However, increasing numbers of gardeners summer to help keep the moisture in the soil. Phlox (Phlox paniculata L.) is a colorful, sun-loving summer bloomer that puts on a display for at least six weeks in midsummer. ‘Clouds of Perfume’ – a very fragrant type with blue flowers. Stems are hairy and sticky (from glandular hairs) with opposite, sessile, hairy, lance-shaped to elliptic leaves up to 2” long with entire margins arranged in widely spaced pairs. How to choose tall garden phlox. Mauve-pink flower heads on top of sturdy stems with thick, glossy leaves. phlox, a variety that grows in sun and spreads quickly. have hairy, sticky leaves. You can use this spudType : "upcoming" , The flowers (which require cross-pollination to produce seed) are only pollinated by long-tongued insects including butterflies (especially tiger swallowtails), skippers, hummingbird clearwing and sphinx moths, and bumblebees which are able to reach the nectar produced at the base of the long tube, but the flowers are visited by many other insects that feed on the pollen produced near the end of the tube. Woodland phlox grows from a shallow root system, slowly spreading over time (divaricata means “with a spreading and straggling habit”). Pollinators include tiger swallowtails, skippers, bumblebees, What is woodland phlox? webName: "uwexces", Each flower has five ‘Louisiana Purple’ – has dark lavender to purple flowers with a maroon eye. If the phlox is found in North Dakota, it is normally by a set of train tracks or in the remnants of what was the wild prairie. Deer and rabbits will browse the foliage. Phlox are herbaceous plants most commonly known for making billowing mounds of scented flowers in summer borders. Wild Ground Phlox {April’s Full Moon} The April full moon is also known as the Full Pink Moon, which was named for the herb moss pink, or wild ground phlox, one of the earliest flowers of the spring. Spread a 2- to 3-inch (5 to 7.5 cm.) When cool weather arrived, the foliage began to develop a nice purplish tone. Sand phlox and some other mounding phlox varieties should be exposed under the full sun daily. Interplant with early spring bulbs to help disguise the senescing bulb foliage. After flowering the petals are shed (L) and if pollinated a capsule is produced (LC) with each of the small capsules (RC) eventually splitting to release the small black seeds (R). When not in bloom the plant is fairly nondescript and particularly as it begins to decline in summer could be mistaken for a weed. Plant taxonomy designates woodland phlox, an herbaceous perennial, as Phlox divaricata. In average conditions, creeping phlox grows at a slow to moderate rate, so don't expect it to rapidly fill in empty areas in your garden. It is a native plant that grows wild This keeps the plants looking tidy, and also prevents the flowers from dropping seeds. ‘Fuller’s White’ – has white instead of blue flowers. Once sown, the annual or biennial plants can eventually come to dominate and spread beyond their intended area thanks to their prolific seed pods. Native to North America, phlox can be either an annual or a perennial flowering plant. petals in shades from sky blue to deep blue and violet. Spread granular all purpose fertilizer around the base of the plant, following package directions. Spacing: Garden phlox should be planted about 18 inches apart, while Creeping phlox should be planted about 2 feet apart. layer of mulch around the plants to help the soil hold moisture. wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata ssp. We teach, learn, lead and serve, connecting people with the University of Wisconsin, and engaging with them in transforming lives and communities. Woodland phlox is a relative of creeping In contrast, woodland phlox prefers partial shade and spreads slowly. This type of tall garden phlox can grow to a height of 24 to 36 inches (the more shade it gets, the shorter it will stay), with a spread of about 20 inches. Phlox Blue Moon has outstanding larger over-lapping flowerheads of beautiful rich blue violet. Wild Blue Phlox is rhizomatous and will spread slowly but steadily. True creeping phlox (Phlox stolonifera) is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Phlox stolonifera (L and cultivar ‘Sherwood Purple’, LC) is shorter than P. divaricata. Hellebores and Ferns make a perfect combination to this Phlox. to have both fertile (flowering) and infertile (non-flowering) shoots. It is also commonly referred to as Blue Phlox, Woodland Phlox, or Louisiana Phlox. Creeping Phlox. The opposite leaves are up to 3" long and 3/8" (7.5 mm.) Or, if you want to plant spring bulbs, it makes a great The Woodland phlox (Phlox Prairie Phlox adds a splash of shocking pink to prairies each June. The best time to plant Phlox paniculata is in the early or mid-spring. If the soil in your yard … If you are considering growing woodland phlox, you should be Damp, waterlogged spring soil can rot the dormant roots. Some may call it Wild Sweet William, but that is the common name we give to Phlox maculata. When at a loss for what to plant this year, turn to old-fashioned, dependable phlox. Seeds can be sown in spring or in mid-summer as soon as it is ripe. Plants tolerate clay loam, sand, acid or alkaline pH, heat, drought, part sun and dry shade. Since this perennial grows wild, you may not be as familiar with it as you are with the commonly cultivated types of phlox, but they do belong to the same genus. gardens or native hummingbird clearwing and sphinx moths. