Aquatic Invasive Species Regulations. This shrub, with its characteristic silvery leaves, has had a varied history in Michigan. According to 2014 research from Cassagrande and Dacey, it is estimated that up to 25% of monarch eggs may be laid on swallow-wort in areas where the vines are abundant, resulting in this grim fate, potentially contributing to already declining monarch butterfly populations. Biological control of invasive swallow-wort vines in Michigan Published on December 10, 2020. A new website can help you identify potentially invasive plants in your backyard in Michigan. In addition to concerns about its impact on monarch butterflies, swallow-wort can disrupt diverse native plant, bird and other arthropod communities when it forms dense monocultures. December 10, 2020. Starry stonewort loves the clean, clear, and calcium carbonate rich waters of Michigan’s inland lakes. The invasive plant … The insect could damage more than 70 varieties of crops and plants including grapes, apples, hops, and hardwood trees. Many plants now considered invasive were imported to the U.S. for landscaping, erosion control or property barriers, long before the threat of invasiveness was understood. While most people wouldn’t want to plant invasive plants, they do have their benefits. See text of state law for more detail. lobate) Watch List. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Michigan has the largest population in the world of starry stonewort, an invasive macroalgae that stifles native plants and fish. Many non-native species in Michigan, including fruits, vegetables, field crops, livestock and domestic … Multiflora rose, black locust, Tatarian honeysuckle and glossy buckthorn are just some of the woody invasive species found in Michigan. Invasive and Exotic Vines . It’s a monthly series of live presentations, each focused on a different aspect of fighting off invasive species. Vines. Ken Haddad is the digital content manager for WDIV / A Field Identification Guide to Invasive Plants in Michigan's Natural Co  mmunities is another great resource Across the eight Great Lakes states and Ontario, 28 woody plant species are regulated as invasive by at least one jurisdiction. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Invasive Plants in Michigan’s Natural Communities. Dense stands of swallow-wort vines can be difficult to remove without repeated herbicide applications, treatments that can be expensive and hard to apply without damaging non-target plants. These stems persist through winter and releaf in the spring. ... Kudzu is a vine that extends 32-100 feet, with up to 30 vines per plant. He also authors the Morning Report Newsletter. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. • Remove barriers to cross-jurisdictional action to facilitate rapid response and coordinated action. Top Invasive Terrestrial Plants in Michigan 1. In its larval stage, Hypena opulenta feeds on the leaves of swallow-wort, weakening the plants, reducing seed production, and as a result potentially reducing swallow-wort populations., developed by the Woody … This article will focus on Virginia creeper and poison ivy, since they are sometimes mistaken for each other. The Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) is asking freight carriers, warehouse workers and delivery drivers to be on the lookout for invasive spotted lanternfly after the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed dead spotted lanternfly insects were found in Michigan in recent weeks. Species that are not native and also have the potential to harm human health or to harm natural, agricultural or silvicultural resources can be listed as prohibited or restricted by the State of Michigan. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. A defoliating moth from eastern Europe may be the solution for long-term control of invasive vines that disrupt native plant and animal communities, including monarch butterflies. The Michigan departments of Natural Resources and Agriculture and Rural Development recently confirmed the presence of invasive mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata) at Albion College’s Whitehouse Nature Center in Calhoun County.. Mile-a-minute weed, a fast-growing, barbed vine native to India, Asia and the Philippine Islands, was not known to be in Michigan until Doug … Mott Predoctoral Fellowship in Sustainable Agriculture at Michigan State University. Invasive Species - invasive aquatic plants. Persicaria perfoliata, an invasive weed otherwise known as devil's tail, tearthumb and mile-a-minute, has been found in Michigan. The Department of … Show your Spartan pride and give the gift of delicious MSU Dairy Store cheese this holiday season! We have observed full defoliation of swallow-wort plants by Hypena opulenta in experimental cages on the Michigan State University campus (see photo below), and we have conducted the first field releases of this natural enemy in Michigan in summer 2020. The invasive weed was discovered at Albion College's Whitehouse Nature Center, its first appearance in Michigan. Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Invasive Species Specialist Susannah Iott said the vine has barbs, triangular leaves and a distinctive blue fruit. Now these plants pose a serious threat to natural areas in the Great Lakes region, outcompeting native plants and damaging wildlife habitat. Like many invasive plants, it … MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Biological control agents are natural enemies that come from the same region as the target species. Kudzu is a vine that extends 32-100 feet, with up to 30 vines per plant. Volunteers will have a hand in eradicating invasive plant species in East Lansing's natural areas. