[2]​ El hombre le recomendó un panfleto de Thies Christophersen. Regresó a Alemania para llevar una vida relativamente normal y prefirió no hablar de su asociación con Auschwitz. [5]:287 He was later sent to the UK as a forced labourer in 1946 where he had a "very comfortable life". [13]​ Se les dijo que unos cuantos judíos que estaban siendo llevados a las cámaras de gas habían escapado y escondido en el bosque, por lo que se les ordenó tomar sus pistolas y buscarlos. Upon his return to Germany, he led a normal life, reluctant to talk about his time in Auschwitz. Durante su infancia, se unió a varios grupos juveniles nacionalistas, como las Juventudes Hitlerianas, cuando los … I share morally in the guilt but whether I am guilty under criminal law, you will have to decide. [5]:300 The man told him it was "terrible" that Holocaust denial was illegal in Germany, and went on to tell Gröning how so many bodies could not have been burnt, and that the volume of gas that was supposed to have been used would have killed all living things in the vicinity.[5]:300. He asked for forgiveness from God and from the Jewish people. I saw the gas chambers. Genealogy for Oskar Teofilus Gröning (1889 - 1939) family tree on Geni, with over 190 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. He was posted at Auschwitz concentration camp during the World War II. En su lugar, puso en el formulario que le habían dado los británicos que trabajó para la SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt. Their first son, also called Gerhard, was born in 1944. [7]​ Gröning quedó sorprendido por la gran cantidad de alimentos disponibles, fuera de las raciones básicas de las SS y su grupo tenía curiosidad de saber qué clase de lugar era Auschwitz;[7]​ sin embargo, se les dijo que descubrirían por sí mismo por qué Auschwitz era un tipo especial de campo de concentración; inmediatamente después, alguien abrió la puerta y gritó: “¡Transporte!”, lo que llevó a que tres o cuatro personas dejaran la sala. 2015ean 300.000 hilketatan konplize izateaz epaitu eta kondenatu bazuten ere, espetxeratua izan baino lehen hil zen.. Gröning kontzentrazio-esparruko biktimei lapurtutakoa gordetzeaz arduratzen zen. [7]​ Gröning fue informado que el dinero tomado de los judíos, en realidad, no les era devuelto. Oskar Groening, 94, sat impassively as judge Franz Kompisch said 'the defendant is found guilty of accessory to murder in 300,000 legally connected cases' … The latter court ruled his age was not a valid reason not to send him to jail. He was eventually transferred to Britain as a prisoner of war and worked as a farm labourer. Oskar Gröning (10 June 1921 – 9 March 2018) was a German SS Unterscharführer who was stationed at the Auschwitz concentration camp.His responsibilities included counting and sorting the money taken from prisoners, and he was in charge of the personal property of arriving prisoners. His father, a proud nationalist, joined the Stahlhelm after Germany's defeat in World War I, and his anger at how Germany had been treated following the Treaty of Versaillesincreased as his textile business went bankrupt in 1929 due to insufficient capital. Entonces, vieron como un hombre de las SS se puso una máscara de gas y vació una lata de Zyklon B en una escotilla en la pared de la cabaña. Tras ser temporalmente detenido en un antiguo campo de concentración, fue trasladado a Inglaterra en 1946, donde estuvo como trabajador forzado. [5]:139 His mother died when he was four. [5]:300, It became apparent that his comments condemning Holocaust denial had been printed in a neo-Nazi magazine, and that most of the anonymous calls and letters were "From people who tried to prove that what I had seen with my own eyes, what I had experienced in Auschwitz was a big, big mistake, a big hallucination on my part because it hadn't happened."[5]:300. Oskar Gröning (10. června 1921 Nienburg, Dolní Sasko – 9. března 2018) byl německý dozorce, který pracoval v koncentračním táboře Auschwitz.Gröning, přezdívaný „účetní z Osvětimi“, pomáhal např. El tribunal germano de Lueneburg ha declarado culpable a Oskar Groening, de 94 años de edad, por colaborar en el exterminio masivo de judíos [6]​ La tarea era confidencial: Gröning y sus camaradas debían firmar una declaración por la cual se comprometían a no revelarla a su familia, amigos o personas fuera de su unidad. It is too late for that kind of sentence ... My preference would have been to sentence him to community service by speaking out against neo-Nazis. [5]:139, He explained that children were murdered because, while the children themselves were not the enemy, the danger was the blood within them, in that they could grow up to become dangerous Jews. [5]:298 He described his part in the extermination machine as an involuntary "small cog in the gears", which gave him involuntary guilt in turn. On 15 July 2015, he was found guilty of facilitating mass murder and sentenced to four years' imprisonment. [5]:167–168 His boss listened but reminded him of the pledge that he and his fellow SS men made. [1]​, Gröning quedó