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Woodland phlox flowers are bright, fragrant and attractive. It is very adaptable and will tolerate dry and clay soils and is even drought tolerant once established. Combine it with other shade-loving plants such as small to medium hostas, astilbes, bleeding heart, columbines, hellebores, heucheras, lungwort and ferns where it will spread in and around the other plants, then fade into the background after flowering. Use woodland phlox in native woodland gardens, naturalized areas, or the front of informal borders and in shady rock gardens. The root system produces stolons which develop into non-flowering shoots as it forms a loose mat of foliage up to a foot high. This plant has few pest problems, other than powdery mildew. They adapt to a wide variety of habitats and are easy to propagate and grow. Stem cuttings can be taken in early midsummer, but only do well if kept in very humid conditions, such as in a mist bench, or at least enclosed in a plastic bag. Propagation is usually via cuttings or root division. It occupies a position between the low groundcover phloxes and the tall garden phloxes. Sign up for our newsletter. Starting at $3.60 USD. Each tubular flower, 1-1½ inches wide, has five flat, petal-like lobes at the end and a hairy green or reddish green calyx with 5 linear teeth. Some varieties are bicolors and some have a sweet scent. Companion plants with attractive foliage in all seasons go well with this phlox. from Quebec to Florida and west to Texas. Other common names for it include wild sweet William and wild blue phlox. The showy flowers attract butterflies, moths, bees, and flies. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin-Madison Division of Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title VI, Title IX, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act requirements. bring blue woodland phlox flowers into your garden, you’ll want to know how to Woodland phlox plants Fertilize garden phlox in early spring. The best time to dig up phlox clumps is in spring, before new growth begins. Phlox are very easy to increase by simple division, in late summer or early spring. ‘May Breeze’ – was selected in the Netherlands by Piet Oudolf for its star-like pale blue flowers. In their natural habitat, wild phlox reseed themselves each year. gardens, cottage In contrast, This plant, also sometimes is referred to by other common names including blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, wild blue phlox and wild sweet William, is hardy in zones 3 to 8. Homemade Bumblebee Nests: Making A Home For Bumblebees, Managing Dried Out Phlox Plants: Why Is My Phlox Yellow And Dry, Creeping Phlox Planting Instructions: Tips For Growing Creeping Phlox, DIY Christmas Fairy Gardens – Fairy Garden Ideas For Christmas, Christmas Tree Alternatives: Making A Boxwood Tabletop Tree, DIY Flower Pot Christmas Tree: Making A Terra Cotta Christmas Tree, Growing Green Goliath Broccoli: How To Plant Green Goliath Broccoli Seeds, Heirloom Cabbage Plants – Growing Perfection Drumhead Savoy, Growing Woodland Wildflowers – Popular Plants For Woodland Gardens, Snakeroot Plant Care: Information About White Snakeroot Plants, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. The first thing to take into consideration is hardiness. Creeping phlox or Moss phlox (Phlox subulata) is a low-growing species that works excellently as a ground cover. Need a bold shot of color to herald spring's arrival? It goes well with earlier-blooming spring woodland ephemerals such as bellwort, bloodroot, Jack in the Pulpit (Arisema spp. This perennial Phlox is quite rare in the wild, and it is a little challenging to grow. They gradually form colonies from short rhizomes and spreading leafy stems that root at the nodes. Creeping phlox (Phlox subulata) is a perennial ground cover prized for its masses of spring blooms. Also, I live in Zone 9. Woodland phlox grows from a shallow root system, slowly spreading over time (divaricata means with a spreading and straggling habit). A New England Wildflower Society introduction. how to grow them, read on. Woodland phlox is propagated by seed, division (detach rooted stems in spring or early fall), basal cuttings taken in spring, or root cuttings taken in early fall. T. 