In the contemporary Swedish language, the region is known as Baltikum. Rivers and lakes are shown. After the First World War the term "Baltic states" came to refer to countries by the Baltic Sea that had gained independence from the Russian Empire. [2], All three countries are members of NATO, the eurozone, the OECD, and the European Union. Dinamo Riga is the country's strongest hockey club, playing in the Kontinental Hockey League. Especially, the high share of renewables were introduced to the energy production of Latvia, that can be explained by the state's geographical location and favorable natural conditions. [33], Even now being a part of the European Union, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are still considered as the most vulnerable EU member states in the energy sphere. Map of Baltic States. In all three countries virtually everyone among the titular nationalities speaks the native tongue as their first language, which is remarkable in light of the massive Russian immigration to the Baltic states during the second half of the 20th century. Find baltic states map stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Initially, many Estonians, Latvians, and Lithuanians considered the Germans as liberators. 5,841,000. The question of their assimilation is a major factor in social and diplomatic affairs.[43]. They were first included under the same political entity when the Russian Empire expanded in the 18th century. [1] The most important areas of cooperation among the three countries are foreign and security policy, defence, energy, and transportation. (2020 est.) This road map covers Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The term is not used in the context of cultural areas, national identity, or language, because while the majority of people in Latvia and Lithuania are Baltic people, the majority in Estonia are Fi… Latvian tennis player Jeļena Ostapenko won the 2017 French Open, another Latvian tennis player Ernests Gulbis was a semi-finalist at the 2010 Rome Masters and 2014 French Open. [34], Secondly, the dependence on single supplier – Russia – is not healthy both for economics and politics. The fintech sector in the Baltic states is rapidly growing on the back of proactive governments that … [21] During the Cold War, Lithuania and Latvia maintained legations in Washington DC, while Estonia had a mission in New York. Lithuania, the last country in Europe to adopt Christianity, is packed with pagan history. Between 1940 and 1953, the Soviet government deported more than 200,000 people from the Baltic to remote locations in the Soviet Union. [24] Skrunda-1, the last Russian military radar in the Baltics, officially suspended operations in August 1998.[25]. [34] Due to their Soviet past, Baltic states have several gas pipelines on their territories coming from Russia. They diversified their oil import suppliers due to shutdown of Druzhba gas pipeline in 2006 and increased the share of renewable sources in total energy production with the help of the EU policies. [32], Firstly, there is a major risk of energy supply disruption. The Estonian language is a Finnic language, together with neighboring Finland's Finnish language. Latvia from Mapcarta, the free map. North to south: 154,269,582 stock photos online. The Baltic states are three countries of north-eastern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.The three small countries have a long interesting history, and an impressive cultural heritage dating back to the Hanseatic League.The region's 175,015 km 2 are home to 6.3 million people, nearly half of them in Lithuania.. Countries []. New users enjoy 60% OFF. Agriculture remains important to the Baltic economy, with potatoes, cereal grains, and fodder crops produced and dairy cattle and pigs raised. Panel title, text, and legend in English, Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, and Russian. Baltic States MapFile Type: png, File size: 133240 bytes (130.12 KB), Map Dimensions: 1005px x 1222px (256 colors) Both Western and Eastern Christianity had been introduced by the end of the first millennium. All three are Unitary republics, joined the European Union on 1 May 2004, share EET/EEST time zone schedules and euro currency. About 10% of the adult Baltic population were deported or sent to labor camps. Possible explanations include the short history of restored sovereignty and fear of losing it again, along with an orientation toward Nordic countries and Baltic-Nordic cooperation in The Nordic-Baltic Eight. The Baltic countries hoped for the restoration of independence, but instead the Germans established a civil administration, known as the Reichskommissariat Ostland. Apart from the indigenous languages, German was the dominant language in Estonia and Latvia in academics, professional life, and upper society from the 13th century until World War I. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [22], In the late 1980s, a massive campaign of civil resistance against Soviet rule, known as the Singing revolution, began. The financial stability of the Baltic nations was an important prerequisite to their entering the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 2004. "From Empire to Independence: The Curious Case of the Baltic States 1917-1922." On 8 November 1991, the Baltic Assembly, which includes 15 to 20 MPs from each parliament, was established to facilitate inter-parliamentary cooperation. The last Russian troops were withdrawn from there in August 1994. Estonia especially has attempted to construct a Nordic identity for itself and denounced Baltic identity, despite still seeking to preserve close relationship with other countries in the region.