The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. However, there are also Natural Landmarks that are absolutely beautiful in Nigeria. Nigeria Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, … Most Sufis follow the Qadiriyya, Tijaniyyah or Mouride movement. Lagos State is the smallest state in Nigeria, with a total land area of 3,475 square kilometres (1,342 square miles). Below is a map of Nigeria with the 36 states (with Abuja inclusive) decorated in outstanding colours. as shown in archaeological records. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Nigeria's location in the tropics has given her a tropical hot climate. Niger is West Africa's largest country. The landlocked West African country of Niger occupies an area of 1,267,000 sq. View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed Affiliation: Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London Medical School (Royal Free Campus), Rowland Hill street, London, NW3 2PF, United Kingdom. Description: Detailed large political map of Nigeria showing names of capital cities, towns, states, provinces and boundaries with neighbouring countries. Nigeria is located in western Africa. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Due to their location in the tropics, this elevation is high enough to reach the temperate climate line in the tropics thereby giving the highlands, mountains and the plateau regions standing above this height, a cool mountain climate. Currently, 51.2 % of the population of Nigeria is urban (102,805,995 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Nigeria is 221 people per Km 2 (571 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 910,770 Km2 (351,650 sq. The southern part of Nigeria experiences heavy and abundant rainfall. Geography. The rest of the southeast receives between 2,000 and 3,000 mm (118.1 in) of rain per year. In this post, we take a look at the 36 states of the country. With the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) swinging northward over West Africa from the Southern Hemisphere in April, heavy showers coming from pre-monsoonal convective clouds mainly in the form of squall lines also known as the north easterlies formed mainly as a result of the interactions of the two dominant airmasses in Nigeria known as the Maritime tropical (south westerlies) and the Continental tropical (north easterlies),[5] begins in central Nigeria while the Monsoons from the south atlantic ocean arrives in central Nigeria in July bringing with it high humidity, heavy cloud cover and heavy rainfall which can be daily occurrence lasting till September when the monsoons gradually begin retreating southward to the southern part of Nigeria. Explore Nigeria Using Google Earth: Nigeria is the heavenly nation of Africa, where tourists enjoy their stay to its peak. -South south : home to important place in Nigeria like Port Harcourt, calabar ( the best tourist site in Nigeria) and the region produces the states with the highest amount of IGR. Nigeria, like the rest of West Africa and other tropical lands, has only two seasons. Huge deposits of natural oil and gas are the most important physical features of Nigeria, which make it one of the biggest players in the whole world. During the dominance of the Tropical Maritime Airmass (MT) in the rainy season of Nigeria, mornings are bright and sunny, the sun's heating of the land in the mornings and afternoons sets up convectional currents, these currents rise vertically and cumulonimbus clouds are formed, by afternoons to evenings, torrential downpour follows. To the southwest of the Niger there is "rugged" highland, and to the southeast of the Benue hills and mountains are found all the way to the border with Cameroon. The geopolitical zones in Nigeria are currently six in number, with each containing a set of people with similar culture, belonging to the same ethnic group or even sharing the same history. This is entirely within the tropical zone. It is a vast land, from diversity of people and languages to its natural resources. It is a landlocked nation located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. The Tropical continental airmass is dusty and creates a haze within the atmosphere of west Africa and Nigeria when it predominates. Around 1400, the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century. West Africa comes directly under the sun at this time. Nigeria is a country on the coast of West Africa, bordered in south by the Bight of Benin and the Bight of Biafra (Bight of Bonny), both part of the Gulf of Guinea, by Niger in north, Benin in west, Cameroon in south east, and by Chad in north east by a boundary across Lake Chad. The map above is a political map of the world centered on Europe and Africa. Contents. Rainfall totals in central Nigeria varies from 1,100 mm (43.3 in) in the lowlands of the river Niger Benue trough to over 2,000 mm (78.7 in) along the south western escarpment of the Jos Plateau.[6]. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. The rainy season in the northern part of Nigeria last for only three to four months (June–September). Regional Directory of EuropeInformation and guide about Europe and websites with European topics. It is also a dry air mass formed over land in an area close to the equator. The latitude is the position relative to the equator, specifying the north-south position. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. The dry season is accompanied by a dust laden airmass from the Sahara Desert, locally known as Harmattan, or by its main name, The Tropical Continental (CT) airmass, while the rainy season is heavily influenced by an airmass originating from the south Atlantic ocean, locally known as the south western wind, or by its main name, The Tropical Maritime (MT) airmass. The rest of the year is hot and dry with temperatures climbing as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) . It is one of the world's largest arcuate fan-shaped river deltas. The six geopolitical zones in Nigeria were created during the military regime of President Ibrahim Babangida.Nigeria’s economic, political and educational resources are often shared across the zones. Nigeria has 530 miles of coastline that’s limited by the borders of Benin in the west and the border of Cameroon in the south. With a population of over 170 million and growing, Nigeria is the largest of the countries. Abia State; Located in the South Eastern part of Nigeria, Abia State was created from Imo State in 1991. Numerous sandy islands occur with fresh water vegetation. 10 most important landmarks on a map of Nigeria are: 1. Temperatures are above 18 °C (64 °F) throughout the year. Nigeria - Geographical Names, map, geographic coordinates. Zoom Map. The These two major wind systems in Nigeria are known as the trade winds. Nigeria Map - Physical Map of Nigeria Description: The Physical Map of Nigeria showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, Ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. 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