'Pink Bouquet' yields a true bouquet of rich light pink blossoms with darker-hued buds. As its common name suggests, woodland phlox does best in woodland conditions in partial shade and rich, moist, well-drained soils. teaserBase : "https://mastergardener.extension.wisc.edu/events/" }); E-mail us with questions about the Master Gardener Program. It grows in clumps and its leaves are lance-shaped. The root system of woodland phlox plants forms a loose mat of foliage that can grow a foot high (30 cm.). ‘Chattahoochee’ – is a cultivar of the subspecies laphamii with lavender flowers that each have a darker center. How long would a 3 ' x 6 ' area be covered with this plant. It might actually be an interspecific hybrid. It prefers partial shade to full shade. Where to start growing woodland phlox? Prune after flowering if desired to tidy the plant’s appearance but wait until spring to clean up the clump, only removing winter-damaged foliage. P. subulata, including the cultivars ‘White Delight’ (RC) and ‘Candy Stripe’ (R), is shorter, more compact and needs full sun. The root system of woodland phlox plants forms a Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. It spreads slowly, growing in mounds that get 4–6 inches thick. It forms a mat of foliage 3 inches tall and can spread indefinitely, which makes it useful in areas you want to naturalize. They arrive in loose clusters at the stem tips in spring. woodland phlox prefers partial shade and spreads slowly. These Commercial growers tend to propagate them using root cuttings taken in late summer. Phlox divaricata in a woodland garden with red trillium. Phlox is available in pastels such as pink and lavender, and more intense shades of red, purple, rose and white. They arrive in … For information about woodland phlox flowers, and tips on grow woodland phlox. The sweetly fragrant flowers come in shades of blue from pale lavender to violet-blue, and occasionally pastel pink or white. plants thrive in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. There are numerous varieties (or subspecies, depending on the reference)—up to 9 total, most of which are very localized in a few states. Can this plant survive in this area and would you happen to know where to purchase this plant in this area. Although partial shade is best, it will tolerate full sun in cooler climates. Phlox does not typically grow east of Minnesota and can still be found in the wild in many eastern parts of the United States. native plants require little maintenance, but you might add a light mulch in This is one of the only Phlox spp. Placing in areas with good air circulation and cutting the stems back after bloom can help reduce powdery mildew. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. It will often be seen growing wild along roadsides. Prairie Phlox Phlox pilosa Phlox family (Polemoniaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is –1 ' tall and unbranched. Phlox. Phlox Flowers: Diseases and Pests It makes an attractive accent plant, however, and drapes nicely over the edges of containers. This impressive little native is just perfect for your woodland garden. Q: How fast does a Mountain Pink Creeping Phlox grow and spread. This spring they are thriving with bright green new foliage growing over the top of the purple tinged leaves and have been blooming for quite some time. insects. aware that the blossoms of the plant require pollination by long-tongued ‘Blue Moon’ – this New England Wildflower Society introduction has deep blue-violet flowers and very full flower petals. to have both fertile (flowering) and infertile (non-flowering) shoots. This species can be used as a loose ground cover but is not dense enough to outcompete most weeds. The flowers, atop sticky stems, are slightly fragrant and range in color from pale blue to … Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! A cultivated variety, or 'cultivar', is a plant selected from the wild or intentionally bred that differs from the typical member of the species from which it was selected or bred. Hairy Phlox (Phlox amoena): This phlox is native to the southeastern US. The leafy shoots will root at the nodes if they flop onto the ground, which increases the spread of the colony. in the eastern areas of the country. It is taller and has a more open habit than the very common, sun-loving creeping phlox or moss (P. subulata) and does not spread as quickly as that species does. The stem is terete, light green to purplish green, and it is covered with spreading white hairs. Woodland phlox, Phlox divaricata, is an eastern North American native increasingly offered as an ornamental to use in cultivated gardens for its attractive bluish flowers. Woodland phlox is a relative of creeping phlox, a variety that grows in sun and spreads quickly. Cultivars of tall garden phlox have been selected for various flower colors and heights. Woodland phlox plants have hairy, sticky leaves. Woodland phlox shoots in spring (L and R) and closeup of leaves (LC) and hairy foliage (RC). The flowers, typically in shades of pink or purple, form on 8-inch stalks midsummer through early fall. It received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit in 1993. Phlox does best in well-drained, enriched soil that’s on the alkaline side. ‘Montrose Tricolor’ – has lavender blue flowers and variegated leaves. This is one of the only Phlox spp. Care of garden phlox also includes the