Document ID: 810-231-0531 [14] O'Rourke, Carol, Neal Fishman, and Warren Selkow. This article fills a complete framework for the game of Baseball. Zachman, & J.G. The ontology is a two dimensional classification schema that reflects the intersection between two historical classifications. How to use Zachman Framework Zachman Framework provides structured and disciplined way of defining an enterprise. & J.A. In 2008 Zachman Enterprise introduced the Zachman Framework: The Official Concise Definition as a new Zachman Framework standard. Whereas a travel agent company, whose business is more concerned with people and event-timing, could find it beneficial to focus their documentation efforts on Who and When columns. Durward P. Jackson (1992). It has a matrix representation, with six rows (scope contexts, business concepts, system logic, technology It was created by J.A. The framework is generic in that it can be used to classify the descriptive representations of any physical object as well as conceptual objects such as enterprises. The next step in implementing the Zachman methodology has been to define all functions related to each business process and identify associated data elements. The constraints of lower rows can, but do not necessarily affect the higher rows. 1. [24], It allows different people to look at the same thing from different perspectives. However, there is no escaping the Why column's importance as it provides the business drivers for all the other columns. Understanding the requirements and constraints necessitates communication of knowledge and understanding from perspective to perspective. The framework is purely speculative, non-empirical and based only on the conceptual argument that the "equivalency [between the architectural representations of the manufacturing and construction industries] would strengthen the argument that an analogous set of architectural representations is, Practical feedback shows that the general idea of creating comprehensive descriptions of enterprises as suggested by the Zachman Framework is unrealistic, In 2004 John Zachman admitted that the framework is theoretical and has never been fully implemented: "If you ask who is successfully implementing the whole framework, the answer is nobody that we know of yet", There are no detailed examples demonstrating the successful practical application of the framework, EA practitioner Stanley Gaver argues that "the analogy to classical architecture first made by John Zachman is faulty and incomplete", Jason Bloomberg argues that "enterprise isn’t an ordinary system like a machine or a building, and can’t be architected or engineered as such", A detailed scrutiny demonstrates that the Zachman Framework is actually based only on purely speculative arguments, promoted with fictional promises, has no practical use cases and, from the historical perspective, didn't introduce any innovative ideas missing before, This page was last edited on 14 May 2020, at 18:25. Even in the current economic down-turn, savvy companies are turning to EA and The Zachman Framework for help. One of the strengths of the Zachman Framework is that it explicitly shows a comprehensive set of views that can be addressed by enterprise architecture. SABSA closely follows the Zachman Framework and is adapted to a security focus. [26] In addition, the six categories of enterprise architecture components, and the underlying interrogatives that they answer, form the columns of the Zachman Framework and these are:[24], In Zachman’s opinion, the single factor that makes his framework unique is that each element on either axis of the matrix is explicitly distinguishable from all the other elements on that axis. related to those items. The main purpose of the Zachman framework is to develop an infrastructure that supports companies How to use Zachman Framework Zachman Framework provides structured and disciplined way of defining an enterprise. It may be employed in the (in that time considered more esoteric) areas of enterprise architecture, data-driven systems design, data classification criteria, and more. This diagram[40] has been incorporated within the VA-EA to provide a symbolic representation of the metamodel it used, to describe the One-VA Enterprise Architecture and to build an EA Repository without the use of Commercial EA Repository Software. [26] In addition, the six categories of enterprise architecture components, and the underlying interrogatives that they answer, form the columns of the Zachman Framework and these are:[24], In Zachman's opinion, the single factor that makes his framework unique is that each element on either axis of the matrix is explicitly distinguishable from all the other elements on that axis. Since the product development (i.e., architectural artifact) in each cell or the problem solution embodied by the cell is the answer to a question from a perspective, typically, the models or descriptions are higher-level depictions or the surface answers of the cell. Mapping the IEC 62264 models onto the Zachman framework for analysing products information traceability. The framework provides six increasingly detailed views or levels of abstraction from six different perspectives. This framework is explained as, for example: Beside the frameworks developed by John Zachman, numerous extensions and/or applications have been developed, which are also sometimes called Zachman Frameworks, however they generally tend to be graphical overlays of the actual framework itself. This organization helps ensure Rule 1: Do not add rows or columns to the framework. Although the framework will carry the relation from one column to the other, it is still a fundamentally structural representation of the enterprise and not a flow representation. Vladan Jovanovic et all (2006) presents a Zachman Cube, an extended of the Zachman Framework into a multidimensional Zachman's Cube. An upper row or perspective does not necessarily have a more comprehensive understanding of the whole than a lower perspective. The Zachman Framework Help topics provide a detailed exploration of the Zachman Framework tools and features, such as. One of the later versions of the Zachman Framework, offered by Zachman International as industry standard. The next step in implementing the methodology has been to define all functions related to each business process and identify associated data elements. A quick examination of the Zachman Framework, however, will suggest that business processes are not central to Zachman’s conception. It helps me gain perspective to helicopter up, as well as when I … It provides a synoptic view of the models needed for enterprise architecture. The Zachman Framework uses a 36-column matrix to help organize your company’s enterprise architecture and lend insight into your organization’s IT assets. "Process-Based Planning in Information Resource Management". Some companies claim to use the Framework to organize their corporate data, and it is often cited as an example of an enterprise architecture. Eventually an enterprise architecture repository was created at the macro level by the Zachman framework and at a cell level by the meta-model outlined below.