fascinado por los uniformes militares y uno de sus primeros recuerdos es que miraba fotos de su abuelo, quien sirvió en un regimiento de élite del Ducado de Brunswick, subido a un caballo y tocando la trompeta. [5]:142 Gröning was informed that money taken from interned Jews was not actually returned to them. [5]:141, They were then given a lecture by several high-ranking officers who reminded them of the oath of loyalty they took, which they could prove by doing a difficult task. [5]:288, Gröning led a normal middle-class life after the war. [5]:144, Gröning said that the screams of those in the gas chambers had never left him, and he never returned to Auschwitz because of his shame. Una madre lo había dejado atrás, tal vez porque sabía que las mujeres con niños eran enviadas a las cámaras de gas de inmediato. [20]​, A su regreso a Alemania, Gröning vivió con los suegros de su padre. todos los resultados de noticias sobre oskar%20groning en el buscador online de noticias de ABC. [5]:139 Gröning said that he thought at the time that it was justified due to all the Nazi propaganda he had been subjected to, in that Germany's enemies were being destroyed,[5]:139 which to him made the tools of their destruction (such as gas chambers) of no particular significance. [17]​ Fue herido y enviado al hospital de campaña antes de volver a su unidad, que finalmente se rindió a los británicos el 10 de junio de 1945. [13] Another witness, Max Eisen, who was 15 years old at the time of entry into Auschwitz, described the brutality of the extermination part of the camp, including extracting gold teeth from dead victims. As a child, Groening joined the Scharnhorst, and then joined the Hitler Youth organization just a few years later in 1933. Oskar Gröning (Nienburg, Weimarko Errepublika, 1921eko ekainaren 10a - 2018ko martxoaren 9a) alemaniar nazia izan zen, SSko boluntarioa eta Auschwitz sarraski-esparruko atezaina. [29][3], Auschwitz: The Nazis and 'The Final Solution', "Oskar Gröning, the 'Bookkeeper of Auschwitz,' Is Dead at 96", "The case against the 'accountant of Auschwitz, "An SS Officer Remembers: The Bookkeeper from Auschwitz", "Gröning will bei Selektion von Juden nur ausgeholfen haben", "Auschwitz guard to go on trial in Germany", "Ex-Nazi 'bookkeeper of Auschwitz' asks for 'forgiveness, "Auschwitz guard trial: Oskar Groening admits 'moral guilt, "Oskar Groening trial: Holocaust survivor Eva Kor hugs Nazi SS Auschwitz guard in German court", "Oskar Gröning trial: British Auschwitz survivor takes the stand", "British Auschwitz survivor testifies at trial of Oskar Gröning", "Auschwitz survivor disappointed by Groening jail term", "Haftstrafe gegen Oskar Gröning ist rechtskräftig", "German Prosecutors: Ex-Auschwitz Guard, 96, Fit for PrisonApps for PC Daily - Apps for PC Daily", "Früherer SS-Mann: Gröning hat Gnadengesuch eingereicht", "German man known as 'Bookkeeper of Auschwitz' asks for clemency", "Gnadengesuch von Ex-SS-Mann Gröning abgelehnt", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oskar_Gröning&oldid=992947313, German prisoners of war in World War II held by the United Kingdom, Articles with German-language sources (de), Pages using infobox military person with embed, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 23:51. [4]​ Participó en la quema de libros escritos por judíos y otros autores que los nazis consideraban degenerados, bajo la creencia de que estaba ayudando a que Alemania se liberara de una cultura extranjera y consideraba que el nacionalsocialismo estaba teniendo un efecto positivo en la economía, al apuntar a un descenso del desempleo. Sargento Oskar Gröning. [6] Gröning obtained a copy and mailed it to Christophersen, having written his own commentary on it, which included the words: "I saw everything," he writes. He then went to train to become a clerk, but he was soon recruited for the German army in 1939. Murió Oskar Gröning, el "contador de Auschwitz" que había sido condenado por el asesinato de 300.000 judíos. On a few occasions he witnessed the procedures of mass killing in the camp. ", causing three or four people to leave the room. [6]​, Gröning trabajó como contable por un año hasta 1942, cuando las SS ordenaron que los trabajos de oficina fueran reservados para los veteranos heridos y que los miembros aptos en empleos administrativos debían desempeñar trabajos más desafiantes. [17]​ Lo hizo porque «el vencedor siempre tiene la razón» y porque las cosas que sucedieron en Auschwitz «no siempre cumplieron con los derechos humanos». [6] Because of this, he said his feelings about seeing people and knowing that they had hours to live before being gassed were "very ambiguous". They watched as an SS man put on a gas mask and emptied a tin of Zyklon B into a hatch in the cottage wall. [5]:298, Upon return to Germany, Gröning lived with his father-in-law. Kor conversed with and embraced the defendant after giving evidence,[14] while other Holocaust survivors in the courtroom protested against this gesture. [5]:142, The next day, Gröning and the other arrivals reported to the central SS administrative building and were asked about their background before the war. [12]​ Gröning también escuchó: Tras presenciar esta escena, Gröning acudió a su jefe a quien dijo que ya no era capaz de trabajar en Auschwitz: sostuvo que si la exterminación de los judíos era necesaria, «entonces, por lo menos, debe ser realizada dentro de cierto marco.»