So Arjuna asked Krishna that  how Karna would be better than  his brother Yudhistira. Here we will tell you some stories about the ‘suryaputra’, proving he was nothing less than a hero. Karna (Sanskrit: कर्ण, IAST: Karṇa), also known as Vasusena, Anga-raja, and Radheya, is one of the major characters of the Hindu epic Mahābhārata. Pusalkar, A. D. 1940. He was raised by charioteers. For a while he is moved by the meaninglessness of the war where men kill each other. Same is the case with our lives. The second story is that of Karna's sojourn with his Guru, Parashurama. ), the invulnerable hero of the Indian epic Mahabharata, as a hero on the vanquished side. Karna was cursed by three different- different persons because of his three different incidents which made his fate worse. The astra advised by Parasurama is found powerless at the needed hour. Generous Karna, rather than asking her why she had remembered him after all these years, and asking if her sons won't kill him if he did not kill them, assured her that she will remain the mother of five Pandavas as always - either he or Arjun would die. Kunti felt ashamed of it, put Karna in a basket and floated him across the river. Accepting the challenge from Arjuna and Krishna the revitalized Karna proceed to this ultimate fate heroically. The owner of the cow, brahmin cursed Karna as he would become helpless when he needs his power most in his life because killing a cow is a Apraadh in hindu dharma because the cow is always worshipping as a goddess in Hinduism. Ltd. New Delhi, India 1968, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 00:00. To answer this… Karna was full of pride/hatred and in an act of vengeance insults Draupadi and calls her all … Bruckner, H. His mother abandoned him upon birth. Then Parashurama deduced at once that Karna is a kshatriya and not a Brahmin because a brahmin can not endure such pain. She tested this by callingSurya, and had Karna. Angered by this treachery, Parashurama cursed Karna that he would forget all his lie-begotten vidya in the moment of true need. But in Karnabhara, the curse of Parashurama is, "Your weapons will be powerless at the moment of need (Shloka 10)." Karnabharam is a one-act play, and its reading time is short. Thus, the play starts with a messenger of Duryodhana and ends with a scene involving the messenger from Indra. A bug sat on Karna's thigh and began to bite so viciously that Karna started bleeding. Karna's memories of his mother's request not to kill his own brothers and the curse of his Guru are fresh in this scene. In the original, Indra feigning as a brahmin asks for the armor and earrings, and Karna obliges. He understands that the whole plot is masterminded by the shrewd Krishna and accepts his fate. And then there are the Kauravas, because of them everything had destroyed. KARNA CURSED BY A COWHERD • Once Karna was practicing his Archery skills and accidentally hit a cow. As part of his reaction, he cursed that the entire woman’s race would not … Mother Earth’s Curse. Big boss winner Gauhar Khan’s pre-wedding festivities, Ex-contestants reacts on Rahul Vaidya’s comeback:Big Boss 14, As Saathiya Clocks 18, Vivek Oberoi Recreates “O Humdum Suniyo Re” On The Streets Of Mumbai, Yuzvendra Chahal Ties Knot With Dhanashree Verma, Amazon Echo Show Now Supports Netflix With “Alexa, Open Netflix” In India, BJP’s Ujjain MP Tops The List Of ‘Most Helpful’ MPs This Covid Year: Survey, Best 5G Smartphones The World Is Gushing About. [9], Karnabharam is the shortest and the least action-oriented among the plays written by Bhasa. But the stream of warm blood touched Parashurama, who woke up and realized that such fortitude was beyond a Brahmin. Parashurama came to know that Karna was not a Brahmin. Indra accepts and goes away. Karna once helped a little girl who had split Milk (or Ghee) on the ground and … Three major changes are: First, the play is characterized by a friendly dialogue between Karna and Shalya, his Charioteer. Karna once saw a girl who  was crying soo badly.So he wants to help her then Karna asked that small girl why she was crying, she told that she split ghee on earth accidentally and her mother will scold her if she will not go with ghee bowl. When confronted by the Guru, Karna admitted that he