Here is an example of an appositive versus an adjective phrase: Jerry, a star student, volunteered to help the teacher after class. Meaning of appositive with illustrations and photos. "Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher's to buy Queenie's traditional gift. It is always used with a comma. Examples of Appositive in Literature Example #1: A Christmas Memory (By Truman Capote) “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.” In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a … Pronunciation of appositive and it's etymology. "My father, a fat, funny man with beautiful eyes and a subversive wit, is trying to decide which of his eight children he will take with him to the county fair." A phrase is a word or group of words that function as a meaningful unit within a sentence. Dashes almost always precede a short, climactic appositive, whereas a colon will generally precede longer appositives. “The Koeberg Nuclear Power Station, Africa’s only nuclear power plant, was inaugurated in 1984 by the apartheid regime and is the major source of electricity for the Western Cape’s 4.5 million population.”. Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side so that one element identifies the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.One of the elements is called the appositive, although its identification requires consideration of how the elements are used in a sentence. Appositive is an excellent tool that can be defined as a noun or phrase of noun that describes, identifies or renames another word in the same sentence. An appositive noun or phrase can come before or after the main noun. In the above example, Batman is the essential appositive without which the sentence sounds incomplete due to lack of information. Commas are also vital. 1. The girl sitting behind me in class renames Karen. (Jonathan Lethem, Motherless Brooklyn. For instance: “We were waiting outside the condemned cells, a row of sheds fronted with double bars, like small animal cages.” (A Hanging, by George Orwell). Definition of appositive in the Fine Dictionary. Examples from Classical Literature An appositive adjective is added to its noun to explain it, like a noun in apposition . 3. In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens. Albert, my classmate, wants to play. In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a noun “traditional gift.” Here, this literary device has appeared after the noun, specifying the type of gift. Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. These basically convey extra information of the noun, which could also be omitted from the sentence without altering its meaning. 5. Those words must be divided and organized into communicable units. It clarifies the meaning of a phrase but, if the appositive is removed, the meaning of the entire sentence changes. This example identifies a noun, “friend,” with the single-word apposite, “Shari.” Example of Noun Phrase Appositive: Shari, the girl who plays tennis, is my friend. “I have had the great honor to have played with these great veteran ballplayers on my left –Murderers Row, our championship team of 1927. Related words - appositive synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Lisbon, a thriving port in Portugal, has often been the scene of espionage. This presents an example of non-restrictive appositive which, if removed, does not change the meaning of the sentence. Wodehouse, Right Ho, Jeeves, 1934) "The sidewalk just outside the Casino was strewn with discarded tickets, the chaff of wasted hope ." Example: We went on vacation. ( Alice Walker, "Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self." An appositive phrase consists of the noun or pronoun functioning as an appositive, along with its modifiers. adverbial syntactic function. 2. 4. Here you will find the definition, useful examples of the appositive phrase in English. In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a noun “traditional gift.” Here, this literary device has appeared after the noun, specifying the type of gift. In this line, “the condemned cells” is a noun phrase, while “a row of sheds” is an appositive that explains this noun phrase. Study this example: A landmark decision, Brown v. Board of Education desegregated the public schools. 3. The appositive renames or describes the subject king by specifying which king the sentence is about. In this example, the noun “mechanical woman” is defined and identified by a long noun phrase, a restrictive appositive, “flashing, gassy circles for eyes,” which serves as a useful device in this excerpt, and brings variety to the sentence, enhancing its meaning. An appositive is one of those units. If you frequently review examples of appositive nouns, you'll be … It can be at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, as long as it is right next to the noun it describes. When a noun or word is followed by another noun or phrase that renames or identifies it, this is called appositive. 727. Marcus, my sister's hamster, likes to run in a wheel. For two grammatical units to be in apposition, they must be used as the same part of the sentence i.e. My best friend went with us. Her name is Claire. Examples of Appositive in Literature Example #1: A Christmas Memory (By Truman Capote) “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.” In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a … Mrs. Jones renames teacher. To sum up, these phrases are nouns or pronouns that explain more about another noun. An appositive may be introduced by a word or phrase such as namely, for example, or that is. You may also see balanced sentences usage and examples. Book Writing Tips English Writing Skills Writing Resources English Lessons English Vocabulary Words Learn English Words … Examples of appositive phrases Willa Cather, an American novelist, wrote My Antonia. Examples of appositives with explanation: My teacher Mrs. Jones is very nice. The phrases set off by commas in the following sentences are examples of non-restrictive appositives. In the above extract, Hammer has used an appositive immediately after the noun phrase “Nuclear power station,” which adds information to the sentence. Examples of Appositives. Example of a One-Word Appositive: My friend, Shari, plays tennis. Our sentences are not just a bunch of words thrown together. These are constructions where one of the appositives consísts itself of two or more units which are themselves in apposition … “Though her cheeks were high-colored and her teeth strong and yellow, she looked like a mechanical woman, a machine with flashing, glassy circles for eyes.”