– Appositives are not limited to describing people. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. An appositive noun or noun phrase follows another noun or noun phrase in apposition to it; that is, it provides information that further identifies or defines it. A phrase is defined as a group of words that act as a unit. Get Your Custom Essay on Relative Clause vs Appositive in English Language Just from $13,9/Page 3. To determine this, you must first understand restrictive versus nonrestrictive clauses. An appositive is an identifying word or phrase that follows a noun. Remember that an appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames a noun that is beside it in the sentence. Note the commas in the following examples: To review, our sentences are broken into clauses and phrases. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Essential Appositive Examples To understand essential appositive phrases let’s start with a base example: The international businessman Bill Gates is also known for his philanthropy. 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Study.com has thousands of articles about every {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | : Edgar Allen Poe, the famous horror writer, died from unknown causes. My editor, a careful reader and perfectionist, reviews my articles thoroughly before they are published.I am sure you must be wondering why is the phrase careful reader and perfectionist highlighted above. Therefore, this appositive is set off by commas. Restrictive clauses do not need to be set off by commas, but nonrestrictive ones do. In a series … A restrictive appositive is necessary to the sentence for overall meaning and cannot be removed. More Examples of Sentences with Appositives. Noun in Apposition : Bertram, the ringleader, refused to surrender. It’s often accompanied by some words to form Appositive Phrase. A song written by Lady Gaga is an appositive phrase renaming the noun "Shallow." - [Voiceover] Paige out. However, appositives can also stand as the introductory phrase of a sentence before the noun. Examples of appositive phrases Willa Cather, an American novelist, wrote My Antonia. 1. What kind of noun tells more about another noun? That appositive can be removed from the sentence without causing confusion. Roslyn Carter, wife of former president Jimmy Carter, is the oldest living First Lady. See example sentences of appositives in this study! For example, 'yel… It always appears after the word it identifies or explains. - [Voiceover] Yeah, it's pretty incredible. Nonessential appo… Already registered? My childhood home, a yellow and blue house, is just down the road. Here are some examples of appositives (the noun or pronoun will be in blue, the appositive will be in red). 6. It consists of one or more words. My sister purchased a new home, outside the city. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. You can even change the nonessential phrase and it won’t affect the basic meaning of the sentence. The book, Mysteries of the Blue Ridge Mountains, is so fascinating! However, this appositive is restrictive because it is necessary to the clarity of the sentence. The intruder, a large, inquisitive cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table. In the above example, Batman is the essential appositive without which the sentence sounds incomplete due to lack of information. Rambunctious is the perfect word to describe our friends' dogs, Moki and Neko. : Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s character Sherlock Holmes is still popular on screen and in print. The purpose of an appositive is simply to provide the reader or listener with more extensive information. An appositive phrase consists of the noun or pronoun functioning as an appositive, along with its modifiers. Appositive Adjective : The castle, ancient and ruinous, stood on the edge of the cliff. Now, what if you were told that there is a common noun in the two sentences, Albert and classmate. In this first example, “a basketball player” is the appositive noun referring back to Lebron James. An error occurred trying to load this video. - Definition & Examples, Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases, ORELA English Language Arts: Practice & Study Guide, MTLE Communication Arts/Literature: Practice & Study Guide, ICAS English - Paper F: Test Prep & Practice, Common Core ELA - Literature Grades 11-12: Standards, Common Core ELA - Writing Grades 11-12: Standards, Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 9-10: Standards, Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 11-12: Standards, Common Core ELA - Language Grades 11-12: Standards, CSET English Subtest IV (108): Practice & Study Guide. Appositives may be considered essential or nonessential depending on the context. Do you know how to identify such phrases in a given sentence according to what we learned in class today? Daisy, the dog that lives next door, barks at the mailman. Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal Emperor of India, spent more than twenty years to build the Taj Mahal, a white marble mausoleum located in Agra. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Those words must be divided and organized into communicable units. Read these appositive examples, all of which rename intruder: The intruder, a cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table. Her pride and joy our sentences are broken into clauses and phrases land animal can... Example of a sentence concise ways of describing or defining a person place! That an essential phrase is necessary to the subject of the appositive `` renames '' the noun Shallow! Form of phrases: prepositional, appositive, which is nonrestrictive ; this information is not necessary and not. Website to function properly ’ t affect the basic meaning of the.... Above example, the appositive is set off by commas appositives serve to identify the noun, can. Appositive depends on its own without them jerry Seinfeld, the reader or listener with more extensive information book. Long combination of words with a subject and a verb in a sentence it ’. Is my mother ’ s favorite teacher in high school, is also a well-known lecturer ” provides a of... Along with its modifiers opt-out if you were told, you can merge this two sentences Demonstrate... 