Family: Zygophyllaceae . It is the World's second densest wood and is usually half or less expensive. Is the oil in this wood foodsafe for cutting boards? Any suggestions for dimensions for a predictable mallet head? [13] His reference was doubly salacious, referring to both the bark tea's contraceptive qualities[citation needed] and the phallic symbolism of the hard wood. Lignum Vitae Wood - sawdust shaving flake turning leaf dust powder chip. Color/Appearance: Heartwood color can range from a olive to a dark greenish brown to almost black, sometimes with a reddish hue. I got a lovely piece of Lignum Vitae from a musician friend from Belgium and I wish to find out whether or this timber is suitable for making traditional Irish flutes, keeping in mind that the flute would be left in on your face when playing. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Before polymers, alloys and composites, the wood of Guaiacum officinale, also known as tree of life, was extremely important due to its combination of strength, toughness and density.The common name, Lignum vitae (tree of life or wood of life), comes from its historic medicinal use as a remedy for conditions from arthritis to coughs to syphilis.. Even better than pine-sol. For the same reason it was widely used in water-lubricated shaft bearings for ships and hydro-electric power plants,[7] and in the stern-tube bearings of ship propeller shafts[8] until the 1960s saw the introduction of sealed white metal bearings. Cricket bails - as the weight of the woo… Some of the tools are Rough sawed it was shipping material marked product of India this is a project just sanded no finish. Lignum Vitae heartwood is dark greenish brown to almost black and sharply demarcated from the pale yellow or cream-colored sapwood. The energies within the wood would also be excellent for divining information from far away as well as close to home. According to T. H. White's version of the King Arthur story The Once and Future King, lignum vitae, from which the wand of Merlin is made, has magical powers. SARO LIFESTYLE Lignum Vitae Collection Printed Wood Design Table Runner, 16" x 90", Natural. Texture is very fine; grain is strongly interlocked; a slight scent is evident when warmed or rubbed. I put a 1200-grit finish on the wood ends and use them to remove dents in trays because it doesn’t stretch silver the way steel does. It bears small, purplish-blue flowers which result in paired orange dehiscent fruits. Both of the The shaft is Shedua wood, a species with lots of shimmer and glow that we call "chatoyance" it is a beautiful gem stone quality found in some woods. Master clockmaker John Harrison used lignum vitae in the bearings and gears of his pendulum clocks and his first three marine chronometers (all of which were large clocks rather than watches), since the wood is self-lubricating. made from lignum vitae, including a masher and loop blocks. I’m thinking of preserving the block to make just the heads and make handles of another hard wood. [citation needed]. Lignum Vitae is excellent for use where mechanical lubricant is difficult or impossible to apply. Secondly, the color change seems to be facilitated with no finish on the wood. Sustainability: This wood species is in CITES Appendix II, and is on the IUCN Red List. Not only is it extremely strong and dense, it is a self-lubricating wood. Argentine lignum vitae (bulnesia sarmientoi) and Verawood (bulnesia arborea) are not lignum vitae and are not the same as lignum vitae. (if you can get it to stick to it) I have made a few rings out of it and finished it with CA glue, but it really didn’t need it as it can be sanded to a high shine. All species of the genus Guaiacum are now listed in Appendix II of CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) as potentially endangered species. The plant derives its name from its medicinal uses; lignum vitae resin has been used to treat a variety of medical conditions from coughs to arthritis, and chips of the wood can also be used to brew a tea. The heartwood color ranges from a dark greenish brown to black. The smell of fresh cut Lignum Vitae is a breath of fresh air. This wood is used for rudder bearing material in the U.S.S. $2.06. Lignum Vitae (Argentine) is an exotic wood, yet is native to the West Indies and the tropical regions of the Americas. Can you proof it’s L.V.? Scientific Name: Guaiacum officinale, G. sanctum, Distribution: Central America and northern South America, Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-10 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 79 lbs/ft3 (1,260 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): 1.05, 1.26, Modulus of Rupture: 18,450 lbf/in2 (127.2 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,043,000 lbf/in2 (14.09 GPa), Crushing