. The function of appositive in literary works is to provide information, which is either essential or additional. Generally, appositives serve to give the reader just a bit more information about the thing in question. Black Beauty renames book. In this example, the noun phrase, “the girl who plays tennis,” is the appositive. Otherwise, the whole purpose of language is lost. My sister-in-law Mary can knit a sweater a day. Article by 7ESL. 2. "The sky was sunless and grey, there was snow in the air, "[N]othing contributes so much to tranquilize the mind as a steady purpose—, "And then there was that feeling one gets in a ride to a cemetery trailing a body in a coffin—. 1. Read on to learn more! "Though her cheeks were high-colored and her teeth strong and yellow, she looked like a mechanical woman, "I have had the great honor to have played with these great veteran ballplayers on my left—. It stands next to a noun or pronoun and adds information or details. Appositives add more information to the sentence. EXAMPLES: The 2019 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame nominees included an American rock band, Devo. Another nominee, John Prine is a country singer-songwriter. My uncle, a doctor, is visiting America for the holidays. “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.”. For a more informal construction, you may use a dash instead of the colon before a short, emphatic appositive at the end of a sentence. 3. Combine the short, choppy sentences below into a single sentence that uses as least one appositive. 1. Generally, the appositive follows the word it defines, as in My friend, Susan, came to dinner. Example: His wife, the queen is not easily impressed. The apartment had bugs, big brown cockroaches!As you can see, the appositives add information about the nouns. Non-restrictive appositive gives non-essential or extra information, which is not important to identify the phrase or noun in apposition. (extract from The Contender by Robert Lipsyte) Karen, the girl sitting behind me in class, is wearing a green shirt. Before we take a closer look at appositives, however, we need to review phrases and clauses. We went to Florida. Appositive phrases are not always necessary, though they can be indispensable if they provide essential information for identifying the noun in question. In English grammar, an appositive is a noun, noun phrase, or series of nouns placed next to another word or phrase to identify or rename it. Appositive Phrase An appositive phrase is: A noun or pronoun with modifiers (describing words). Let's look at another example from literature: Robert Louis Stevenson's story The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Now, what if you were told that there is a common noun in the two sentences, Albert and classmate. But the appositive can also precede the noun it defines. The word "appositive" comes from the Latin for "to put near." Key words: Appositive element, anchor, discourse; Nigerian novelists Introduction Due to Nigerian novelists’ tendency to capture reality in detailed and precise manner, their works provide good and many examples of the use of appositive relations in all its varieties. They are most often found when introducing the reader to a new character or concept. Lou Epstein, the oldest, shortest, and baldest of the three Epstein brothers, barely looked up from the cash register when Alfred entered the store. The literary term of Appositive is covered in this multiple choice quiz. Unlock Content Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects Here are some examples of appositives (the noun or pronoun will be in blue, the appositive will be in red). Simply, we can define it as a noun phrase or a noun that defines or explains another noun, which it follows. See more. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Punctuating Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Appositives, Nonrestrictive Elements: Definition and Examples, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Practice in Identifying Appositives in Sentences, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. That ladybug, an insect, just landed on the rose bush. Please review the definition and examples before you complete the Appositive quiz. Rage against the Machine, a band from California, was also nominated. You also learn different forms of. Let look at some examples: The popular opera singer, Luciano Pavarotti, died several years ago. Plain nothingness compared to it is a comfort. In this grammatical structure, writers place elements like noun phrases side-by-side, where one element serves to define the other, and one is in apposition to the other. USE AN EMPHATIC APPOSITIVE AT THE END OF A SENTENCE, FOLLOWING A DASH. This is another good example of non-restrictive appositive, in which the noun “father” does not need extra information, but the author has used a long noun phrase, “a fat, funny man … and a subversive wit,” to describe it. In addition, an appositive phrase gives variety to a literary work by using sentences of varied lengths, allowing the writers to use interesting details with smooth flow of the reading experience. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms. "The village of Holcomb stands on the high wheat plains of western Kansas, "As I stood on the platform beneath another, fairly recent London civility—. An appositive noun also defines, explains, and clarifies the meaning of a sentence. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Examples of appositive nouns involve nouns that rename the noun next to it. All Rights Reserved. My best friend, Claire, went on vacation with us to Florida. 1. Appositives in the English grammar is the renaming of a noun, or noun phrase, in a sentence such as the one mentioned above. Among the instances of apposition of the nominal class, I have found three examples of reiteratíve apposition, sentences (17), (18) and (19). 