[12]​ El oficial superior denegó la petición de Gröning. His trial began in April 2015, after the court had ruled that, at the age of 93, he was still fit to stand trial. [6] At the dinner table, they once made "a silly remark about Auschwitz", implying that he was a "potential or real murderer," whereupon Gröning became enraged, banging his fist on the table and demanding: "This word and this connection are never, ever, to be mentioned again in my presence, otherwise I'll move out! After being transferred from Auschwitz to a combat unit in October 1944, Gröning surrendered to the British at the end of the war; his role in the SS was not discovered. [2]​ Como dedicado coleccionista de estampillas, una vez estaba en su reunión anual del club de filatelia, más de 40 años después de la guerra, cuando cayó en una conversación sobre política con otro miembro del club,[21]​ quien le dijo que era «terrible» que el negacionismo del Holocausto fuera ilegal en Alemania. State prosecutors managed to charge the defendant on a legal precedent set in 2011 by the conviction of the former Sobibor extermination camp guard John Demjanjuk by a court in Munich for his presence as a guard at the camp rather than for a specific act of murder. [5]:288 He became head of personnel, and was made an honorary judge (a sort of juror) of industrial tribunal cases. [5]:287 He said he did this because "the victor's always right", and that things happened at Auschwitz which "did not always comply with human rights". Rees points to Gröning's ultra-nationalist upbringing as indication of how he was able to justify the extermination of helpless children. [5]:167 A comrade later showed him the bodies being burnt in a pit. La Justicia alemania ha fallado que Oskar Gröning, de 96 años, antiguo miembro de las SS y contable en el campo de concentración de Auschwitz, debe entrar en prisión a pesar de su avanzada edad. Oskar lived in between 1876 and 1880, at address. [5]:301, He also wrote memoirs for his family,[5]:300 consisting of 87 pages. [13], Eva Mozes Kor, who was 10 years old when she arrived at Auschwitz, testified that she and her twin sister were used for the cruel medical experiments conducted by Josef Mengele and that she had lost her parents and older sisters in Auschwitz. In particular, he confessed to stealing jewellery and currencies from gas chamber victims for his personal benefit. [5]:140–141 Without his father's knowledge, he did so in 1940[6] at a hotel where the SS was recruiting. Oskar Groning: Auschwitz guard, 93, on trial for complicity in murder of 300,000. [5]:142, It became clear that Auschwitz was not a normal internment camp with above-average SS rations, but that it served an additional function. selekci, kdy se rozhodovalo, kteří Židé budou posláni do plynové komory a kteří na nucené práce. Durante su infancia, se unió a varios grupos juveniles nacionalistas, como las Juventudes Hitlerianas, cuando los nazis llegaron al poder en 1933, convencido de que el nazismo era ventajoso para Alemania. The trial was held in Lüneburg, Germany. El niño estaba tendido en la rampa, envuelto en harapos. [5]​ Para que su padre no lo supiera, se inscribió en un hotel donde las SS estaban reclutando miembros. Gröning no dijo nada en respuesta a estos comentarios[21]​ y solo replicó: «Sé un poco más sobre eso, lo deberíamos discutir en algún momento». I would like you to believe that these atrocities happened, because I was there. "[19] Gröning's defence lawyer, Hans Holtermann, was quoted as saying that he would review the verdict before deciding whether to appeal. [8], Rees writes that Gröning described his time at Auschwitz as if he were talking about another Oskar Gröning at Auschwitz—and as a result, the post-war Gröning spoke more candidly about his time there by segregating the Gröning that contributed to the running of a death camp from the modern Gröning that condemns Nazi ideology. [6] Gröning was fascinated by military uniforms, and one of his earliest memories is of looking at photos of his grandfather, who served in an elite regiment of the Duchy of Brunswick, on his horse and playing his trumpet. Oskar Gröning (10 June 1921 – 9 March 2018)[1] was a German SS Unterscharführer who was stationed at the Auschwitz concentration camp. "[11][12], During the trial, several of the 60 "co-claimants"[note 1] gave evidence. [5]:167, Gröning claimed that this disrupted the relative tranquillity his job gave him and that he yet again complained to his superior. [5]:142 Gröning was told that when prisoners were registered into the camp, their money was stored here and later returned to them when they left. His mother died when he was four. [15] In July, Irene Weiss, an 84-year-old survivor from the United States, testified that her family was torn apart on arrival at Auschwitz in May 1944, during the mass deportation of Hungarian Jews and that she had lost both her parents, four siblings and 13 cousins at Auschwitz. [14]​, La tranquilidad relativa que el trabajo de Gröning le daba fue nuevamente interrumpida y, una vez más, se quejó con su jefe. [21]​, Se hizo evidente que sus comentarios condenando el negacionismo del Holocausto habían sido impresos en una revista neonazi y que la mayoría de las llamadas y cartas anónimas eran «de personas que intentaban probar que lo que yo había visto con mis propios ojos, lo que había experimentado en Auschwitz era un gran, gran error, una gran alucinación de mi parte porque no había sucedido.»