Causes of Water Pollution: Causes of water pollution Sewage. The reclaimed polluted water can be used in making fertilizers as it is rich in phosphorous, potassium and nitrogen. Currently, water recycling is being only in a limited manner. Initially, when various technologies were not developed, the people used to live in the lap of the nature, but with the fast paced development and emergence of industrialization, water pollution has assumed alarming proportions. Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water and in almost all cases the … It was amended in 1977. 378(E).- In exercise of the powers conferred by section 17 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution… In addition to applying these methods, industries are required to bring about changes into their methods of manufacturing to prevent water pollution. target_type: 'mix' The Clean Water … Keep reading to learn more about the different types of air pollution, their effects, and possible ways to control them. He headed the editorial team of 'Sahara Time', a 48-page general interest English weekly newspaper, and later, handled a 24x7 online wing www.samaylive.com. Air pollution has multiple sources, including natural as well as man-made sources. The temporary settlements near the sea normally do not have toilets which is why these people defecate in the water of the ocean and the people also throw their household garbage in ocean waters. container: 'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', It is also extremely important to adopt the correct methods of the disposal of toxic wastes. Highly contaminated water coming out from the industries and their leftover chemical residues, etc are also discharged into the river through drains. Most of them throw their wastes into the rivers which is a dangerous scenario as far as water pollution is concerned, as all these wastes finally affected the water animals as well as the humans. Sometimes, accidents of the ships also takes place into the sea and thus various chemical substances and oil get spilled over the sea water leaving long term impact on the creatures living in water. If such water comes in contact with the human body, it can lead to various diseases. Due to rapidly growing population, construction of flats on mass scale is a growing trend in the cities to accommodate the rising population, as in a flat a family of three to six people can live easily. This Act – which Parliament passed on March 23, 1974 – provides for preventing and controlling water pollution and establishing Boards for the same, as well as maintaining and restoring the ‘wholesomeness’ of water. Prevention practices are essential for preserving wetlands, groundwater sources and other critical ecosystems - areas in which we especially want to stop pollution before it begins. You can also start buying organic. Due to contamination of water some organisms die immediately and make water more polluted. Excessive use of herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers leads to water pollution as the chemicals contained in the products often find way into the water systems through surface runoff or infiltration into the soil. window._taboola = window._taboola || []; When it rains all chemicals goes into the ponds and rivers through rain water and thus water bodies get heavily polluted. Water should neither be abused nor be wasted. To prevent water pollution, the drains are required to be cleaned on a regular basis. We can atleast follow these 10 ways to prevent water pollution. It is highly important to take steps forward to prevent water pollution. The consumption of these aquatic organisms living in polluted sea water also makes the humans go sick. Prevention of water pollution Dealing with water pollution is something that everyone (including governments and local councils) needs to get involved with. Laws must be enforced to ensure that the industries do treatment of wastes before the water is discharged into the rivers and seas. These were the top 10 ways to control water pollution. An Act to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water for the establishment, with a view to carrying out the purposes aforesaid, of … The Act was amended in … In addition, metals and solvents from industries also lead to water pollution. If everybody do their little part in saving the waters, then its more than enough. An Act to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water… Many industries directly flow their waste everywhere which reaches rivers through rain water. To prevent water from getting polluted, we are also required to prevent soil erosion. Chapter 18 of Agenda 21 sees "effective water pollution prevention and control programmes" as key elements of national sustainable development plans. Enforcing Laws to Prevent Water Pollution, We should strictly follow all the laws regarding water pollution. Never throw away rubbish … Minimizing their usage or using organic methods for pest, weed, and disease control can appreciably reduce water pollution. Presently, the problem of open defecation and the dumping of garbage in public places still continue. Unchecked borings and the consequent excessive pumping in coastal areas can cause saltwater to move inland and upward, leading to contamination of the water supply. The Act came into force in 1974 and is applicable to the states of Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Haryana, Tripura, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Kerala, and the union territories. google_ad_width = 300; Immersion of idols during religious ceremonies to be done at the appointed place only. Industries should behave more responsibly. So, we will have to stress more on proper recycling and reuse of water to prevent water pollution. The State Pollution Control Board filed an application under Section 33 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 to restrain the industry of causing water pollution. lakes, rivers, oceans and groundwater). Moreover, due to these activities, garbage, excreta, ashes of the dead old clothes and soiled materials are discharged into rivers and even sometimes dead bodies are also thrown into the rivers and water bodies. Air Pollution … Garbage in the cities and towns should be classified and thrown into the designated dustbins only. resources. This is an Act to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water through various management guidelines and … Dead bodies should not be thrown in the river. Of course it is hard for the normal, everyday man and woman to do much about reversing the effects of water pollution, but there are things you can do to prevent it. When it rains, all the dirt, garbage and excreta get into streams or ponds, polluting water sources. The presence of radioactive wastes in the water can be removed by oxidation of ponds. … But in case of water pollution, the implementation of this policy is of utmost importance. If we have to control water pollution, we will have to find out a way out, and devise laws and strategies. Ltd. | 2017 All Rights Reserved. Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 is a comprehensive legislation that regulates agencies responsible for checking on water pollution and ambit of pollution control boards both at the centre and states. Developed countries also throw their e-wastes and poisonous garbage into the sea and thus sea water gets badly contaminated. For their livelihood many people are selling different contents to the tourists and they throw the residue at sea shores and thus the water of the sea become polluted. The Water Act was enacted by Parliament Act, 1974 purpose to provide for the prevention of control of water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water. In homes, water should be made germ-free by chlorine tablets, iodine, etc. This will prevent the water from getting polluted to a large extent. Rather than releasing sewage waste into water bodies, it is better to treat them before discharge. The human negligence is also a major cause of environmental pollution. Household wastes and industrial waste also add to the problem. It can also be used for the irrigation and factories purposes. 20. There are some algae and water plants available which are helpful in keeping the water clean, they should be grown all over in the water. We will have to plant more trees to stop soil erosion. The oxidation of organic materials should be done prior to their disposal. All cities and towns must have sewer facilities. The legislative provisions, such as the Water Act 1974 and Control of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Act 1986 are there but these have not been implemented effectively and so we will have to get these implemented strictly for effective prevention of water pollution. The best way stop water pollution is not to clean the polluted water but to stop polluting it. This prevents shortages and helps in reducing the volume of polluted water to … For example, Roorkee-based Central Building Research Institute has successfully tried to transform the ash from the thermal power stations into bricks. In exercise of the powers conferred by section 63 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 (6 of 1974), the Central Government after consultation with the Central Board for the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution… If you want to help keep our waters clean, there are many things Ponds and rivers are also used for bathing and washing purposes due to which huge quantity of dirt and pollutants get accumulated into the water bodies. We can plant water hyacinth which is also referred as kaloli to treat the polluted water. Water pollution is any change in the physical, chemical or biological properties of water … Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (like oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, aquifers, and groundwater) usually caused due to human activities. Travel through sea, growing preferences for residing near sea shores has resulted into several small and big settlements near seas which has made the pollution of sea water a rising concern. 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