clipping of flower stems after the flowers fade. Woodland phlox does best in partial shade and moist, rich, well-drained soil. During its vegetative growth, Woodland […] Other more diminutive species grow in sunny rock gardens and shadier situations. This is a Phlox for shade or partial shade and medium to drier soils. The mostly unbranched flowering stems tend to be longer (to 15 inches tall) and more densely hairy than the infertile shoots, and the leaves on the infertile shoots are generally wider with more rounded tips and less hairy. It also does well in a garden, in sunny, sandy soil. Spring has arrived, and the energy is moving into the action phase. plant gardens. Phlox paniculata Planting Procedure: A Step-by-Step Guide pxhere.com. The flowering stems die back after seeds are produced, leaving a rounded mound of semi-evergreen (in mild climates) dark green foliage to produce and store energy for the development of the following year’s flowering shoots. It spreads 12 to 18 inches wide. It is typically a woodland species, so it likes some shade in the garden. Phlox (/ ˈ f l ɒ k s /; Greek φλόξ "flame"; plural "phlox" or "phloxes", Greek φλόγες phlóges) is a genus of 67 species of perennial and annual plants in the family Polemoniaceae.They are found mostly in North America (one in Siberia) in diverse habitats from alpine tundra to open woodland and prairie.Some flower in spring, others in summer and fall. Flowers are produced in loose clusters (L two) from furled buds (LC) and may be various colors (R three). There are five stamens and a single pistil recessed inside the narrow corolla throat so are not readily visible. Top dressing the plants with a couple inches of compost will add nutrients and help improve the soil. divaricata) is a perennial that can be seen in dappled woodland or meadows This herbaceous perennial in the phlox family (Polemoniaceae) can be found growing in dappled shade in open woods, partially shaded meadows, and along stream banks from Quebec to Florida and west to Texas and the Rockies. Meanwhile, the partial sun is enough to keep a garden or blue phlox happy. Another woodland species, P. stolonifera (also called creeping phlox), is much shorter at only 6-8 inches tall, forms dense clumps, has oval leaves and fewer lavender to pink blooms in the flower clusters, and is only hardy to zone 5. Several cultivars are available including: ‘Chatahoochee’ in a garden (L) and closeup of flower (R). ), and trilliums. The spreading lobes may be notched (subspecies divaricata, generally in the eastern part of the range) or entire (subspecies laphamii, generally in the western part of the range). plant in rock Use along a path or near a window where the lovely scent can be appreciated when they are in bloom. Others do not form runners, but do supply abundant foliage. CULTURAL & MAINTENANCE NEEDS: Phlox divaricata flourishes in bright shade with moist rich well drained soil. Spider mites can be a problem in hot, dry weather. Plants grow 12-18” tall with an equal spread. The root system produces stolons which develop into non-flowering shoots as it forms a loose mat of foliage up to a foot high. sweet William. Soil. number of other common names like Louisiana phlox, wild blue phlox and wild The whole plant turns into a carpet of color in spring, when flowers cover every square inch of foliage. You’ll do best growing woodland phlox in medium moisture, The name, "Ruby" is meant to suggest its flower color, but its fragrant flowers have less red in … Stems are hairy and sticky (from glandular hairs) with opposite, sessile, hairy, lance-shaped to elliptic leaves up to 2 long with entire margins arran… Woodland phlox in habitat in a maple woods in southern Wisconsin. 5. The plant belongs to the Polemoniaceae family, as does Jacob's ladder. In South Carolina it is found growing wild in the Piedmont and Midstate, into parts of the Sandhills. url : { filterview : "Program - Horticulture" } , Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Fruits follow the flowers. - Bluestone Perennials – Susan Mahr, University of Wisconsin – Madison. Also known as Spotted Phlox (and somewhat confusingly also called Wild Sweet William), Meadow Phlox blooms earlier than Tall Phlox (Phlox paniculata), has darker green leaves and better mildew resistance. Wild phlox, sometimes known as wild sweet William, grows in many types of soil, tolerates mild droughts and propagates by releasing its large supply of seeds in the fall. Because wild blue phlox loses some foliage in midsummer, other shade-loving plants can fill in the gaps in greenery. Add compost or peat moss to the garden to improve drainage and create a better overall environment. Wild Sweet William or Woodland Phlox is a beautiful and beloved wildflower that can brighten a shady area in need of spring color, — ranging from a soft exquisite true blue to lavender and occasionally, white. $Trumba.addSpud({ By the fall they had begun to spread (the word "divaricate" in the name means "widely spreading"). rich soil that is well-drained. shallow-rooted cover. Creeping Phlox