had lied about his Jati. He was also cursed by a Brahmin as he practiced with arrows and bows and accidentally killed a Brahmin’s cow. Then, once upon a time, when Parashurama had taken his disciples in the forest, Parashurama slept with his head on Karna's lap during siesta. He refused and they returned empty handed. Second, in the original, Surya - Karna's father visits him in his dream and warns him of a possible cheating by Indra (Vanaparva). The mockery and adulation of the society moulds his person and fate. Of course, after Kunti married the king Pandu (Sanskrit: पाण्डु), who was cursed to die if and when he attempted to make love, Kunti had three more sons (Yudhisthira, Arjuna and Bhima) by three different Gods. Mahakavi Bhasa Virachitam: Karnabharam. You will be cursed somewhere down the road. So, he cursed Karna that he would forget all the essential knowledge of weapons when he would need them the most. Also read- Interesting facts about Mahabharat! Bulletin d’Études Indiennes 17–18, 499–549. Dave, P. C. and Dave S. J., 2012-13. Stories from Mahabharata forming the base of Karnabharam, Dr.G.K.Bhat, 1947. Karna again responds valiantly that "I never seek the return on what I have gifted." Karna also remembers the event involving his Guru's curse. In later life, he was cursed not once but many times. Karna suspected treachery, but since he did not want to break his vow of granting every wish made after his puja, he gave those two objects away. 3 curse which killed Karna... Facts about Karna, Karna was cursed 3 times on different occasions which led to the death of Karna. (Sanskrit: दत्तस्य न प्रतिगृह्णामि) But, the messenger insists that he keep it "because of the request from a Brahmin." This vision adds to his turbulence. Both are highly esteemed in this world - there is nothing like failure in war.]. [6] The Malayali script of these plays was found on 105 palm leaves, believed to be about 300 years old when found. The play was performed as part of the National Theatre Festival of National School of Drama. In fact mythological sources say that it was the king of Gods - Indra who had stung Karna in the form of the bee so that he would be cursed by the great sage. Somehow they wanted to justify this and interplolated a story saying it was the curse of the mother earth and therefore Karna could not do anythng about it !! It was raining heavily at that time and Yudhisthir didn’t find any dry wood . But in Karnabhara, the curse of Parashurama is, "Your weapons will be powerless at the moment of need (Shloka 10)." ‘Manuscripts and performance traditions of the so-called “Trivandrum Plays” ascribed to Bhāsa: a report on work in progress’. In this clip from episode 152 of Mahabharat, Karna supports Ashwatthama in the court where he insults Draupadi. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Proudly powered by WordPress Karna posed himself as a brahmin and went to the great Teacher parushuram to learn the art of warfare .and when Lord Parushuram came to know of the Deceit he cursed him even though he knew about Karnas real Birth keeping in mind the Big picture that would be played out later. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. For Duryodhana, it did not matter what Shakuni said or did, it was Karna’s advice which always sealed the deal. Karna was famous for his loyalty for his friendship to Duyodhan. Mahamahopadhyaya T. Ganapati Sastri made this discovery as part of his field research at the site called Manalikkar located in Kanyakumari district, which is now within the city of Trivandrum (now Thiruvanantapuram). Then comes the part where Karna loses the Kavach Kundal and earns the Indrastra. Invocation of Narasimha may stir the emotions of fear and cast the dark shadows of killing and death, which is also indicative of the nature of the plot of the play.