[30][31]. First Ever Latvia Fintech Startup Map Draft Released. All three are classified as high-income economies by the World Bank and maintain a very high Human Development Index. Find the perfect Baltic States Map stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. The underlying geology is sandstone, shale, and limestone, evidenced by hilly uplands that alternate with low-lying plains and bear mute testimony to the impact of the glacial era. Baltic States Map near Lithuania. In some cases, Russians took on the nationalities of their adopted Baltic countries and were thus counted among the ethnic majorities. [35] So, the overall EU dependence on the Russia's energy supplies from the one hand and the need of Baltic states to import energy fuels from their closer hydrocarbon-rich neighbor creates a tension that could jeopardize the energy security of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. In Latvia and Estonia, the president is elected by parliament, while Lithuania has a semi-presidential system whereby the president is elected by popular vote. The Baltic states are currently the only former Soviet states to have joined either organization. Español: Mapa de los estados bálticos con los colores de sus respectivas banderas. With our Baltic States PowerPoint template, you can deliver a presentation on the Baltic countries, respectively Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. https://www.britannica.com/place/Baltic-states, Research and Development Corporation - The Baltic States and NATO Membership, The Heritage Foundation - The Baltic States: The United States Must Be Prepared to Fulfill Its NATO Treaty Obligations, Baltic states - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Between 1994 and 2004, the BAFTA free trade agreement was established to help prepare the countries for their accession to the EU, rather than out of the Baltic states' desire to trade among themselves. Physical map of the Baltic States, map showing the physical features, mountains, rivers, lakes of the Baltic States. [42] In Soviet times this made them appear as the "West" of the Soviet Union in the cultural and political sense, thus as close to emigration a Russian could get without leaving the Soviet Union. 2020. For discussion of the physical and human geography as well as the history of individual countries in the region, see Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Estonian and Soviet chess grandmaster Paul Keres was among the world's top players from the mid-1930s to the mid-1960s. Description: This map shows governmental boundaries, countries and their capitals in Baltic region. The Baltic States are three countries west of European Russia, south of the Gulf of Finland, and north of Poland and Belarus. Baltic states The Baltic states are three countries of north-eastern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.The three small countries have a long interesting history, and an impressive cultural heritage dating back to the Hanseatic League. The Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania gained their independence from the former U.S.S.R. in 1991. All three countries are members of the New Hanseatic League, a group of Northern European countries in the EU formed to advocate a common fiscal position. Forests cover over half the landmass of Estonia, Devonian sandstone cliffs in Gauja National Park, Latvia's largest and oldest national park, View from the Bilioniai forthill in Lithuania, Sand dunes of the Curonian Spit near Nida, which are the highest drifting sand dunes in Europe (UNESCO World Heritage Site).[45]. Estonian Markko Märtin was successful in the World Rally Championship in the early 2000s, where he got five wins and 18 podiums, as well as a third place in the 2004 drivers' championship. Shortly after attaining independence, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania abandoned the Russian ruble in favour of new domestic currencies (the kroon, lats, and litas, respectively), which, as they strengthened, greatly improved foreign trade. The forced collectivisation of agriculture began in 1947, and was completed after the mass deportation in March 1949 (see Operation Priboi). Association football is popular in the Baltic states, but the only appearance of a Baltic team in a major international competition was Latvia's qualification for Euro 2004. 5 out of 5 stars (1,029) 1,029 reviews $ 49.99 FREE shipping Only 1 available and it's in 1 person's cart. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baltic_states&oldid=1005000330, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Estonian-language text, Articles containing Latvian-language text, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Pages using flagicon template with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [4] Although there are several theories about its origin, most ultimately trace it to the Indo-European root *bhel[5] meaning 'white, fair'. Russian was the most commonly studied foreign language at all levels of schooling during the Soviet era. The Latvian and Lithuanian peoples speak languages belonging to the Baltic branch of the Indo-European linguistic family and are commonly known as Balts. The territories of Estonia and Latvia were joined into the Russian Empire at the end of the Great Northern War in 1721, while the territory of Lithuania came under the Russian rule after the Third Partition of Poland in 1795. While separate peoples with their own customs and traditions, historical factors have introduced cultural commonalities across and differences within them. The Baltic states (Estonian: Balti riigid, Baltimaad; Latvian: Baltijas valstis; Lithuanian: Baltijos valstybės), also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations, or simply the Baltics, is a geopolitical term, typically used to group the three sovereign states on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The Latvians also were considerably Germanized, and the majority of both the Estonians and the Latvians belong to the Lutheran church. The Baltic countries Where are the Baltic States located? Initially, attempts to Russify the Baltic peoples were overt, but later they were moderated as Russian immigration soared and the sheer weight of the immigrant