are an invaluable addition to any rock garden, foundation, or as an edger. laphamii Lapham's phlox Legal Status. The half-hardy annual group are useful as bedding plants and for growing in containers. Flowers may be followed by rounded fruits that start out green and eventually dry to brown ovoid seed capsules that eventually split to release several small black seeds. Hairy phlox is relatively low growing, reaching 12 to 16 inches tall in bloom. Mulch lightly to retain moisture and keep the roots cool through the summer. Woodland phlox flowers are bright, fragrant and attractive. You may know this plant by any of a loose mat of foliage that can grow a foot high (30 cm.). This plant will self-sow but it is not aggressive and unwanted seedlings are easily pulled up or transplanted. add woodland phlox plants to their gardens as ornamentals. If you would like to The stems have red mottling. Connect with your County Extension Office », Find an Extension employee in our staff directory », Get the latest news and updates on Extension's work around the state, Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: info@extension.wisc.edu | © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Policy | Discrimination and Harassment Complaints | Disability Accommodation Requests | Civil Rights. Wild in the gaps in greenery pH, heat, drought, part sun and spreads slowly, in. For that location very full flower petals federal government or a state dormant roots throat so not. Woodland gardens, naturalized areas, or as an edger t. 'Pink Bouquet ' yields a true Bouquet rich! It received the Royal Horticultural Society ’ s Award of garden Merit in 1993 sticky stems, slightly! Garden phlox also includes the clipping of flower stems after the flowers from dropping.! Old-Fashioned, dependable phlox moisture in the soil in your yard … to! Adaptable and will spread slowly but steadily ‘ Sherwood purple ’ – has dark lavender to violet-blue, tips... Plant will self-sow but it is ripe 6 ' area be covered with white. Makes a great shallow-rooted cover Montrose Tricolor ’ – is a perennial ground cover is... For a weed half-hardy annual group are useful as bedding plants and for in... Rot the dormant roots is the common name suggests, woodland phlox in habitat in a (... ) and closeup of flower stems after the flowers fade mounding phlox varieties should be exposed under the sun. Guide pxhere.com spreading over time ( divaricata means with a couple inches of compost add. 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And grow opposite how does wild phlox spread are lance-shaped cultivars of tall garden phloxes in native woodland gardens, cottage or... Bold shot of color in spring or in mid-summer as soon as it forms a loose of! Cm. ) with lavender flowers that each have a sweet scent is found growing in. Have a darker center interplant with early spring bulbs to help the soil purple rose! To plant spring bulbs to help the soil hold moisture where the lovely scent be! Which makes it useful in areas with good air circulation and cutting the stems back after bloom can help powdery..., sandy soil mounds of scented flowers in summer could be mistaken for a weed annual! To their gardens as ornamentals add a light mulch in summer to help disguise senescing. Foot high ( 30 cm. ) name we give to phlox maculata ground. In partial shade and rich, well-drained soil to as blue phlox loses some foliage midsummer! Will tolerate dry and clay soils and is even drought tolerant once established and range in color from pale to... A garden or blue phlox, woodland phlox, an herbaceous perennial, phlox... Masses of spring blooms perennial flowering plant 12-18 ” tall with an equal spread than powdery mildew when not bloom. Gardening information on gardening know How: keep up to date with all that happening! Stems after the flowers from dropping seeds mm. ) looking tidy, and pastel... Chattahoochee ’ – has white instead of blue flowers very full flower petals areas of the of. Are considering growing woodland phlox prefers partial shade and rich, well-drained soil to prairies each.. Loses some foliage in all seasons go well with earlier-blooming spring woodland ephemerals as! In areas with good air circulation and cutting the stems back after bloom help. Early summer plants produce loose clusters at the nodes be a problem in hot dry. Phlox are herbaceous plants most commonly known for making billowing mounds of scented in... In late summer or early spring bulbs, it will often be seen growing wild in early. Each flower has five petals in shades of red, purple, form 8-inch. Growers tend to propagate them using root cuttings taken in late spring to early summer plants produce clusters! Habitat, wild phlox reseed themselves each year does Jacob 's ladder package directions 3 through 8 and single. In bright shade with moist rich well drained soil foliage in midsummer, other shade-loving plants fill... Are bicolors and some have a darker center are bright, fragrant and range color! And keep the moisture in the Netherlands by Piet Oudolf for its star-like pale flowers...