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. 1 Indiana list is based on assessments by the Indiana Invasive Species Council's Plant Advisory Committee 2 Wisconsin list from the Invasive Plant Association of Wisconsin's (IPAW's) Working List of Invasive Plants 3 Prohibited or restricted by county. For a difficult-to-manage plant like swallow-wort, biological control is a safe and potentially effective alternative to herbicides. According to 2014 research from Cassagrande and Dacey. Generally one male plant is needed for 6-9 female plants. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Invasive species can alter ecological relationships among native species and can affect ecosystem function and human health. Brianna Foster and Marianna Szucs, Michigan State University, Department of Entomology - • Designate an invasive plants coordinator and regional point staff. A Field Identification Guide to Invasive Plants in Michigan’s Natural Communities A resource for public land managers, land stewards and volunteers engaged in conserving & restoring Michigan’s native plant & animal communities Michigan … Learn about lakes online with MSU Extension. In Michigan, typical vines you may find in your woods include Oriental bittersweet, Virginia creeper, poison ivy, and grapevine. The Woody Invasives of the Great Lakes Collaborative is one of several regional invasive species initiatives supported by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative. ). Female plants need a male pollinator to produce the attractive fruit that is the signature of this vine. In the meantime, we will continue monitoring how well its life cycle is synchronized with the climate of Michigan, what factors may aid its establishment in different regions, and at what densities it will have an impact on swallow-wort infestations. Further releases are planned for summer of 2021 on black swallow-wort infestations west of Lansing, Michigan, and in the Petoskey, Michigan, area. We know that in Michigan, swallow-wort vines are present in at least 27 counties where they inhabit forested areas along hiking trails, roadsides, home gardens and agricultural areas. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Autumn olive has leaves with silvery undersides, with each plant producing thousands of silvery-red berries each fall that greatly contribute to its ease of spread. Citizen science bioblitz events evolve during novel coronavirus pandemic Published on November 30, 2020. Copyright 2020 by WDIV ClickOnDetroit - All rights reserved. Vines are woody or herbaceous twining or climbing plants with relatively long stems. of invasive plants that pose a threat to wildlife in Michigan. If you have a dense swallow-wort infestation of at least 0.25 acre on your property, please email to inquire about biological control options. For more information, visit (Photo courtesy of Kathy Smith, Ohio State University Extension, The following species have been reported to be invasive in natural areas in the U.S. This research is funded by the Department of Entomology at Michigan State University, the Michigan Invasive Species Grant Program of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, the Sustainable Michigan Endowed Project, and the C.S. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) for reporting infestations and training in identification. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants NRCS Invasive Species Policy Invasive Species Executive Order 13112. Unfortunately, some nurseries do not sell the vines as male or female (as is commonly done with hollies). The State of Michigan has lists of invasive plants that are already established in Michigan or are on the watch list for being introduced and spreading in Michigan. A new website can help you identify potentially invasive plants in your backyard in Michigan. Michigan State-listed Noxious Weeds 17 records returned. Invasive species are those that are not native and can cause harm to the environment, economy or human health. Female plants may be vegetatively propagated to create more female plants. This moth originates from the native range of swallow-wort in Ukraine and is a specialist that is adapted to feed on swallow-worts, unlike monarch butterflies. If you need help with the Public File, call (313) 222-0566. The following species have been listed on an invasive species list or noxious weed law in North America. Similar efforts to establish Hypena opulenta are ongoing in several eastern states and have already been successful in Canada. A species is regarded as invasive if it: Over 400 adult moths were released at 18 different locations in Oakland County, which is considered to be a swallow-wort hot spot. To contact an expert in your area, visit, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). The Midwest Invasive Species Network (MISN) has 40 different species identification education modules that will help you identify invasive plants. Larvae were observed after releases feeding on swallow-wort plants, but we have to wait until spring 2021 to confirm establishment success. Learn about invasive species currently found in Michigan, where they are located, how to identify them and report new sightings through the Midwest Invasive Species Information Network at They go through an extensive host-specificity testing process before being approved for release. The goal of this group is provide outreach on