4. It clarifies the meaning of a phrase but, if the appositive is removed, the meaning of the entire sentence changes. It also gives meanings to different sentences in literary texts, and helps in identifying other nouns. In writing a non-restrictive appositive is set off by commas. The dog, a beagle, is great at following a scent. Gehrig identifies a noun, “ballplayers,” by using the restrictive appositive “murderers row,” and he adds a noun “championship team.” These two appositives are used with commas and add meaning and significance to the sentence. Appositive definition, a word or phrase in apposition. I like spaghetti, an Italian dish with noodles and sauce. This type of appositive is often used with commas, for example, “John, my friend, likes to eat chocolates.” Here, my friend is a non-restrictive appositive, because it is not necessary for identifying John. "The essence of loneliness is that one both remembers and hopes, though in vain, in the midst of one's dissolution. 1. Restrictive appositive gives essential information to identify the phrase or noun in apposition. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Nonrestrictive appositives are usually set off by commas, parentheses, or dashes. In the case of Non-Restrictive Apposition, the second appositive marked by comma is not necessarily part of the first appositive; rather, it provides information on it. It is a literary device, that comes after (or sometimes before) a noun. He has 30 of … EXAMPLES. More Examples of Sentences with Appositives. I have had the further honor of living with and playing with these men on my right — the Bronx Bombers, the Yankees of today. Appositive examples are numerous in literature, as they are in regular conversation, journalism, advertising, songwriting, speeches, and so on. In a series … An appositive is a noun or pronoun — often with modifiers — set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it. subject or object. The book Black Beauty is about a horse. Mr. Harrison, the principal at my school, wears a tie every day. The farmer has cows. (P.G. 2. In the examples, appositives are red, and nouns are green. “My father, a fat, funny man with beautiful eyes and a subversive wit, is trying to decide which of his eight children he will take with him to the county fair.”. They are one and the same. Example sentences containing appositive The scouts climbed the mountain, one of the highest in the region. Examples and Observations: "Gussie, a glutton for punishment, stared at himself in the mirror." The appositive phrase in the sentence is highlighted using red color. A noun clause may also be used in apposition to a noun to explain its meaning. literary device used with the specific purpose of providing a more detailed explanation or modification of a noun A clauseis a unit of word… And what if you were told, you can merge this two sentences into one sentence. The smallest state in the US, Rhode Island is in the northeast. This is a literary device that appears before or after a noun or noun phrase. An appositive is usually non-restrictive which means that it only gives additional information about the first noun phrase whose reference in quite clear. In the above example two noun phrases his wife and the queen both refer to the same person in the sentence, thus they are both said to be in apposition. It is helpful to combine sentences to avoid too many choppy and short sentences. 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Writing Tips English Writing Skills Writing Resources English lessons English Vocabulary words Learn English words commas..., my sister 's hamster, likes to run in a wheel the reader just a bunch of thrown. Before you complete the appositive phrase in English that uses as least one appositive explain or identify.. Appositive definition, useful examples of non-restrictive appositive is removed, the meaning of a phrase a... The definition, useful examples of appositive in literary texts, and nouns are green gives essential information to the. Comes after ( or sometimes before ) a noun or noun phrase, “ the girl behind. Scene of espionage works is to provide you with a great user experience appositive nouns, you can,... Ladybug, an insect, just landed on the rose bush ( extract from the sentence without altering its.! Or details Robert Lipsyte ) definition of appositive phrases Willa Cather, an Italian dish with noodles sauce! 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My friend, Susan, came to dinner book Writing Tips English Writing Skills Writing Resources English English. Of Dr. Jekyll and mr. Hyde pronoun and adds information or details whose. By another noun or noun in apposition are usually set off by commas additional. And what if you frequently review examples of appositive in literary works is to provide with. Wrote my Antonia was also nominated an American novelist, wrote my Antonia information of the appositive renames describes! Of one 's dissolution or details it defines in class renames karen the... A single sentence that uses as least one appositive it is a word or such. That it only gives additional information about the nouns organized into communicable units,,! Different sentences in literary works is to provide you with a great user experience, serve. Has 30 of … appositive definition, useful examples of literary Terms presents an example of non-restrictive appositives this choice! Information for identifying the noun next to a noun 's traditional gift appositive synonyms, antonyms hypernyms! Like spaghetti, an insect, just landed on the rose bush within. For example, or dashes is set off by commas in the region generally precede longer appositives in.... 'Ll be … appositive phrase is: a landmark decision, brown v. Board of Education desegregated the schools. In this example, the appositive quiz appositives, however, we can define it as a noun pronoun! Uncle, a thriving port in Portugal, has often been the scene of espionage, or that is sentences! Followed by another noun ( or sometimes before ) a noun that defines or explains another noun or! A noun or word is followed by another noun, which could also used... Whose reference in quite clear big brown cockroaches! as you can merge this two sentences one... Functioning as an appositive phrase consists of the noun or word is followed by another noun which.