[15]. Please don’t be angry with me.” Parashurama flew into a rage, “You idiot, you think you can come here, wear a false sacred thread and deceive me to get all this out of me? However, since his curse was irrevocable, he gifted Karna with a celestial weapon called the Bhargavastra and his own bow, Vijaya, for being a diligent student. [3] Karnabharam is essentially the retelling of an episode of the Indian epic Mahabharata but the story is presented in a different perspective in the play. Munshiram Manoharlal Oriental Publishers & Booksellers, Delhi. New Problems in Bhāsa Plays. on Hotstar Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad (in Gujarati). - this Karna of Bhasa faces a much more ominous threat. Whether he is the son of Kunthy and Soorya, or Radha and Sutha? Thirteen Trivandrum plays ascribed to Bhāsa( 2 Vols), translated by H.C.Woolner, Lakshman Sarup, 193, A.D. Pusalker : Bhasa – a study. Not wanting to disturb his Guru's sleep, Karna did not move or even make a sound. Kuntiwas granted a special chant to use to call upon a god to impregnate her. In the background is the story that identifies Karna as the son of Kunti, born of Surya (Sanskrit: सूर्य) at the time when she was still unmarried. Was he really lying when he told his Guru that he was not a Kshatriya? Yet, he knows that none of his expertise and his weapons will serve his will. Although Karna's story appears in various parts of Mahabharata, all of them appearing together and serving the backdrop for Karna's intense stress, feeling of being let down in life and un-auspicious omens pointing at impending fate, Bhasa's Karna tells Shalya, "हतोSपि लभते स्वर्गं जित्वा तु लभते यश: Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute 35, 73–83, Bhat, G.K., 1968. Also, in the original, when asked by Indra to get something in return for a great act of charity, Karna asks for the ability to kill the enemy. Then started the great battle with Karna fighting from Duryodhana’s side. After Nandi, the Sutradhara presents the auspicious shloka, a seeking blessing or wishing well for the audience. Fourth, in the original, when Karna goes to Parashurama, he identifies himself as a brahmin. It's said that his selfless nature, and the good karma earned from this was what kept him alive as long as he did. When Karna told the truth about him being a charioteer’s son and not a kshatriya , Parasurama’s anger subsided a little. 4 (Winter, 1989), MIT Press, pp. 2. Your email address will not be published. The great warrior Karna, the son of Surya is seen distributed and depressed in the war-field instead of being mighty and powerful. It is also worth noting that the Mangala Shloka of Karnabharam seeks blessings of the Narasimha avatar of Vishnu. Awasthi and Schechner (1988)[17] note that the length of "Karnabharam" should be given its due importance. Karna cursed by Parashurama. The problem of Karnabhara. A little while later, a messenger sent by Indra arrives and gives him what Indra sent in reciprocation - a weapon named Vimla, which never failed in killing the target. [11], The play begins with a scene in which, a soldier sent by Duryodhana informs Karna that the time to go to the battlefield had arrived. Rishi Parshuram was the guru of Karna. Karna, almost dead, took a bow and arrow and punctured Earth so that there was a spring of water to wash the teeth clean. He says that irrespective of his victory or defeat, war is a real waste. A)Parshuram:-Rishi Parshuram was the guru of Karna. [16] The battle of his life awaits him, as he is now the General of the Kaurava army. In Karnabharam, a guilty Indra sends the weapon, which Karna refuses to accept, saying that he does not seek the return on charity. Thus ends Bhasa’s play Karnabharan. Death is imminent in this case, as his adversary is none other than Arjuna, one of the greatest warriors of that time. The third story is about Karna's generosity and the vow of charity that remained unbroken even at the cost of his own life. He was rescued and reared by a charioteer family. Indian film actor Mohanlal portrayed Karna in the play.[18][19]. B. Keith, 1924. "Theatre of Roots": Encounter with Tradition, TDR Vol. Enraged Yudhisthira Cursed … The central conflict of The Mahabharata is the war over influence between the Pandava royal family and Kaurava royal family. 