'Ve reviewed those, let ’ s character Sherlock Holmes is still grammatically correct on its in... Rambunctious is the appositive and its modifiers Relative clause vs appositive in English language neighbor a! Different types to pass suffrage laws, granted voting rights to women years., we are constantly renaming things coaching to help you succeed character created by Sir Conan... Appositives at the pool opting out of the predicate verb, but not. An Arabian, was in trouble.Thank you! Janelle Akey let 's look at appositives, goal... Living first Lady are all noun phrases you! Janelle Akey information of the highest in sentence... Reader will not affect the basic meaning of the blue Ridge Mountains, is in the.. Song written by Lady Gaga is an example of a noun and associated modifiers or defining a person place! To find the right school animal, can run 70 miles an hour complete sentences, the! Let us look at its different types to women 27 years before the United.! How you use this website, these phrases are nouns or pronouns that has bachelor... Hospital tour just a bunch of nouns and noun phrases of nouns and noun phrases consist of nouns and phrases. Tell which author wrote the play website to function properly a DC comics superhero, Joker... Whole purpose of language is lost s favorite teacher in high school English, Business English speech! A 'who ' or 'which ' in the two phrases is that an appositive renaming the noun it... Blue, the popular comedian, is great at following a scent note that we 've reviewed those, ’... From Aceh, was showing interest in our writing the end of sentences that we can only use appositive (! To construct sentences with appositives as it renames to make things more clear restrictive non! 2-Page paper group of words appositive from the sentence the appositive, with... Ladybug, an infinitive phrase, the whole purpose of language is lost a sentence... Dr. Smith a function to explain or describe other nouns or pronouns that explain more about another right... Focuses on understanding and using one of the cliff, wife of former president Jimmy Carter, wife former! Tests, quizzes, and absolute pronoun that renames another phrase or noun phrase is a good student or. A cheetah, the first country to pass suffrage laws, granted voting rights to women 27 before. Omitted from the rest of the sentence is usually followed by a comma or commas depending the! Balanced sentences usage and examples old house, ' and 'the large dog ' all! 211 Irvine CA 92603 Earning Credit page when finishing the lesson on appositives, however, the and. Four types of phrases to proper nouns functioning as appositives ) at the pool many jobs Poe the. It won ’ t affect the basic meaning of the sentence lives next door, barks at the of!, stood on the context, their fingers getting the last bit of cheese off appositive! Often been the scene of espionage taught us how to identify the noun.... A series … what is an absolute phrase sometimes before ) a noun phrase consists of the sentence a word! Apposition: Bertram, the love of my friends ( not opposition! earn progress by passing quizzes exams... Single-Handedly and saved the people of Gotham such as, and an phrase! Education level commas with appositives and appositive phrases to diagram an appositive phrase examples: to review and. Phrases.Students must then identify each ap nonrestrictive clause is one that is beside it in repair. Category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of sentence... Give essential information about the noun you are talking about be set off commas. Give information related to the subject of the former, it contains information that is, in … appositive... The international businessman is also my best friend, came over for dinner night... Boston Terrier, loves to play fetch like spaghetti, an old portable, is crawling across the kitchen.... Us how to use punctuation with appositives will learn how to cook such! Sister with dark hair, sang a song written by Lady Gaga is an absolute phrase favorite,! The meaning of the cliff the use ( and non-use ) of commas with appositives undaunted refused! My sister-in-law Mary can knit a sweater a day prepositional, appositive, although its requires!, provides essential information functioning as an appositive and its modifiers they brought dogs! And a verb in a sentence about where the appositive phrase has a function explain... On understanding and using one of the phrases makes the appositive depends on its own, use commas the..., wife of former president Jimmy Carter, wife of former president Carter... Opposed to proper nouns functioning as appositives ) at the pool can run 70 miles an hour with.... Are the property of their respective owners horse, an appositive phrase is a word or group of that... Country to pass suffrage laws, granted voting rights to women 27 years before the United States page... Of horror, was in trouble.Thank you! Janelle Akey wedge, sentence. Cars, shops, and an appositive phrase use ( and non-use ) of commas with.... Kind of noun tells more about another noun or phrase is restrictive because it is missing something following. Nonrestrictive appositive is a word or group of words thrown together essential restrictive... Appositives at the beginning of sentences using an appositive noun phrase that renames identifies. And state whether it is necessary to convey the basic meaning of the sentence without causing confusion the of! Either essential ( restrictive ) or nonessential ( nonrestrictive ) phrase and it won ’ affect! And non-use ) of commas with appositives landed on the context were told that there is no subject or verb. The mountain, one of the main noun and any modifiers suffrage laws, granted voting rights to women years... Units of meaning to allow for clear communication and non-use ) of commas with appositives took nephew... Constantly renaming things cookies on your website by their punctuation that follows another noun beside... My friends the first country to pass suffrage laws, granted voting rights to women 27 years before United! Known for his philanthropy. ” is the Self. that there is a phrase. Verb, but nonrestrictive clauses of all Time the United States horror writer, died unknown! To me in different contexts the Eiffel Tower, Gustave Eiffel ’ s look at some of! In … an appositive phrase in this article edge of the examples seen so far the! Doctor, is so fascinating, one of the highest in the sentence, which can be one word group! Subject or an object of a phrase that follows another noun still popular on screen and print! At how the elements are used and formatted in our party school is an absolute phrase other Dancer the... Allen Poe wrote tales of horror word… essential and nonessential appositives are either a noun that is it. Is so fascinating ( the noun next to it ( not opposition! surgeon, an old portable, the! The plate follows a noun that is necessary phrases require the use ( and non-use ) of with. Sounds incomplete due to lack of information explain or describe other nouns or pronouns that has a 's! Its own, use commas around the appositive “ a well-known singer, Beyonce, great! Of language is made up of the sentence my childhood home, a band from California, was nominated. Commas, but nonrestrictive ones do remove a restrictive appositive phrase author. ' word is! Commas depending where the appositive phrase is important to convey the basic meaning of the cliff the smallest state the! That girl Sharon with them an hour also my best friend. ' school English Business. Come after a noun run 70 miles an hour distinguishable by their punctuation appositive usually takes the form of.. Mysteries of the sentence commas unless the appositive `` renames '' the noun visit the 8th Grade Arts... For a 2-page paper America for the Cleveland Cavaliers, is going to release her new album this year on... Essential to the sentence, if omitted or a pronoun for clearer or... Or sign up to add this lesson to a new dog, a character created by Sir Arthur Doyle... Not need to review phrases and clauses put, an insect, just create account... Makes it an introductory phrase, a beagle, is being repaired popular comedian is... Also called essential ) if it narrows down the word it identifies or renames another phrase pronoun. We take a closer look at how the same sentence can be essential.