[21]​. In 2015 Oskar Groening, 96, was given a four-year prison sentence for being accessory to murder of 300,000 Jews in the camp in Nazi-occupied Poland. He was 96. Oskar Gröning told the court: ‘Before the victims, I admit to moral guilt here with regret and humility. [15], That same day, Ivor Perl, an 83-year-old Briton who was born in Hungary into a religious Jewish family, also gave evidence;[16] Perl testified that he was 12 years old when he arrived at Auschwitz and that he and his brother lost their parents and seven siblings in the Holocaust. [5]:141, Gröning worked as a bookkeeper for a year until 1942, when the SS ordered that desk jobs were to be reserved for injured veterans, and that fit members in administrative roles were to be subjected to more challenging duties. However, more than 40 years later, he decided to make his activities at Auschwitz public after learning about Holocaust denial. [17]​, Gröning y el resto de sus colegas de las SS fueron encarcelados en un antiguo campo de concentración nazi. [6] Citing his summons to testify against a member of the SS accused of murdering prisoners at Auschwitz, he also said he was innocent in the eyes of the law, pointing to the fact that he spoke as a witness and not as a defendant. [8]​, Las responsabilidades de Gröning[9]​ incluyeron la clasificación y el recuento de multitud de divisas tomadas de los deportados y enviadas a Berlín. [5]:142 Gröning was surprised at the myriad food items available in addition to basic SS rations. Haz tu selección entre imágenes premium sobre Oskar Gröning de la más alta calidad. [2]​ No pudo recuperar su trabajo en el banco debido a que había sido miembro de las SS, por lo que consiguió un empleo en una fábrica de vidrio, donde ascendió hasta una posición administrativa. [5]:167 The SS men told Gröning and his comrades that they could go home but they decided to hang around in the shadows of the woods. Oskar Gröning (Nienburg, 10 de juny de 1921 - 12 de març de 2018) va ser un antic militar alemany, Rottenführer de les SS, que treballà al camp de concentració d'Auschwitz durant la Segona Guerra Mundial.Era el comptable, s'ocupava de distribuir les poques pertinences dels presos que arribaven al camp. The child was lying on the ramp, wrapped in rags. [6]​ Immediately someone opened the door and shouted "Transport! Después de que su madre falleciera cuando tenía 4 años, fue educado estrictamente por su padre, un trabajador textil. El 15 de julio de 2015, fue condenado por la Audiencia de Lüneburg a 4 años de prisión por "complicidad" en el asesinato de 300 000 judíos en Auschwitz. One and a half million Jews were murdered in Auschwitz. [5]:139–140 Influenced by his family's values, he felt that Nazism was advantageous to Germany and believed that the Nazis "were the people who wanted the best for Germany and who did something about it. [5]:300 He said his message to Holocaust deniers was: I would like you to believe me. [18]​, Gröning fue liberado y regresó a Alemania en 1947[19]​ o 1948. [5]:287–288, Gröning was released and returned to Germany in 1947[5]:288 or 1948. Gröning was notable as a German willing to make public statements about his experience as an SS soldier, which were self-incriminating and which exposed his life to public scrutiny. [28], On 9 March 2018, Gröning died while hospitalized before he was to begin his sentence. [6] His father, a nationalist and strict conservative, joined Der Stahlhelm after Germany's defeat in the First World War (during which his father had lost an eye),[7] and his father's anger at how Germany had been treated following the Treaty of Versailles increased as his textile business went bankrupt in 1929 due to insufficient capital. [6]​ Gröning y unos 22 de sus colegas viajaron a Berlín, donde se presentaron a una de las oficinas económicas de las SS. Gröning was fascinated by military uniforms, and one of his earliest memories is of looking at photos of his grandfat… TOBIAS SCHWARZ (EFE) / VÍDEO: REUTERS-QUALITY [2]​ Entró en Scharnhorst, la organización juvenil de Stahlhelm, siendo un niño en los años 1930, y luego a las Juventudes Hitlerianas cuando los nazis llegaron al poder en 1933. [5]:287 He was wounded and sent to a field hospital before rejoining his unit, which eventually surrendered to the British Army. 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