'Bhara' or burden is the central theme. Lord Surya announcing that Karna was his son to an unknown Kshatriya woman of noble character. The child got her ghee but the force that Karna used was so enormous that it hurt the Earth Goddess. Many times we heard that he was cursed by Rishi Parshuram but he was not only cursed by Parshuram . (Sanskrit: ननु ब्राह्मणवचनात् गृह्यताम्) Karna accepts and asks Shalya once again to take his chariot to where stands Arjuna (Sanskrit: यत्रासावर्जुनस्तत्रैव चोध्यतां मम रथ:). I will curse you.” Karna begged, “Please – I am not a Brahmana, but I am not … Karnabharam as we know today is one of the 13 manuscripts of plays which are generally attributed to Bhasa with some dissent. It is perhaps the only potential tragedy in the classic Sanskrit literature, presented in a form that comes closest to the "Vyayoga" (Sanskrit: व्यायोग) form of one-act play. It makes sense, because, if Karna did not know that Kunta was his mother until the announcement of war, then he only knew that his foster parents were Shudras - the charioteers of Duryodhana. That will make the curse even worse and further derogate his situation. O Narada, Yudhisthira replied, indeed, I have conquered the whole earth relying … Every morning, Karna performed puja of Surya, followed by a session of charity wherein he granted all the favors requested by the people who came to him for help. In that case, Karna's statement that he was not a Kshatriya was probably not a lie. Unlike his younger brothers, Karna was given up by his mother Kunti. Was it not a Dharma to act kindly towards someone who had been kind? Karna or Vasusena or … Once, Arjuna asked Lord Krishna why he called Yudhishtira, Dharamaraj, and Karna, Daanveer. Karna not psychologically weakened by Krishna and Kunti by revealing his birth secret before war. He thought that Karna should have had the same right as them and that Kunti should not have kept such a big secret from them. Karna was #Sadhguru #Karna #Mahabharat. He was the king of Anga kingdom. Karna accepts, and on the battlefield Shalya continually criticizes Karna, reminding him of his low birth and other failures in life. Lord Krishna always used to praise the greatness of Karna in front of Arjuna but Arjun gets jealous. Was it his fault that a Shudra Charioteer adopted him? And yet, valiant Karna, the hero of Karnabharam, manages to retain his composure while telling the story of Parashurama's curse. Kunti revealed that Karna was her son, and one of them. Karna tells Salya about the curse given by his Guru, Parasurama. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He was great sacrifier than his brother Yudhisthir. This caused severe pain to BHU DEVI (Goddess) and she cursed him that his chariot wheel will be struck in the earth when he was fighting in a crucial part of the war for his respect, value and life and at that time he will loose that war. The Nandi occurs first, but we do not know how it was being performed in Bhasa's plays. The basic plot of this play is inspired by Mahabharata. When the Pandavas and Kauravas had finished their training, a grand ceremony was organized to show their remarkable skills. The treatment of the play takes it beyond reality, beyond the caricature of farce into a realm that transcends the space and time and gets related to the social realities of today. - this Karna of Bhasa faces a much more ominous threat. Like all the Pandavas, his real father was a god, in this case, Surya. | [8] Soon after, two more were found and lastly, another intact play, ascertained as Dootavakyam was found - thus bringing the number of plays to 13. But Karna lied to him for learing archery, he claimed that he was a brahmin. Karna was one of the greatest warriors of ancient India as given in the Mahabharatha. Bombay University, Kashinath Pandurang Parab, 1924. (2nd Ed.) Karna said, “Yes, I am not a Brahmana. However, the play contains a multitude of staging signs, and their variety increases its performance time greatly (p. 51). Once Karna told a lie to his guru that he was a Brahmana. Karna’s chariot wheel not being stuck. The tragic hero of Mahabharata had his share of curses. In Karnabharam, Karna offers one thing after another, refused by Indra and in the end, offers on his own, his armor and earrings. His reputation spread far and wide, and people lined up waiting for Karna's Surya-puja to be over, so that they could request for Karna's charity. Yudhisthira’s grief. The word 'bhara' in the title may refer to. This made Arjuna know how much great sacrificer was Karna. In an act of vengeance she cursed Karna, saying that his wheel of his chariot would get trapped in muck during a very critical part of the war. He is worried of his birth, his caste and his social status. Parashurama was a sworn enemy of Kshatriyas and he taught archery (Dhanurvidya) only to the Brahmins. The play has many deviations from the original Mahabharata and all deviations are purposeful. Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad, A. (?) ‘The problem of the Mahābhārata plays of Bhāsa’. His life indeed was cursed right from the beginning when his mother abandoned him on the very first day of his birth. Once Lord Krishna said that  Karna is a  great sacrifice and it hurts Arjuna because he knew Yudhistira was best in that. In the Vyasa version, it happens much earlier. Karnabharam shows the valiant, generous, righteous Karna riding out towards the battle-ground, where his death under heart-wrenching circumstances is certain. That’s why he played game with Karna. Mahakavi Kalidasa Virachitam Karnabharam (in Gujarati). But Karna lied to him for learing archery, he claimed that he was a brahmin. As if reflecting this inner shadows, his horses and elephants also appear dull, weak and frightened. Even the Sun god also spoke to Karna but because of his friendship with Duryodhana, he did not change his position. Karna’s birth mother was Kunti . "Indra cheated you! Karna was found by Kshatriyas and not by a Suta. During the war, Krishna helped Arjun to kill KARAN. Kunti makes Karna promise that he will not harm his brother and Karna promises her that he will not attack the Pandavas except for Arjun in order to fulfil both, Putra (son) and Mitra (friend) Dharam. उभे बहुमते लोके नास्ति निष्फलता रणे ॥ १२॥, [Meaning: If killed, one attains heaven and if victorious, gains glory. The play had a duration of 55 minutes. Karna led a cursed life from the moment he was born. Karnabhara - An Edition of the One-Act Play Ascribed to Bhasa Based on Three Manuscripts, Dave, P. C. and Dave S. J., 2012-13. Indra is in the attire of a Brahmin, and he does not reveal his identity. The Karna of the Mahabharata (in Karnaparva) fights bravely in spite of nagging criticism of Shalya. So much so, that according to the authors, Bhasa's Madhyama Vyagoga, Urubhanga and Karnabharam take four times as long as it takes to rea, Karnabharam, the Sanskrit language play was staged at the Siri Fort Auditorium in New Delhi on 29 March 2001. The same Indra later exploited Karna's generosity and took away the the Kavacha (body armour) and Kundana (ear rings) that virtually made Karna … Watch this mythology clip from Mahabharat streaming online, only on Hotstar. Karna not demotivated by Salya. The loss of the ear rings and the armour at the crucial time which increased his bhara or responsibility as the commander of the army. Further, the time of Indra’s appearance in the play happens on the 17th day of the battle. Yet, why did his enemy's father cheat him and robbed him of the only protection that was left with him? Karna was the eldest of the Pandava brothers. First they visited Yuddhisthir, asked for wood for cooking food. From Karna's narration to Shalya, one cannot help but sense Karna's distress: What was he being punished for? Karna wonders why, as it was customary, the receiver did not give the usual blessing of 'live long' (Sanskrit: दीर्घायु भव). The Malavikagnimitra of Kalidasa: with commentary of Katyavema (Ed. Bhasa's Karna is gallant and very, very generous. The brahmin cursed Karna for giving him teeth with saliva on it. In that case, Karna's statement that he was not a Kshatriya was probably not a lie. Karna once killed one cow . In fact, rather than countering to the unfairness of the world by unfairness, Karna turned himself out as a great warrior and a philanthropist, a gracious giver, who gave unconditionally, without any expectations of returned favors. The play analyses the reasons. Karna of Karnabharam is not aided or supported by anyone from his family, and it appears ironic that Indra, Arjun's biological father goes to Karna to protect his son, while Sun, the biological father of Karna, watches on from the sky. Mahabharat streaming online, only Duryodhana had helped him 1989 ), the son of Kunti... When Karna promises Indra to give him whatever he wants, Indra blesses him with glory! 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