[39]. The framework does not define a methodology for an architecture. The framework does not define a methodology for an architecture. Although the Zachman Framework applies to enterprises, the Framework itself is generic. The Department of Veterans Affairs at the beginning of the 21st century planned to implement an enterprise architecture fully based on the Zachman Framework. This diagram is the exclusive work of Albin Martin Zuech of Annapolis Maryland, who placed it in the public domain in 2001. I use the Zachman Framework to help me organize my thoughts around the management of our data inventory. Eventually an enterprise architecture repository was created at the macro level by the Zachman framework and at a cell level by the meta-model outlined below.[39]. SABSA (Sherwood Applied Business Security Architecture) is an operational risk management framework that includes an array of models and methods to be used both independently and as a holistic enterprise architecture solution. Originality/value This is an original research work. The Zachman Framework The intent of The Enterprise Framework is to provide a more “human consumable” understanding of the artifacts required in Enterprise Architecture, provide templates and definitions of all of the artifacts required, and provide the Enterprise Architecture community with complete guidance on all of the framework content. In: Vladan Jovanovic, Stevan Mrdalj & Adrian Gardiner (2006). An automaker whose business goals may necessitate an inventory and process-driven focus, could find it beneficial to focus their documentation efforts on What and How columns. The personal motivation in selecting this tool was two-fold: This diagram emphasizes several important interpretations of the Zachman Framework and its adaptation to information technology investment management. However, this tool permitted defining entities and relationships and for defining properties upon both entities and relationships, which made it sufficient for building an EA repository, considering the technology available in early 2003. The first EA frameworks appeared including the PRISM framework in 1986 (which was sponsored by IBM among other companies), the Zachman Framework in 1987 and the NIST EA model in 1989. This diagram emphasizes several important interpretations of the Zachman Framework and its adaptation to information technology investment management. Now somewhere in the past this "A Tutorial on the Zachman Architecture Framework". ThomWire, LLC: Zachman Framework at the Government of Ontario Zachman Framework at the Government of Ontario The Government of Ontario developed an Enterprise Architecture (EA) by using the Zachman Framework as the foundation for coordination, planning and implementation of its information technology and management. Less obvious are the ways the original Zachman framework has stimulated the development of other enterprise architecture frameworks, such as in the NIST Enterprise Architecture Model, the C4ISR AE, the DOE AE, and the DoDAF: The Zachman Framework methodology has for example been used by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to develop and maintain its One-VA Enterprise Architecture in 2001. It was developed using an object oriented database within the Caliber-RM Software Product. John Zachman’s co-author John Sowa proposed the additions of the Scope perspective of the ‘planner’ (bounding lists common to the enterprise and its environment) and the Detailed Representation perspective of the ‘sub-contractor’ (being the out of context vendor solution components). Thousands of years of linguistic experience would establish that Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How are the six primitive interrogatives. Information Systems Architecture does not define in detail what the models should contain, it does not enforce the modeling language used for each model, and it does not propose a method for creating these models.[17]. & J.A. TEAF Work Products for EA Direction, Description, and Accomplishment. [12] Some feel that following this model completely can lead to too much emphasis on documentation, as artifacts would be needed for every one of the thirty cells in the framework. An upper row or perspective does not necessarily have a more comprehensive understanding of the whole than a lower perspective. If a cell is not made explicit (defined), it is implicit (undefined). Hervé Panetto, Salah Baïna, Gérard Morel (2007). a two-dimensional schema, used to organize the detailed representations of the enterprise. This creates a holistic view of the environment, an important capability illustrated in the figure. If you can answer all of these six questions, then you can derive answers to any other questions about the subject or object. [24], The kinds of models or architectural descriptive representations are made explicit at the intersections of the rows and columns. [1], The Zachman Framework is not a methodology in that it does not imply any specific method or process for collecting, managing, or using the information that it describes. [12] Some feel that following this model completely can lead to too much emphasis on documentation, as artifacts would be needed for every one of the thirty cells in the framework. [13] Zachman, John A. In the 1992 article "Extending and Formalizing the Framework for Information Systems Architecture" John F. Sowa and John Zachman present the framework and its recent extensions and show how it can be formalized in the notation of conceptual graphs. [18] Also in 1992: In the 1997 paper "Concepts of the Framework for Enterprise Architecture" Zachman explained that the framework should be referred to as a "Framework for Enterprise Architecture", and should have from the beginning. SABSA uses Zachman’s six questions that we’… Zachman Framework is applied in customized frameworks such as the TEAF, built around the similar frameworks, the TEAF matrix. ", "Fake and Real Tools for Enterprise Architecture", "Fake and Real Tools for Enterprise Architecture: The Zachman Framework and Business Capability Model", The Zachman Framework: The Official Concise Definition, UML, RUP, and the Zachman Framework: Better together, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zachman_Framework&oldid=956683811, Wikipedia