a set of sentences that need apostrophes. container:'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', Must to thy motions lovers’ seasons run? Apostrophes are not one-trick ponies. You are already familiar with … An apostrophe is a figure of speech or literary device where an absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed as if present and can understand. jest, of most excellent fancy. By employing apostrophe in their literary works, writers try to bring abstract ideas or non-existent persons to life, so that the nature of emotions they want to communicate comes across in a better way. I go to encounter for the millionth time the reality of experience and to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race.” ~James Joyce in his novel “A So in literature, apostrophe occurs when a character in the story s… I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. This kind of speech, where the speaker addresses an imaginary or inanimate character, is known as apostrophe. In this excerpt, the poet uses conventional apostrophe starting with “O”: “O stranger of the future! For example, in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, Mark Antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the speech that begins:. The apostrophe (' or ’) character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets. This type of apostropheis a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. And this I believe: that the free, exploring mind of the individual human is the most valuable thing in the world. by Alex Carmichael There is an incredible array of varying literary means and methods used by God in His Word to convey what He wanted to reveal to us. Thou art the ruins of the noblest man How apostrophe is pronounced? Hamlet picks up the skull and addresses it—“Alas, poor Yorick!”—then turns back to address his friend Horatio. Being able to talk to something abstract – like life itself – is possible only in literature. Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. A major use of apostrophes is to indicate possession, or ownership. Examples of apostrophe in these cases occur in works with an omniscient third-person point of view. Look at how Mary Shelly uses apostrophe in her novel Frankenstein: “Oh! Literary Devices in Robinson Crusoe Repetition : In order to survive, Crusoe keeps extensive catalogues of goods and resources he has available to him. As a literary device, apostrophe refers to a speech or address to a person who is not present or to a personified object, such as Yorick's skull in Hamlet. Literary Device: Apostrophe Example 1 from Literature Example #2 What is an "apostrophe"? Scholars have generally regarded this use of the apostrophe as arising from the … Which of the following quotes from Herman Melville’s story “Bartleby, the Scrivener” is an example of apostrophe? It is ironically “happy”—it will take her to her death to be joined once again with Romeo. Choose the correct definition of apostrophe as a literary device: Come, let me clutch thee. John Donne once more uses apostrophe in his poem The Sun Rising: “Busy old fool, unruly Sun, Why dost thou thus, Through windows, and through curtains, call on us? Allusion, Apostrophe, Hubris, Metaphor, Simile Quotation Said by & Translation (line by line) Device & Explanation Act 1, scene 3, line 343-392 For example, the bone of the dog is the dog’s bone. For those whom thou think’st thou dost overthrow Often the addressee is a personified abstract quality or inanimate object. O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! JULIET: Yea, noise? window._taboola=window._taboola||[]; Many of us are familiar with using apostrophe without realizing it. “Ugh, cell phone, why won’t you load my messages?”, (While speaking on the phone with someone) “Hold, on, my kid’s going crazy—, “Oh, Starbucks, how I love you! Whatever the shape of your house, However you scoot from place to place, No matter how strange and colorless the clothes you may wear, I bet nobody likes a wet dog either. In ancient days by emperor and clown…. Literary apostrophes are great for conveying emotion. thousand times, and now how abhorr’d in my imagination it is! It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience (e.g. A set of sentences that need apostrophes observe them in their natural surroundings explains the two main uses apostrophes... A single person or thing abstract idea, as well as creative word apostrephein which means `` to away. Dagger which I see thee still. ” explains the two main uses of through! Dagger, or an abstract concept or a third party may be an inanimate object false creation, from... And sounds are omitted or merged because there is a classic example apostrophe! Quotation, and now how abhorr ’ d in my imagination it is ironically “ happy —it! A set of sentences that need apostrophes thee down ; the final e sounded! Imaginary or inanimate character, they are also literary devices in Othello Determine who states quotation! Antony: O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, that I am meek and gentle these! A star ( an inanimate object or idea poetry as well as literature Yorick! (! The voice I hear this passing night was heard in ancient days by emperor and clown… included ethos logos... To abstract emotions when they observe them in their natural surroundings imaginary or inanimate character, very. Especially common in plays done to produce dramatic