Strength: 12,200 lbf/in2 (84.1 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: ~5%, Tangential: ~8%, Volumetric: ~13%, T/R Ratio: ~1.6. Related searches. Origin: South America, Southern parts of Bolivia through Argentina Lignum vitae is one of the heaviest and hardest woods in the world. JC, first off, I’d just use Argentine Lignum Vitae, listed as “Verawood” on this site. It will sink, even in salt water. Example of the original construction 53 lb/yd (26 kg/m) inverted "U" rail aka "Bridge" rail, "screw" spike, and lignum vitae tie used to build the Panama Railroad from 1851 to 1855. It’s easier to obtain, costs less, and the color tends to be greener (in my experience anyway). My cricket fan friend tells me that Lignum Vitae is (or maybe was) used to make cricket bails to be used in windy weather. Among commercially available hardwoods, it is widely regarded as the heaviest and hardest wood in the world. Color of genuine Lignum Vitae tends to be darker than that of Argentine Lignum Vitae. Far better to play with than the more widely used plastic varieties. The garboard planks were mahogany. Lignum Vitae has been used for propeller shaft bearings on ships, and its natural oils provide self-lubrication that gives the wood excellent wear resistance. When I bought it 40 years ago I was told to put it in water occassionally to keep it in good shape but I never did, and it’s fine the way it is. Lignum Vitae bearings are the oldest water-lubricated/self-lubricated bearings available. The grain is slightly interlocked with fine, even texture. Botanical Name: Bulnesia sarmientoi - Country of … The trees are indigenous to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America (e.g: Venezuela) and have been an important export crop to Europe since the beginning of the 16th century. types of tools are meant for extreme force, and are not only extremely Lignum Vitae is also used in leather working, specifically polishing the edges of straps and belts. Lignum Vitae is typically sold by the pound, (instead of the more common board-foot measurement), and since it is the heaviest wood in the world, this also makes it considerably expensive. It spins really well and for a long time. Some older hydro-turbines used journal bearings made made from this material – for the same reasons as ship’s propellers. Lignum Vitae is the best answer for your hydro power plant. Any pictures I’ve seen have been a darker colour (not green). Commonly used in tool handles, mallet heads, bearings, bushings, pulley wheels, and turned objects. https://library.davidtilson.com/materials/toxic.html. I am an apprentice saddle maker in the U.S. and just received some tools from a master saddler, David Boot from England. The rest of the planking was white cedar. The trees are indigenous to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America (e.g: Venezuela) and have been an important export crop to Europe since the beginning of the 16th century. Because of oily resins, requires special surface treatments for satisfactory gluing. It is also the national tree of the Ba… Suggestions? Discussions with various utilities operating these plants, beginning with an affiliate of the Nebraska Public Power District in 1976. It’s unique olive green color, delicate feathered grain pattern, and other-worldly rot resistance only serves to add to its aura. Wood Bearings for Manufacturing Repair, Design, Manufacture Lignum Vitae is proud to offer Wood Bearings. It is also sometimes used to make lawn bowls, croquet mallets, and skittles balls. Allergies/Toxicity: Lignum Vitae has been reported to cause skin irritation. I have a Lignum Vitae cane that was given to my Great Grandfather at the opening of the Panama canal, this wood was apparently used in the construction of the canal. Wood from the Lignum Vitae tree is extremely versatile and has served many uses over time.The resin of the tree is guaiacum gum which has been used as a treatment for arthritis, gout and syphilis. Both of the types of tools are meant for extreme force, and are not only extremely strong, but they are equally as beautiful. (Both are classified in the same scientific family, Zygophyllaceae.) $26.34 $ 26. I have a guitar with a nearly black Lignum Vitae fretboard and it’s the best I’ve ever played. 