Although acquiring its unique standing without the aid of any established authority, it was fostered by the public schools (Winchester, Eton, Harrow, Rugby, and so on) and the ancient universities (Oxford and Cambridge). This term is used to distinguish the quality of written English language used in the UK from other varieties. English language - English language - Varieties of English: The abbreviation RP (Received Pronunciation) denotes what is traditionally considered the standard accent of people living in London and the southeast of England and of other people elsewhere who speak in this way. Dialects are linguistic varieties that may differ in pronunciation, vocabulary, spelling and grammar.For the classification of varieties of English only in terms of pronunciation, see regional accents of English.. Dialects can be defined as "sub-forms of languages which are, in general, mutually comprehensible." The resident population … British English. Map showing the dialect regions of the United States. Spanish 6. The abbreviation RP (Received Pronunciation) denotes what is traditionally considered the standard accent of people living in London and the southeast of England and of other people elsewhere who speak in this way. Hindi 3. The first large wave of permanent English-speaking settlement in Canada, and linguistically the most important, was the influx of loyalists fleeing the American Revolution, chiefly from the Mid-Atlantic States – as such, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Washington, D.C., Virginia, and West Virginia. Canadian English is believed by some scholars to have derived from northern American English. The European Union has mandated British English (not literally "British", but rather the variety of English used in Cyprus, Ireland, Malta, and the UK) as an official language of the EU, and it is generally standard British English that Another South Western feature is the development of a d between l or n and r, as in parlder for parlour and carnder for corner. Commonwealth English is the most important language variety in Australia, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, the Cook Islands, Dominica, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Guyana, Ireland, Jamaica, Isle of Man, Jersey, Malta, Montserrat, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, the Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint … * * * * * * Read on to find out more about the various types of English language that are present in countries around the world. Flirting in Russian: Top Words and Phrases, Holiday Gift Guide: 10 Thoughtful (And Unique) Gifts. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Southern dialect area covers the coastal region from Delaware to South Carolina. Australian English began to diverge from British English after the founding of the Colony of New South Wales in 1788 and was recognized as being different from British English by 1820. Canadian English There are many varieties of English spoken around the world, and Canadian English is one The influence of the Irish language on the speech of Dublin is most evident in the syntax of drama and in the survival of such picturesque expressions as We are after finishing, It’s sorry you will be, and James do be cutting corn every day. Language Varieties Language variety refers to the various forms of language triggered by social factors. 2020 All rights reserved. In some countries, such as India, Malawi, the Philippines and Singapore, English is an important second language for many speakers, and has often become the language used in ofÞcial contexts such as courts, parliament and higher education. All varieties of English share the same basic tenets of the language, but certain words, phrases or linguistic constructs may differ. In various Northern accents the definite article the is heard as t, th, or d. In those accents in which it becomes both t and th, t is used before consonants and th before vowels. British English (or UK English) is the term used by Americans in referring to versions of English used in the UK and outside America. Highland English Wales Welsh English Abercraf Anglesey Cardiff Gower Gwynedd Port Talbot Wrexham Isle of … However, there are some significant differences in pronunciation, spelling and word usage around the world. Today, urbanization, quick transport, and television have tended to level out some dialectal differences in the United States. But in British English you'd say, "She's got better." Slight regional variations exist in formal, written English in the United Kingdom. To some extent these regions preserve the traditional speech of southeastern and southern England, where most of the early colonists were born. English is the most widely spoken language in the United States and is the common language used by the federal government, considered the de facto language of the country because of its widespread use. Varieties of English. In some areas of South Carolina and Georgia, enslaved Africans working on rice and cotton plantations developed a contact language called Gullah, or Geechee, that made use of many structural and lexical features of their native languages. Nevertheless, in spite of the effect of this proximity to the United States, British influences are still potent in some of the larger cities; Scottish influences are well sustained in Ontario. Learn These 18 Greek Romantic Words And Phrases That You Can Use! Together with invaluable overviews of numerous regional accents and dialects, this fifth edition provides a detailed description of key features of Received Pronounciation (RP) as well as several major non-standard varieties of English. These are the varieties of English that have become standard or most recognized and used in the majority of the world. We consider the linguistic features of a range of these varieties, covering most areas of linguistic description, including pronunciation, grammar, and … Comparisons across the varieties provide a comprehensive guide to differences in phonetics, phonology, grammar and vocabulary, providing a useful resource for teachers of English as a foreign language and linguistics students English has been given official status by 32 of the 50 state governments. According to the 2011 census, English was the first language of approximately 19 million Canadians (57% of the population) the remainder of the population were native speakers of Canadian French (22%) or other languages (allophones, 21%). Other Germanic languages include Dutch, German, Icelandic, Swedish, and more. In parts of Northumberland, RP it is still pronounced “hit,” as in Old English. Hudson (1996, p. 22) defines a variety of language as ‘a set of linguistic items with similar distribution, a definition that allows us to say that all of the following are varieties: Canadian English, London English, the English … The main two are: English in England and American English. Varieties Of English Looking at different flavors of English: all the different accents, dialects, pronunciations, registers and so on. Language variation • No two speakers of a language speak exactly the same way • No individual speaker speaks the same way all the time 3. For each there are standard forms of English which are used as yardsticks for comparing other varieties of the respective areas. One says I ’ m going to hospital distribution of majority Anglophone and populations. Lord Macaulay played a major variety of continental Celtic, which was influenced by Roman... And sleigh from the oblique cases found their way into RP: vat fat! 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