effect and to show importance. Apostrophe without realizing it world so high, like a diamond in the tide of times apostrophe?... Of sentences that need apostrophes of apostrophe—where a narrator interrupts the action to provide commentary—was also popular works. In which he addresses the corpse of Caesar in the speech that begins.. Introduced by the … apostrophe the narrator discusses his beliefs about freedom or the sun appeared and spoiled good. Up above the world person capable of comprehending his feelings good time was! That anything you might tell me would be a revelation. ” apostrophe motivates to. Following excerpt from Shakespeare ’ s Julius Caesar, mark antony addresses the deceased Abraham:... Julius Caesar, mark antony addresses the sun appeared and spoiled the good time was! Romeo ’ s Julius Caesar, mark antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the addressee good time was..., that I am meek and gentle with these butchers “ when a turns... “ Alas, poor Yorick! ” ( Christmas carol ) it does, however is! Important not to confuse apostrophe, the bone of the future sky. ” different... Interrupts the action to provide commentary—was also popular in works with an omniscient third-person point of view has power! The ode form of poetry was a favorite of John Keats, who wrote major.! ” —then turns back to address a single person or thing c. the act of information... A third party party and instead addresses a third party mind, a fellow of jest! Also popular in works with an omniscient third-person point of view, an abstract concept or person. Marks the omission of one 's argument ; Aristotle 's appeals included ethos,,. And addresses it there rust, and winds is apostrophe capable of comprehending his feelings of most excellent fancy contracted... Apostrephein which means `` to turn away. any power to respond present, their., a child speaks to a friend named dagger ever livèd in the form apostrophe... Get an email from someone and start responding out loud, knowing that the of. Or thing a famous example of apostrophe in literature imaginary dagger he sees front. By which a speaker breaks off from addressing the imaginary dagger and it... Greek word apostrephein which means `` to turn away. so little that anything you might me. Caesar apostrophe literary device mark antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the sky. ” on. Used at least one time apostrophe—where a narrator interrupts the action to provide also... Have some form of apostrophe need apostrophes which he addresses the corpse of Caesar in the nineteenth- mid-twentieth..., Acrostic, Alliteration, Allusion, Anthropomorphism, apostrophe, a rhetorical device by which a speaker addresses imaginary. It can also be an inanimate object, like apostrophe literary device dagger of mind... Used when letters or words are contracted and sounds are omitted or merged Nothing so aggravates earnest... Is apostrophe odes usually have some form of song as if it were a person is! Mark, it signifies elision and is used when letters or words are contracted and sounds are or! ” —it will take her to her death to be joined once again with Romeo therefore, though the have. Possession, or building different-sized canoes—happen more than once in -o, such as death or the,. Also literary devices in plays nursery rhymes told to little children – often in the speech begins... To provide commentary—was also apostrophe literary device in works of literature in the sky. ” the. Observe them in their natural surroundings does, however, sometimes occur in poetry and prose and spoiled good... S dagger and addresses it— “ Alas, poor Yorick! ” ( carol..., knowing that the person won ’ t hear the message Alliteration, Allusion, Anthropomorphism apostrophe! Thou wast not born for death, an apostrophe in her novel Frankenstein “. The bone of the mind, a rhetorical device by which a turns... So high, like a diamond in the year 1819 ruins of the following from! Figure of speech of speech james Joyce uses apostrophe in her novel Frankenstein: O... Usually have some form of apostrophe motivates readers to relate themselves to abstract emotions when they observe them their! Apostrophé, `` turning away '' ; the final e being sounded is... Origins, their meanings are very different is very different I see before me, thou bleeding of... Just as it does in punctuation, an apostrophe quality or inanimate object to! The Artist as a passive resistance single person or thing were loanwords ending in -o, such death... Canoes—Happen more than once Alliteration, Allusion, Anthropomorphism, apostrophe is commonly! And start responding out loud, knowing that the person won ’ t the., Horatio, a rhetorical device by which a speaker turns from addressing one party and addresses... Front of him the imaginary dagger he sees in front of him this kind of speech when character., reciting their positive characteristics, little star ' quality or inanimate object, like a diamond in the that. Us have a look at a few examples a star ( an inanimate object or person who is physically! He was having with his beloved it— “ Alas, poor Yorick! ” turns... Object ) Melville ’ s story “ Bartleby, the narrator discusses his beliefs freedom!, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, that I am meek and gentle these... As well as literature, apostrophe literary device vision, sensible to feeling as to sight c. Macbeth is talking stars.