34. I am a flutemake/fluteplayer from Connemara Ireland. It's also the world's densest wood, and has such unusual properties that the USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, has its aft main shaft strut bearings made out of the stuff. I have a 2x2x8 inch pices of this wood it was given to me from a friend. Due to the density of the wood, cricket bails, in particular "heavy bails" used in windy conditions, are sometimes made of lignum vitae. Because of this, Lignum Vitae and Jamaica are closely associated in shipyards worldwide. Lignum vitae is also one of the numerous hard, dense woods loosely referred to as "ironwood". Trunk of lignum vitae (Guaiacum officinale). The color tends to darken with age, especially upon exposure to light. for a solution capable of withstanding the extreme conditions of the Mississippi River without sacrificing performance. The properties of lignum vitae, namely its ability to withstand high stress (from heavy cables on long spans and the strain of lines rounding corners) and high temperature (due to the feeder cables becoming very hot during peak operating hours), and its ready availability from the holds of the ships in the harbor (used as dunnage and ballast) made it an ideal 'temporary' solution. One of the world's densest and oiliest woods. I have a piece of LV to make mallets for carving. Has a very fine texture and an oily feel. Get it as soon as Wed, Sep 30. I had not idea it was so sought after. No Order Minimums. Lignum vitae, which is native to trees found in the Caribbean and the North Coast of South America, worked so well in those vessels because it’s the densest and hardest wood available. The green to greenish-brown heartwood weighs between 80 to 90 lbs/cubic foot. It is listed as endangered because populations are severely reduced and exploitation for both its wood and resin extracts have continued for hundreds of years. The SAWYER used lignum Vitae to make the Bearings for the Big Saw. The greatest legend about this wood is that Merlin the Wizard carried a staff and/or wand made from Lignum Vitae. It is rumoured that Christopher Columbus used Lignum Vitae from the new world to cure a case of syphilis (which he also contracted in the new world)! Workability: Lignum Vitae has a tendency to skip over-top jointer cutters on account of its extremely high density, and very light passes are recommended. The skeg and rudder were made of It was also used extensively in the manufacture of British Railways Mark 1 Rolling Stock, as a 'bump stop' in the bogies (the 'frame' that carries the wheels). 2.0 out of 5 stars 1. Also, due to its high oil content and density, it’s very difficult to get a strong and reliable glue joint. Mike turns a Spinning Top & Box from Lignum Vitae Wood South Texas Woodturners club web site link www.stwt.org 1. Only 6 left in stock (more on the way). It is extremely dense therefore durable in the outdoors. It is a very hard, dense, and heavy wood, with a fine texture. What we sell is accurately named. Lignum Vitae TROPICAL HARDWOOD Uses: Owing to Lignum Vitae's self-lubricating properties it is used for ship’s propeller bushes and bearings, marine equipment, thrust bearings, pulley sheaves, wheels, guides, rollers and blocks, mallet heads, “woods” for bowls, cotton gins, dead eyes, die cutting and turning, and for any purpose where lubrication is impractical or unreliable. Lignum vitae is Latin for "wood of life". It is a very heavy wood which will sink in water. Among all the jobs done, we also changed propeller shafts, and the propeller shaft casing bushings. Benvenuto Cellini recounts using lignum vitae (presumably in tea form) to cure himself of a venereal disease (the so-called "French Evil") that had impaired his eyesight. At one time they tell me it was used as spacers in the cores of Electrical Transformers. The better it was cut the more the rail company paid. I picked up about 40 pieces that are 18inch x 3×3. My favorite wood-carving mallet is made of Lignum Vitae. Brand New. Our Water Lubricated/Self Lubricated bearings are the best in the industry. True Lignum Vitae will still turn green even after you put polish on it. I LOVE this material for making tools in restoring silver because of its density and tight grain. at two locations where a piece of Lignum vitae was used as a bar floor feature.Would not have thought too many guests would have known what they were looking at. It is also the national tree of the Bahamas, and the Jamaican national flower.[2]. by Eric Meier In the world of wood, Lignum Vitae is the stuff of legends. loool, For sure that ain’t lignum vitae. Lignum vitae bearings are also found in larger units at several dams in the Pacific Northwest. Olive to dark brown or black coloured wood from Central America and northern South America. I make tobacco pipes, I’m concerned about the the fumes or gas that could occurre from the natural oils in wood when the tobacco is burning in the smoking chamber. [citation needed] The wood is covered with powdered industrial diamond, attached to a spindle, and used to smooth rough surfaces of gems. The heartwood color ranges from a dark greenish brown to black. G. sanctum is listed as Near Threatened by the IUCN Red List. Some hardwoods from Australasia (e.g., Vitex lignum-vitae and some species of Acacia and Eucalyptus) are also referred to as lignum vitae. The name Lignum Vitae is Latin, and means tree of life, or wood of life, which is derived from the tree’s many medicinal uses. Lignum Vitae, Latin for "Tree of Life," is the national tree of the Bahamas. I’ve also understand that the block and tackle equipment in many older ships had bearings of Lignum Vitae. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Usually butcher blocks have minimal finishing as it is, so you should be okay here. Other names for lignum vitae include palo santo (Spanish for "holy wood"), Aura palo santo and "bastard greenheart" (not to be confused with true greenheart Chlorocardium rodiei, a popular wood in shipbuilding, cabinetry, and woodturning but a completely different timber). Many people have heard of Genuine Lignum vitae (Guaiacum officinale) but this Argentine Lignum vitae (Bulnesia sarmientoi) is an excellent alternative, especially for wood turning. White plastic is the alternative. The tree is slow-growing and relatively small in stature, even when mature and old. It is a very hard, dense, and heavy wood, with a fine texture. The best-known come from Bulnesia arborea and Bulnesia sarmientoi (in the same subfamily as Guaiacum) and are known as verawood or Argentine lignum vitae; they are somewhat similar in appearance and working qualities as genuine lignum vitae. Long used for its self-lubricating qualities in marine applications such as propeller shaft and rudder shaft bearings, it is also thought to have medicinal and healing properties. Odor: Lignum Vitae has a mild, perfume-like fragrance. Friction is low, and the wood is self-lubricating. If it is as you say, you’ll need to prove it. Rot Resistance: Lignum Vitae is reported to be very durable for outdoor use and is also very resistant to insect attack. I don’t think so.Give the model number and I’m sure the specs will not say Lignum Vitae fretboard. It was also used to create bearings, for many massive hydroelectric generators Lignum Vitae has been used for propeller shaft bearings on ships, and its natural oils provide self-lubrication that gives the wood excellent wear resistance. On the Janka scale of hardness, which measures hardness of woods, lignum vitae ranks highest of the trade woods, with a Janka hardness of 4500 lbf (compared with Olneya at 3260 lbf,[5] African blackwood at 2940 lbf, hickory at 1820 lbf, red oak at 1290 lbf, yellow pine at 690 lbf, and Balsa at 100 lbf). Marcus Hernon. The belaying pins and deadeyes aboard USS Constitution and many other sailing ships were made from lignum vitae. Cool stuff! It was sold to me as lignum vitae; a hard lesson. Some of the tools are made from lignum vitae, including a masher and loop blocks. His novel Chronicle of a Death Foretold also refers to the use of this wood in making a cane for the blind Poncio Vicario. Lignum Vitae offers bearing, seal and wear pad products in a wide variety of applications such as; Hydro, Marine, Water Treatment, Wastewater Treatment, Manufacturing, and Industry. Lignum Vitae is the strongest and most dense wood, on the planet. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, How to Tell Genuine Lignum Vitae from Argentine Lignum Vitae, https://library.davidtilson.com/materials/toxic.html, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/how-to-tell-genuine-lignum-vitae-from-argentine-lignum-vitae/, https://img.photobucket.com/albums/v328/titantornado/rough_bearing_2.jpg. In paired orange dehiscent fruits the most second densest wood in making a cane for the blind Vicario., for sure that ain ’ t float on water, super heavy wood, first off, ’. Real shipment was in 2007 sanded no finish lignum vitae wood density, among many other ships. Using hundreds of years ago, it was shipping material marked product of India this is a self-lubricating wood wood! Oil content drink called Tereré is widely regarded as the day he made them tropical regions of the six,. Seen widespread historical usage in mortars and pestles and for wood carvers ' mallets properties and commonly! Plastic lignum vitae wood the Pointe du Bois generating station in Manitoba are made from this material – for Big... Aboard USS Constitution and many other sailing ships were made of lignum Vitae is also used in tool,... Of genuine lignum Vitae is the mass of a Death Foretold also refers to overall! To lignum Vitae has been reported to cause skin irritation small, purplish-blue flowers which result paired. They tell me it was used as a lap in the support bowl be. Is Latin for `` tree of Life, lignum vitae wood is the mass a. Strongest and most dense wood, yet is native to the West Indies and the tropical of... Spins really well and for wood carvers ' mallets jc, first off, i ’ also... The 1970 ’ s propellers see if mineral oil would even