articles with possible conflicts of interest from March 2015, Wikipedia articles that are too technical from February 2012, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Zachman framework further defines these six elements at 6 levels (rows), ranging from the conceptual view to the technical you. Using the Zachman Framework Get started with the Zachman Framework, learning about the model structure, templates, diagram types and more. a two-dimensional schema, used to organize the detailed representations of the enterprise. It is the integration of answers to these questions that enables the comprehensive, composite description of complex ideas. An automaker, whose business goals may necessitate an inventory and process-driven focus, could find it beneficial to focus their documentation efforts on What and How columns. The current version (3) of the Zachman Framework categorizes the rows as follows: In summary, each perspective focuses attention on the same fundamental questions, then answers those questions from that viewpoint, creating different descriptive representations (i.e., models), which translate from higher to lower perspectives. This VA Zachman Framework Portal is still in use as a reference model for example in the determination of EA information collected from various business and project source documents. These perspectives are represented in a two-dimensional matrix that defines along the rows the type of stakeholders and with the columns the aspects of the architecture. Another application of the Zachman Framework is as reference model for other enterprise architectures, see for example these four: EAP mapped to the Zachman Framework, 1999. The Framework points the vertical direction for that communication between perspectives. This framework suggests a logical structure for categorizing, organizing and describing a detailed illustration of a company. Each cell of the framework contains such a series of standards for healthcare and healthcare information system.[33]. Geiger, 1997. Representations in Mr. Zuech’s interpretation of Zachman row-six consist, largely, of measurable service improvements and cost savings/avoidance that result from the business process and technology innovations that were developed across rows two through five. The Zachman Framework uses the method of taxonomy to organize a massive variety of documents and materials into categories that suit them. The One-VA EA repository was developed using an object oriented database within the Caliber-RM Software Product. The diagram emphasizes the importance of the often-neglected Zachman Row-Six (the Integrated, Operational Enterprise View). Each cell of the framework contains such a series of standards for healthcare and healthcare information system.[33]. [16] In searching for an objective, independent basis upon which to develop a framework for information systems architecture, Zachman looked at the field of classical architecture, and a variety of complex engineering projects in industry. This diagram is the exclusive work of Albin Martin Zuech of Annapolis Maryland, who placed it in the public domain in 2001. [24], The Zachman Framework typically is depicted as a bounded 6 x 6 "matrix" with the Communication Interrogatives as Columns and the Reification Transformations as Rows. Decomposition (i.e., drill down to greater levels of detail) takes place within each cell. The Zachman Framework has evolved in its thirty-year history to include: In other sources the Zachman Framework is introduced as a framework, originated by and named after John Zachman, represented in numerous ways, see image. Keri Anderson Healey assisted by creating a model of the models (the framework metamodel) which was also included in the article. Framework for EA Direction, Description, and Accomplishment Overview. Hervé Panetto, Salah Baïna, Gérard Morel (2007). Since the 1990s the Zachman Framework has been widely used as a means of providing structure for information technology engineering-style enterprise modeling. The Zachman Framework provides the thirty-six necessary categories for completely describing anything; especially complex things like manufactured goods (e.g., appliances), constructed structures (e.g., buildings), and enterprises (e.g., the organization and all of its goals, people, and technologies). Because a cell is created by the intersection of a perspective and a focus, each is distinctive and unique. Zachman Framework is also used as a framework to describe standards, for example standards for healthcare and healthcare information system. The Zachman The framework is a simple and logical structure for classifying and organizing the descriptive representations of an enterprise. The refined models or designs supporting that answer are the detailed descriptions within the cell. In 2008 Zachman Enterprise introduced the Zachman Framework: The Official Concise Definition as a new Zachman Framework standard. "Process-Based Planning in Information Resource Management". The Chief Information Officers Council (1999). Framework for EA Direction, Description, and Accomplishment Overview. For example, the constraints of higher rows affect the rows below. This framework suggests a logical structure for categorizing, organi zing, and describing a detail ed picture of a company. The Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture: ... It’s designed for the U.S. government, but it can also be applied to private companies that want to use the framework. [16], The Information Systems Architecture is designed to be a classification schema for organizing architecture models. Zachman framework: The Zachman framework is a logical structure intended to provide a comprehensive representation of an information technology enterprise. It is also recursive in that it can be used to analyze the architectural composition of itself. "The Framework for Enterprise Architecture: Background, Description and Utility." He saw a similar approach and concluded that architectures exist on many levels and involves at least three perspectives: raw material or data, function of processes, and location or networks. It is a logical structure for classifying and organizing the design artifacts of an enterprise that are significant to its management. Leveraging the Zachman Framework Implementation Using Action-Research Methodology - A Case Study: Aligning the Enterprise Architecture and the … It offers structural connections into any aspect of an enterprise. Difficult to incorporate best-of-breed tools and representations from other vendors or form open sources 30.... Is implicit, the assumptions are valid, then time and money are saved diagram and! 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