invasive species and their impacts as well conducting invasive species management on both public and private land. Thanks to startup funding from the Michigan Invasive Species Grant Program, a team from Michigan State University is launching a statewide effort to help residents learn about the risks and impacts of invasive forest pests. The next installment will focus on Oriental bittersweet and grapevine. It… The biological control agent Hypena opulenta, a defoliating moth, was first approved for release in the U.S. in 2017 to control swallow-wort vines by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Related: Spotted lanternfly could be next invasive species in Michigan: What to know. Biological control of invasive swallow-wort vines in Michigan Brianna Foster and Marianna Szucs , Michigan State University, Department of Entomology - December 10, 2020 A defoliating moth from eastern Europe may be the solution for long-term control of invasive vines that disrupt native plant and animal communities, including monarch butterflies. It will likely take years for this new moth species to build up populations large enough to have a measurable impact on swallow-wort infestations in Michigan. Woody plants, including trees, shrubs and vines, have strong stems with a bark layer. The vine colonizes open and disturbed areas with a preference for very wet soil, according to the state’s alert. 4 Also designated as an invasive aquatic plant statewide under s. Michigan's Invasive Species Watch List . The Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) confirmed a new invasive plant at Albion College’s Whitehouse Nature Center in Calhoun County. Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with more information, and web links if available. It has alternate, compound leaves with three broad leaflets and in late summer produces purple individual flowers that grow in upright clusters. Autumn olive is an invasive shrub identifiable by its leaves, which are bright green on top and silver underneath. Michigan environmental officials announced they have recently confirmed the presence of an invasive aquatic plant in at least four lakes. • Pursue and secure funding to address invasive plants. Their spreading capabilities are the perfect solution to filling in blank spaces in the yard or to create fence trees for a living border wall to give you privacy.. For example, bindweed or Morning Glory is quite pretty and can cover a trellis in no time. Marbled Crayfish Species profiles on provide information on how each plant became established in the U.S., where they are likely to be found and what problems they cause to native habitats. Red berries with white speckles are visible in the fall. However, their moderately aggressive growth habit and their potential to disrupt the life cycle of the monarch butterfly have turned them into plants of concern across eastern North America. There are two species of swallow-wort present in Michigan: pale swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum rossicum) and black swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum nigrum), both native to Europe., developed by the Woody Invasives of the Great Lakes Collaborative, contains a wealth of information about how to distinguish woody invasive species from similar beneficial plants, an interactive map showing how these species are regulated by Great Lakes jurisdictions, detailed management approaches and noninvasive woody plant ideas for gardeners and landscape designers. This information is for educational purposes only. Thanks to Julianna Wilson for suggested edits on an earlier version of this article. Your Guide to an Invasive Plant. For more information on each species, including the listing sources, images, and publication links, click on the species. When monarch butterflies lay their eggs on swallow-wort vines, the larvae that hatch and attempt to feed on these plants all end up dying. An invasive species is one that is not native and whose introduction causes harm, or is likely to cause harm to Michigan's economy, environment, or human health. They have an even more extensive library of fact sheets that can be printed and taken with you when scouting for invasive plants. About Invasive Plants. (Pueraria montana var. The site also offers detailed information on control methods, along with explanations of where and when each method is most effective. Invasive plants often share characteristics that make them difficult to manage, including early germination in open areas or disturbed soils, fast growth rates, rapid spreading and the ability to sprout new plants from cut stems or roots. Species native to the U.S. are included when they are invasive in areas well outside their known natural ranges, as a result of human activities. This testing is conducted to ensure the biocontrol agents will not damage economically important or native and endangered species. Useful tips on long-term management and how to properly dispose of plant debris are also included. I nvasive plants compete with native plants for nutrients, light and moisture, degrade wildlife habitats and threaten the future of forests, wetlands, prairies and other natural habitats. Invasive Plants. Swallow-wort vines, also known as dog-strangling vines, were brought to the United States as ornamental plants in the 1800s and are related to our native milkweeds. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. The Michigan Department of Natural Resources has a list of invasive species in the state that residents should be aware of and report if spotted.