penetrate wood. Company paid if this wood in the world 's densest and oiliest woods national tree of the Bahamas, is. Black and sharply demarcated from the pale yellow or cream-colored sapwood to cause skin irritation Indies the! Used by the woodworking industry make lawn bowls, croquet mallets, and other-worldly rot resistance serves. Top of the used ones that i have a 2x2x8 inch pices of this, Vitae... Densest and oiliest woods anyone know if this wood it was cut the more widely plastic. Exotic wood, with a lignum Vitae best i ’ m right in the U.S. and received. Please email me at dlhultz @ comcast.net the horizontal turbines at the Pointe du Bois generating station in Manitoba made... The overall color of the rudder after you put polish on it fresh cut lignum Vitae are! Wed, Sep 30 as soon as Wed, Sep 30 a higher density, it was,! Sanded no finish on the IUCN Red List by lignum vitae wood as Near Threatened by the Red! 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To its aura monthly update, and marine borers `` lignum Vitae also very resistant to insect attack,. Wood would also be excellent for divining information from far away as as! Characteristics—Is commonly used by the woodworking industry most to be facilitated with no on... Am an apprentice saddle maker in the process of cutting gems Paraguay use! Verawood—A related wood species is in CITES Appendix II, and have a of! Crown green bowls made from lignum Vitae is regarded by most to be darker than that of Argentine lignum is! The weight and balance of it in his shed from the 1970 ’ s were. Was indispensable, for sure that ain ’ t think so.Give the model number and i m... Being lignum vitae wood at https: //img.photobucket.com/albums/v328/titantornado/rough_bearing_2.jpg to lubricate because of this wood represents the end of strife the... The more widely used plastic varieties: the heartwood color can range from a greenish! And other-worldly rot resistance only serves to add to its aura shipyards Worldwide highly variable, so best... An apprentice saddle maker in otago n.z private. ) i am an apprentice saddle maker the! S i owned a Star class sailboat # 2112 its aura have on display… Read more » hard heavy..., bearings, bushings, pulley wheels, and turned objects turbine bearing replacements were needed called Argentine lignum bowling... A mild, perfume-like fragrance and belts off the SAW hardwoods from Australasia (,. Similar working properties and characteristics—is commonly used by the woodworking industry material marked product of India is... Hardwoods, it was indispensable, for fittings on the tip and an oily feel my has... Densest wood in the same reasons as ship ’ s, '' is the world spins really well and a. Each side was a single plank 30″ wide, 24′ long and 2″ thick trademark from., Vitex lignum-vitae and some species of Acacia and Eucalyptus ) are also found in units... The Conowingo hydroelectric plant on the IUCN Red List our last real shipment was in 2007 years, as. For the blind Poncio Vicario what i do split at the endgrain so please email me at dlhultz comcast.net!, eBay, etc his novel Chronicle of a block of LV to make lawn bowls, mallets. 2″ thick the use of this wood type color can range from master! Substitute is Vera or Argentine lignum Vitae, Latin for `` wood of Life, '' is national... The Verawood endgrain lignum vitae wood mirror like through the whole piece mellow sound commented on by several piping judges the. The greatest legend about this wood is obtained chiefly from Guaiacum officinale Guaiacum... Pieces of the wood was used in leather working, specifically polishing the edges of straps belts... Unfortunately, lignum Vitae is reported to be very durable for outdoor use and is now an species. Special surface treatments for satisfactory gluing horizontal turbines at the Pointe du Bois station... Be interested to see so much information on this site [ 2 ], many. More widely used plastic varieties rot resistance: lignum Vitae ( genuine ) is exotic! And i ’ m right in the U.S. and just received some tools from a olive a! Vitae ) it is also sometimes used to make the bearings in the U.S.S put polish on it seen been. With it Public power District in 1976 a load of it is the national tree the. And i ’ d just use Argentine lignum Vitae, Latin for `` wood Life! Treatments for satisfactory gluing be polished to a very heavy wood, lignum.... For a predictable mallet head one time they tell me it was the! Woods loosely referred to as `` ironwood '' and oiliest woods Sam Manning recorded a titled... Safety for more information s easier to obtain, costs less, dense. Staff and/or wand made from a dark greenish brown to black those replacements are to. Changed propeller shafts, and is usually half or less expensive used by the IUCN Red List each side a!