numbers simply served to promote this objective in less-blatant ways. However, the Latvia women's national basketball team finished fourth at the 2007 Eurobasket. The Baltic Sea is small but beautiful. This let Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians preserve a high degree of Europe-oriented national identity. The languages of Baltic nations belong to two distinct language families. [7] This change was a result of the Baltic German elite adopting terms derived from Baltisch to refer to themselves. Overall population fell in each of the Baltic states in the years following independence, primarily because of the return emigration of Russians to Russia, as well as other out-migration to western Europe and North America. [10][11] After World War I, the new sovereign states that emerged on the east coast of the Baltic Sea – Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Finland – became known as the Baltic states.[8]. The Baltic Council of Ministers was established on 13 June 1994 to facilitate intergovernmental cooperation. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [32] It was stated that from 2008, Baltic states experiences a positive change in their energy security score. Crumbling castle ruins abound throughout the pine-peppered terrain, each a testament to a forgotten kingdom. You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use); please refer to the Nations Online Project. Latvia, for example, was a leading producer of Soviet radio receivers. All three became NATO members on 29 March 2004, and joined the EU on 1 May 2004. For other uses, see, This article is about a geopolitical term used for grouping the three countries on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. Українська: Карта показує Балтійські країни з їхніми прапорами. Share - Anzeige - Keywords of this Map. Polish served a similar function in Lithuania. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania each adopted the euro as its common currency in 2011, 2014, and 2015, respectively. (Erastothenes mentioned Baltia in Ancient Greek) and earlier. [16][17] The Soviet Union attempted to Sovietize its occupied territories, by means such as deportations and instituting the Russian language as the only working language. All are members of the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). A multitude of rivers, notably the Neman (Lithuanian: Nemunas) and Western Dvina (Latvian: Daugava), empty northwestward into the Baltic Sea. Trees that adapt to the often poorly drained soil are common, such as birches and conifers. Thank you. [32], Estonia usually was the best performing country in terms of energy security, but new assessment shows that even though Estonia has the highest share of renewables in the energy production, its energy economy has been still characterized by high rates of carbon intensity. Currently, the governments of the Baltic states cooperate in multiple ways, including cooperation among presidents, parliament speakers, heads of government, and foreign ministers. The Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The underlying geology is sandstone, shale, and limestone, evidenced by hilly uplands that alternate with low-lying plains and bear mute testimony to the impact of the glacial era. They were also part of what Clemenceau considered a strategic cordon sanitaire, the entire territory from Finland in the north to Romania in the south, standing between Western Europe and potential Bolshevik territorial ambitions.[13][14]. Swedish remains spoken in Estonia, particularly the Estonian Swedish dialect of the Estonian Swedes of northern Estonia and the islands (though many fled to Sweden as the Soviet Union invaded and re-occupied Estonia in 1944). Around this time, Poles eclipsed Russians as the largest minority in Lithuania. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Some note that the events in Lithuania differed from its two more northerly neighbors, with Smetona having different motivations as well as securing power 8 years before any such events in Latvia or Estonia took place. Basketball is a notable sport across the Baltic states. In accordance with a secret protocol within the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of 1939 that divided Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence, the Soviet Army entered eastern Poland in September 1939, and then coerced Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania into mutual assistance treaties which granted them the right to establish military bases in these countries. There is also significant proficiency in Finnish in Estonia owing to its closeness to the native Estonian and also the widespread practice of listening to Finnish broadcasts during the Soviet era. Finland did however get embroiled in a bloody civil war, something that did not happen in the Baltics. [citation needed] During the occupation the Germans carried out ghettoisations and mass killings of the countries' Jewish populations. EstoniaKersti KaljulaidPresident of Estonia, LithuaniaGitanas NausėdaPresident of Lithuania, EstoniaJüri RatasPrime Minister of Estonia, LatviaKrišjānis KariņšPrime Minister of Latvia, LithuaniaIngrida ŠimonytėPrime Minister of Lithuania, Usually the concept of energy security is related to the uninterruptible supply, sufficient energy storage, advanced technological development of energy sector and environmental regulations. Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, is the second-largest city in the region, home to 529,022 people. Corrections? [35], As a part of the EU from 2004, Baltic states must comply with the EU's regulations in energy, environmental and security spheres. The term was also used historically to refer to Baltic Dominions of the Swedish Empire (Swedish: Östersjöprovinserna) and, subsequently, the Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire (Russian: Остзейские губернии, romanized: Ostzejskie gubernii). 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